Difference Between
versus

Metals vs. Metalloids: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Metals are elements with high electrical conductivity, luster, and malleability, while metalloids exhibit properties between metals and nonmetals.
Metals vs. Metalloids

Key Differences

Metals are typically solid at room temperature (except mercury), known for their shiny luster, high electrical and thermal conductivity, and malleability. Metalloids, in contrast, have a mixture of metallic and nonmetallic properties, making them less conductive than metals and often more brittle.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023
Metals can easily lose electrons, making them good conductors of electricity. They are usually ductile, allowing them to be drawn into wires. Metalloids, however, have a more variable ability to conduct electricity, often changing with temperature, and they are less malleable than metals.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023
The reactivity of metals varies widely; some, like sodium, react violently with water, while others, like gold, are very unreactive. Metalloids often have intermediate reactivity, being neither as reactive as the most active metals nor as inert as the most inactive metals.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023
Metals are generally found on the left side and in the center of the periodic table and include groups such as alkali metals and transition metals. Metalloids are found along the metal-nonmetal dividing line in the periodic table, including elements like silicon and germanium.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023
In alloys, metals often form the primary component, imparting strength and electrical conductivity. Metalloids are used in smaller quantities in alloys and extensively in the semiconductor industry due to their variable electrical conductivity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Physical State at Room Temperature

Mostly solid (except mercury)
Solid
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Electrical Conductivity

High
Intermediate, varies with temperature
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Malleability and Ductility

Generally high
Less malleable, more brittle
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Position in Periodic Table

Left side and center
Along the metal-nonmetal dividing line
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Uses

Wide range, including construction and wiring
Semiconductors, alloys
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Metals and Metalloids Definitions

Metals

Elements that are good conductors of heat and electricity.
Copper, a metal, is widely used in electrical wiring.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Metalloids

Substances that can exhibit both metallic and nonmetallic properties.
Boron, a metalloid, is used in glassmaking and as a semiconductor.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Metals

Substances with a characteristic luster when freshly prepared, polished, or fractured.
The ring was made of shiny gold, a precious metal.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Metalloids

Elements that may act as electrical conductors under certain conditions.
Germanium, a metalloid, is used in transistors and diodes.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Metals

Chemical elements that readily form cations and ionic bonds with nonmetals.
Sodium, a highly reactive metal, forms sodium chloride when combined with chlorine.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Metalloids

Materials often used in semiconductors and modern technology.
Arsenic, a metalloid, is used in some types of semiconductor devices.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Metals

Elements found on the left side and in the center of the periodic table.
Aluminium, a lightweight metal, is used for making cans.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Metalloids

Elements located along the metal-nonmetal dividing line of the periodic table.
Antimony, a metalloid, is used in flame retardants and alloys.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Metals

Any of a category of electropositive elements that usually have a shiny surface, are generally good conductors of heat and electricity, and can be melted or fused, hammered into thin sheets, or drawn into wires. Typical metals form salts with nonmetals, basic oxides with oxygen, and alloys with one another.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metalloids

Elements with properties intermediate between metals and nonmetals.
Silicon, a metalloid, is crucial in making computer chips.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Metals

An alloy of two or more metallic elements.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metalloids

A nonmetallic element, such as arsenic, that has some of the chemical properties of a metal. Most metalloids behave as semiconductors.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

An object made of metal.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metalloids

A nonmetallic element, such as carbon, that can form an alloy with metals.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

Basic character; mettle.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metalloids

Relating to or having the properties of a metalloid.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

Broken stones used for road surfaces or railroad beds.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metalloids

Having the appearance of a metal.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

Molten glass, especially when used in glassmaking.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metalloids

Plural of metalloid
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

Molten cast iron.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

(Printing) Type made of metal.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

(Music) Heavy metal.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

To cover or surface (a roadbed, for example) with broken stones.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

Plural of metal
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

(rail transport) the rail tracks owned by a company or organisation; a rail network
It was appropriate that 'King' number 6000 began the return to steam on British Rail metals in 1971.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Metals

Materials that are typically hard, malleable, and ductile, with good thermal and electrical conductivity.
Iron, a metal, is essential for construction due to its strength.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is the most common use of metals?

Metals are commonly used in construction, wiring, and manufacturing due to their strength and conductivity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

What is a unique feature of metals?

Metals can be hammered into thin sheets (malleability) or drawn into wires (ductility).
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

How do metalloids differ from nonmetals?

Metalloids have some metallic properties, unlike nonmetals which generally do not.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Are metals typically reactive?

Metals vary in reactivity; some, like alkali metals, are very reactive, while others, like platinum, are not.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Can metalloids conduct heat?

Metalloids generally conduct heat less efficiently than metals.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

What are metalloids?

Metalloids are elements with properties between metals and nonmetals.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Can metals be liquid?

Most metals are solid at room temperature, but mercury is a liquid metal.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Are metalloids used in alloys?

Metalloids are sometimes used in alloys but are more significant in the semiconductor industry.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Are metalloids good conductors of electricity?

Metalloids have variable electrical conductivity, often dependent on temperature.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

What is a key use of metalloids?

Metalloids are widely used in the semiconductor industry.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

What are metals?

Metals are elements with high electrical and thermal conductivity, luster, and malleability.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Are all metals shiny?

Most metals have a characteristic luster, especially when polished.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Do metalloids react with water?

Metalloids generally have less reactivity with water compared to metals.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Can metals be nonmagnetic?

Yes, not all metals are magnetic. For example, copper and aluminum are nonmagnetic.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

What distinguishes metals from other elements on the periodic table?

Metals are distinguished by their high conductivity, malleability, and often high density.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Can metals be transparent?

Metals are generally opaque, whereas some metalloids can be semitransparent.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Are all metalloids used in electronics?

Many, but not all, metalloids have applications in electronics due to their semiconductor properties.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Is silicon a metal or a metalloid?

Silicon is a metalloid, with properties between metals and nonmetals.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Are metalloids found in nature?

Yes, metalloids like silicon and boron are naturally occurring elements.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Do metals have a high melting point?

Most metals have high melting points, but there are exceptions like mercury.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

LTE vs. CDMALTE vs. CDMA
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a 4G wireless communication standard with high-speed data transfer, while CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) is an older 2G/3G technology for mobile networks.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
Moms vs. Mom'sMoms vs. Mom’s
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 22, 2024
"Moms" is the plural form of "mom," referring to multiple mothers, while "Mom's" is the possessive form of "mom," indicating something belongs to or is related to a mother.
Goth vs. AltGoth vs. Alt
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 5, 2024
Goth is a dark, often Victorian-influenced subculture and style, while Alt (alternative) is a broader term encompassing non-mainstream styles and attitudes.
Gorilla Glass vs. Panda GlassGorilla Glass vs. Panda Glass
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 5, 2024
Gorilla Glass is a highly durable, scratch-resistant glass used in electronic devices, while Panda Glass is a similar protective glass known for its high transparency and toughness.
Celsius vs. KelvinCelsius vs. Kelvin
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Celsius is a temperature scale with 0°C as water's freezing point and 100°C its boiling point, while Kelvin is an absolute scale starting at absolute zero (0 K).
Nike Air Force 1 LE vs. Nike Air Force 1 '07Nike Air Force 1 LE vs. Nike Air Force 1 ’07
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 16, 2024
Nike Air Force 1 LE often represents limited edition releases with unique designs, while Nike Air Force 1 '07 is a modern version of the classic, maintaining the iconic style with updated materials.
Tap Root vs. Fibrous RootTap Root vs. Fibrous Root
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 28, 2024
Tap root is a single, thick primary root growing vertically downward, while fibrous root is a network of many thin roots spreading out near the surface.
Formal Assessment vs. Informal AssessmentFormal Assessment vs. Informal Assessment
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Formal assessments are structured and standardized, while informal assessments are flexible and observational.
Manual Filing vs. E-FilingManual Filing vs. E-Filing
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 21, 2024
Manual Filing involves physically submitting documents, often in paper form. E-Filing is the process of submitting documents electronically, often through dedicated platforms or email.
Slavic Facial Features vs. Germanic Facial FeaturesSlavic Facial Features vs. Germanic Facial Features
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 31, 2024
Slavic facial features often include high cheekbones and rounder faces, while Germanic facial features typically have sharper angles and stronger jawlines.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
Benzyl Chloride vs. Benzoyl ChlorideBenzyl Chloride vs. Benzoyl Chloride
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 3, 2024
Benzyl Chloride is a chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbon used in organic synthesis, while Benzoyl Chloride is an acyl chloride used as a reagent in chemistry.
Login vs. LogonLogin vs. Logon
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Login" and "Logon" are often used interchangeably to describe the process of gaining access to a computer system, but "login" can also refer to the credentials used for access.
Smart TV vs. Android TVSmart TV vs. Android TV
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Smart TV is an internet-connected television with a variety of apps, while an Android TV is specifically a Smart TV powered by Google's Android TV operating system.
CeraVe vs. LubridermCeraVe vs. Lubriderm
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 8, 2024
CeraVe and Lubriderm are both skincare brands; CeraVe focuses on ceramide-rich formulas, while Lubriderm is known for its basic, gentle moisturizers.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
Pycharm Community vs. Pycharm ProPycharm Community vs. Pycharm Pro
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
PyCharm Community is a free, open-source IDE for Python development, while PyCharm Pro is a paid version with additional advanced features like web development support and database tools.
City vs. CountryCity vs. Country
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
The city is a large, densely populated urban area, while the country refers to rural areas, often associated with nature and agriculture.
Happen vs. OccurHappen vs. Occur
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Happen" refers to events or actions taking place, often with an unplanned or casual connotation, while "occur" implies events or phenomena that take place, often with a more formal or scientific tone.
Poster vs. InfographicPoster vs. Infographic
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Poster is a large printed image or notice for public display, while an Infographic is a visual representation of information or data.
Fluid vs. LiquidFluid vs. Liquid
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 13, 2024
Fluids encompass all substances that flow (including gases and liquids), while liquids specifically refer to fluids with a definite volume but no fixed shape, adapting to their container.
Interviewer vs. IntervieweeInterviewer vs. Interviewee
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
The interviewer conducts the interview, asking questions and guiding the conversation, while the interviewee is the one responding and being evaluated.
FHSS vs. DSSSFHSS vs. DSSS
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 25, 2024
FHSS (Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum) uses rapid frequency changes within a band. DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum) spreads signals over a wider frequency using a code.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons