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Objectivism vs. Subjectivism: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Objectivism asserts that reality exists independently of consciousness, while Subjectivism holds that reality is shaped by personal perceptions and experiences.
Objectivism vs. Subjectivism

Key Differences

Objectivism posits that truth and reality exist independently of human thoughts or beliefs, emphasizing factual and empirical evidence. In contrast, Subjectivism argues that reality and truth are relative to individual perceptions, influenced by personal experiences and emotions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 06, 2023
In Objectivism, knowledge is obtained through objective observation and reasoning, with a belief in universal truths. Conversely, Subjectivism places importance on personal perspective and context, asserting that different individuals can have valid but differing interpretations of the same phenomenon.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 06, 2023
Objectivism is often associated with scientific inquiry and logical analysis, seeking to uncover objective truths about the world. Subjectivism, on the other hand, is linked with the arts and personal expression, where interpretations are seen as inherently subjective and varied.
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Ethically, Objectivism advocates for objective principles of right and wrong, independent of personal feelings. In Subjectivism, moral values are seen as personal or culturally relative, varying from person to person or society to society.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 06, 2023
Objectivism typically leads to a more universal and consistent approach to knowledge and ethics, while Subjectivism allows for a more diverse and individualistic understanding of reality and morality.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Comparison Chart

Basis of Truth

Independent of human perception
Based on individual perception
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Approach to Knowledge

Empirical, objective
Personal, subjective
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Ethical Standpoint

Universal principles
Personal or culturally relative values
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Interpretation of Reality

Fixed and discoverable
Variable, dependent on personal view
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Application in Disciplines

Science, logical analysis
Arts, personal expression
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Nature of Morality

Absolute and objective
Relative and individualistic
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Perception of Universal Truth

Exists and is discoverable
Varies based on individual experiences
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Objectivism and Subjectivism Definitions

Objectivism

Objectivism advocates for objective knowledge based on empirical evidence.
Objectivism supports the idea that mathematical principles are universally true.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 06, 2023

Subjectivism

Subjectivism is the belief that reality is perceived and interpreted subjectively by individuals.
Subjectivism implies that two people might understand the same event differently.
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Objectivism

Objectivism upholds the existence of absolute moral truths.
Objectivism argues that certain ethical principles are universally valid.
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Subjectivism

Subjectivism holds that knowledge and truth are influenced by personal perspectives.
In Subjectivism, an artwork's meaning varies with each viewer's interpretation.
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Objectivism

Objectivism emphasizes rationality and logical reasoning.
Objectivism rejects emotional reasoning in favor of logical analysis.
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Subjectivism

Subjectivism is the philosophy that perceptions and emotions influence how we see the world.
Subjectivism argues that emotions play a crucial role in interpreting experiences.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 06, 2023

Objectivism

Objectivism is the belief that reality exists independently of consciousness.
In Objectivism, scientific facts remain true regardless of individual beliefs.
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Dec 06, 2023

Subjectivism

Subjectivism emphasizes the importance of personal experience in shaping reality.
Subjectivism values personal narratives as a source of truth.
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Objectivism

Objectivism is the philosophy that human cognition and perception can objectively understand reality.
Objectivism posits that through reason, humans can discover objective truths about the world.
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Subjectivism

Subjectivism asserts that moral values are relative to individual beliefs.
Subjectivism suggests that what is ethical can differ from person to person.
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Objectivism

(Philosophy) One of several doctrines holding that all reality is objective and external to the mind and that knowledge is reliably based on observed objects and events.
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Oct 19, 2023

Subjectivism

The quality of being subjective.
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Objectivism

An emphasis on objects rather than feelings or thoughts in literature or art.
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Oct 19, 2023

Subjectivism

The doctrine that all knowledge is restricted to the conscious self and its sensory states.
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Oct 19, 2023

Objectivism

Objectivism A school of modernist poetry emphasizing the poem itself as object, rather than focusing on its ostensible content.
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Subjectivism

A theory or doctrine that emphasizes the subjective elements in experience.
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Oct 19, 2023

Objectivism

The state of being objective; objectivity.
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Subjectivism

Any of various theories holding that the only valid standard of judgment is that of the individual. For example, ethical subjectivism holds that individual conscience is the only appropriate standard for moral judgment.
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Oct 19, 2023

Objectivism

Moral objectivism.
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Subjectivism

(metaphysics) The doctrine that reality is created or shaped by the mind.
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Oct 19, 2023

Objectivism

(philosophy) Any of several doctrines that holds that all of reality is objective and exists outside of the mind.
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Oct 19, 2023

Subjectivism

(epistemology) The doctrine that knowledge is based in feelings or intuition.
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Objectivism

The specific objectivist philosophy created by novelist Ayn Rand, endorsing logical reasoning and self-interest.
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Oct 19, 2023

Subjectivism

(ethics) The doctrine that values and moral principles come from attitudes, convention, whim, or preference.
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Oct 19, 2023

Subjectivism

Any philosophical doctrine which refers all knowledge to, and founds it upon, any subjective states; egoism.
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Oct 19, 2023

Subjectivism

(philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge and value are dependent on and limited by your subjective experience
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Subjectivism

The quality of being subjective
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

How does Objectivism view knowledge?

Objectivism views knowledge as objective and attainable through reason and empirical evidence.
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Dec 06, 2023

Can Objectivism and Subjectivism coexist?

While they are fundamentally different, some philosophical perspectives may integrate elements of both Objectivism and Subjectivism.
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How does Objectivism handle moral questions?

Objectivism approaches moral questions with the belief in absolute, objective ethical principles.
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What is the core belief of Objectivism?

Objectivism asserts that reality exists independently of human thoughts or perceptions.
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What does Subjectivism emphasize?

Subjectivism emphasizes that reality and truth are shaped by individual perceptions and experiences.
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How does art relate to Subjectivism?

Art often relates to Subjectivism, valuing personal interpretation and emotional response.
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Is personal experience important in Subjectivism?

Yes, personal experience is central in Subjectivism, influencing how individuals perceive and interpret reality.
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Can Objectivism accept different perspectives?

Objectivism accepts different perspectives as long as they are based on rational analysis and factual evidence.
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Does Objectivism deny the importance of emotions?

Objectivism doesn't deny the importance of emotions but prioritizes rationality and logic in understanding reality.
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Is science aligned more with Objectivism or Subjectivism?

Science is generally more aligned with Objectivism, focusing on objective, empirical evidence.
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How does Subjectivism view ethical relativism?

Subjectivism often supports ethical relativism, where moral values are seen as relative to individual or cultural perspectives.
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Can Objectivism lead to dogmatism?

If not balanced with open-mindedness, Objectivism can lead to dogmatism.
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Is Objectivism compatible with spiritual beliefs?

Objectivism is typically secular and may not align with certain spiritual beliefs that rely on subjective experiences.
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What role do emotions play in Subjectivism?

In Subjectivism, emotions are significant in shaping one's perception of reality and understanding of truth.
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Can personal biases affect Subjectivism?

Yes, personal biases can significantly influence Subjectivism, as it relies on individual perspectives.
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Is democracy more aligned with Objectivism or Subjectivism?

Democracy incorporates elements of both, with laws based on objective principles (Objectivism) and individual freedoms and perceptions valued (Subjectivism).
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Can Subjectivism contribute to cultural understanding?

Yes, Subjectivism can enhance cultural understanding by valuing diverse individual and cultural perspectives.
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How does Objectivism view individual rights?

Objectivism strongly advocates for individual rights based on the belief in objective human nature and ethics.
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Does Subjectivism imply that all opinions are equally valid?

Subjectivism suggests that different opinions can be valid, but it doesn't necessarily mean all opinions are equally valid.
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How does Subjectivism handle contradictions in perception?

Subjectivism acknowledges that contradictions in perception are natural, reflecting diverse personal experiences.
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Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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