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Science vs. Technology: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Science is the study of the natural world through observation and experiment, while technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes.
Science vs. Technology

Key Differences

Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. Technology, in contrast, is the application of this scientific knowledge to create tools, systems, and procedures to solve practical problems.
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The goal of science is to understand the laws of nature and gain knowledge about the natural world. Technology focuses on utilizing scientific discoveries to develop solutions, products, and services that improve human life.
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Science involves research, observation, and experimentation to explore and explain natural phenomena. Technology involves the design, development, and use of machines, software, and techniques based on scientific principles.
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While science seeks to explain how and why things happen, technology uses this understanding to make things happen. Science is more about discovery and expanding knowledge, whereas technology emphasizes practical application and functionality.
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Scientific discoveries often lead to technological innovations, but not all technology is directly based on scientific research. Conversely, technology can also drive scientific investigation by providing new tools and methods.
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Comparison Chart

Primary Focus

Understanding natural phenomena
Applying scientific knowledge for practical use
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Objective

Discovery and explanation
Innovation and practical solutions
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Activities

Research, observation, experimentation
Design, development, implementation
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Output

Knowledge, theories, laws
Tools, products, processes
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Relationship

Often leads to technological developments
Frequently uses scientific principles
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Science and Technology Definitions

Science

The study of the structure and behavior of the natural and physical world.
Science has greatly advanced our understanding of the universe.
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Technology

The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes.
Technology in medicine has improved patient care.
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Science

A discipline involving the study of physical, chemical, and biological elements.
The science of chemistry deals with the properties of substances.
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Technology

The branch of knowledge dealing with engineering and applied sciences.
Advances in technology have made global communication easier.
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Science

A systematic method of acquiring knowledge through observation and experimentation.
The science of biology explores living organisms.
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Technology

Tools, machinery, and equipment developed from scientific knowledge.
The smartphone is a remarkable piece of technology.
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Science

The pursuit of understanding natural laws and phenomena.
Environmental science helps us understand climate change.
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Technology

Techniques, skills, and methods used in the production of goods.
Green technology seeks to reduce environmental impact.
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Science

The observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of phenomena
New advances in science and technology.
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Technology

Systems or devices that apply scientific knowledge practically.
The use of renewable energy technology is increasing.
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Science

Such activities restricted to a class of natural phenomena
The science of astronomy.
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Technology

The application of science, especially to industrial or commercial objectives.
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Science

A systematic method or body of knowledge in a given area
The science of marketing.
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Technology

The scientific method and material used to achieve a commercial or industrial objective.
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Science

(Archaic) Knowledge, especially that gained through experience.
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Technology

Electronic or digital products and systems considered as a group
A store specializing in office technology.
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Science

(countable) A particular discipline or branch of learning, especially one dealing with measurable or systematic principles rather than intuition or natural ability.
Of course in my opinion Social Studies is more of a science than an art.
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Technology

(Anthropology) The body of knowledge available to a society that is of use in fashioning implements, practicing manual arts and skills, and extracting or collecting materials.
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Science

Specifically the natural sciences.
My favorite subjects at school are science, mathematics, and history.
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Technology

(uncountable) The study of or a collection of techniques.
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Science

Knowledge gained through study or practice; mastery of a particular discipline or area.
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Technology

(countable) Any useful skill or mechanism that was developed or invented.
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Science

The fact of knowing something; knowledge or understanding of a truth.
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Technology

(archaic) A discourse or treatise on the arts.
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Science

(uncountable) The collective discipline of study or learning acquired through the scientific method; the sum of knowledge gained from such methods and discipline.
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Technology

Industrial science; the science of systematic knowledge of the industrial arts, especially of the more important manufactures, as spinning, weaving, metallurgy, etc.
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Science

(uncountable) Knowledge derived from scientific disciplines, scientific method, or any systematic effort.
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Technology

The practical application of science to commerce or industry
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Science

The scientific community.
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Technology

The discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems;
He had trouble deciding which branch of engineering to study
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Science

Synonym of sweet science
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Science

Obsolete spelling of scion
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Science

To cause to become versed in science; to make skilled; to instruct.
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Science

To use science to solve a problem.
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Science

Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained truth of facts.
If we conceive God's sight or science, before the creation, to be extended to all and every part of the world, seeing everything as it is, . . . his science or sight from all eternity lays no necessity on anything to come to pass.
Shakespeare's deep and accurate science in mental philosophy.
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Science

Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been systematized and formulated with reference to the discovery of general truths or the operation of general laws; knowledge classified and made available in work, life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or philosophical knowledge.
All this new science that men lere [teach].
Science is . . . a complement of cognitions, having, in point of form, the character of logical perfection, and in point of matter, the character of real truth.
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Science

Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.; - called also natural science, and physical science.
Voltaire hardly left a single corner of the field entirely unexplored in science, poetry, history, philosophy.
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Science

Any branch or department of systematized knowledge considered as a distinct field of investigation or object of study; as, the science of astronomy, of chemistry, or of mind.
Good sense, which only is the gift of Heaven,And though no science, fairly worth the seven.
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Science

Art, skill, or expertness, regarded as the result of knowledge of laws and principles.
His science, coolness, and great strength.
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Science

To cause to become versed in science; to make skilled; to instruct.
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Science

A particular branch of scientific knowledge;
The science of genetics
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Science

Ability to produce solutions in some problem domain;
The skill of a well-trained boxer
The sweet science of pugilism
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Science

An organized body of knowledge on a particular subject.
Advances in computer science have revolutionized technology.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Can technology exist without science?

While technology often relies on science, some technological advances are born from practical experimentation without a scientific basis.
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How does science contribute to technology?

Science provides the foundational knowledge that technology applies to create solutions.
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Do all scientific theories lead to technological advancements?

Not all, but many scientific theories have led to significant technological innovations.
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What is science?

Science is the systematic study of the natural world through observation and experimentation.
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What is technology?

Technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry.
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Is technology always beneficial?

Technology can be beneficial, but it also presents challenges like ethical concerns and environmental impact.
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How do science and technology impact society?

They both greatly influence societal development, healthcare, communication, and the global economy.
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What is the main difference between science and technology?

Science is about understanding the natural world, while technology is about applying that understanding for practical use.
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How important is technology in modern life?

Technology is essential in almost all aspects of modern life, from communication to healthcare.
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Are scientific methods used in technology development?

Yes, scientific methods are often used to develop and refine technology.
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Can technology shape scientific research?

Yes, new technologies often provide scientists with tools and methods that open new research avenues.
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What role does experimentation play in science?

Experimentation is crucial in science for testing hypotheses and theories.
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Do science and technology evolve at the same rate?

Their evolution can be interconnected but may not always proceed at the same rate.
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Is technology dependent on scientific discoveries?

While often based on scientific discoveries, technology also progresses through practical innovation and engineering.
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Does science seek to explain technological phenomena?

Science explains the principles behind technology, but its primary focus is on natural phenomena.
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How do science and technology complement each other?

Science advances knowledge, which technology applies, and technology provides tools for scientific discovery.
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Can science solve technological problems?

Science can provide the knowledge to solve technological challenges, though practical solutions often require technological innovation.
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How have science and technology changed education?

They have revolutionized education through online learning platforms, educational software, and access to vast information resources.
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What are the ethical considerations in both science and technology?

Both fields require consideration of ethical implications, such as the impact on society and the environment.
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How does technology affect scientific communication?

Technology enhances scientific communication through digital platforms and advanced data-sharing tools.
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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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