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Judgement vs. Decree: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 21, 2024
Judgment is a court's final decision or ruling on a legal matter, whereas a decree is a formal order by a court in civil cases, often embodying the judgment.
Judgement vs. Decree

Key Differences

Judgment is a formal decision made by a court following a legal proceeding. It represents the conclusion of the court based on the facts and law presented. Conversely, a decree is a specific type of judgment, typically used in civil court cases. It is an official order that concludes the case, often detailing the court's direction regarding the matter.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
In the context of law, judgment is a broad term encompassing any court's final decision. It signifies the end of a legal dispute and can include the court's findings, reasoning, and rulings. A decree, on the other hand, is more specific. It usually applies to civil law and formalizes the court's ruling, particularly in matters of divorce, property disputes, or injunctions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
A judgment can take various forms, such as declaratory, summary, or default judgments, depending on the nature of the case and the legal process involved. Decrees are divided into two main types: preliminary and final. A preliminary decree outlines temporary orders before a final decision, while a final decree completes a legal proceeding, leaving no further issues to be addressed.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
In criminal law, a judgment includes the court's verdict (guilty or not guilty) and the sentence if there is a conviction. In contrast, decrees are not applicable in criminal cases. They are exclusive to civil law, where they often require specific actions or resolutions from the parties involved.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
Both judgment and decree are critical in the legal process, but their applicability differs based on the case type and legal system. While every decree is a judgment, not every judgment is a decree. Understanding this distinction is crucial for legal practitioners and those involved in legal proceedings.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Legal Scope

Broader, applies to criminal and civil law
Specific to civil law cases
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Jan 21, 2024

Types

Various, including declaratory and summary
Preliminary and final
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Jan 21, 2024

Criminal Law

Involves verdict and sentencing
Not applicable
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Jan 21, 2024

Civil Law

General court decision
Formal order with specific directions
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Jan 21, 2024

Finality

Can be interim or final
Often signifies the end of a case
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Jan 21, 2024
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Judgement and Decree Definitions

Judgement

The ability to make considered decisions.
Her good judgment saved us from a bad investment.
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Jan 08, 2024

Decree

A decision made by a court of law.
The decree in the civil case awarded damages to the claimant.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Judgement

The process of estimating or assessing something.
The appraiser's judgment of the antique was highly valued.
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Jan 08, 2024

Decree

An official order issued by a legal authority.
The court's decree finalized the divorce.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Judgement

A court's final decision or ruling in a case.
The judgment in the lawsuit was in favor of the plaintiff.
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Jan 08, 2024
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Decree

A formal and authoritative order.
The king's decree established the new law.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Judgement

The forming of an opinion or evaluation.
His judgment of the situation was accurate.
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Jan 08, 2024

Decree

An edict or law promulgated by a state authority.
The government's decree on trade impacted global markets.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Judgement

A misfortune viewed as a divine punishment.
They saw the flood as a judgment against their excesses.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Decree

A formal pronouncement.
The council's decree set new town guidelines.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Judgement

Variant of judgment.
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Jan 05, 2024

Decree

An authoritative order having the force of law.
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Judgement

Alternative spelling of judgment.
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Jan 05, 2024

Decree

The judgment of a court of equity.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 05, 2024

Judgement

The legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision;
Opinions are usually written by a single judge
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 05, 2024

Decree

The judgment of a court.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Judgement

An opinion formed by judging something;
He was reluctant to make his judgment known
She changed her mind
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Decree

A doctrinal or disciplinary act of an ecclesiastical authority.
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Judgement

The cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
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Shumaila Saeed
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Decree

An administrative act applying or interpreting articles of canon law.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Judgement

Ability to make good judgments
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Shumaila Saeed
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Decree

To order, establish, or decide by decree
Decreed that the two kingdoms would be united.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Judgement

The capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
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Shumaila Saeed
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Decree

To issue a decree.
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Judgement

(law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
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Shumaila Saeed
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Decree

An edict or law.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Judgement

The act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;
They criticized my judgment of the contestants
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Jan 05, 2024

Decree

(legal) The judicial decision in a litigated cause rendered by a court of equity.
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Jan 05, 2024

Decree

(legal) The determination of a cause in a court of admiralty or court of probate.
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Decree

(religion) A predetermination made by God; an act of providence.
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Jan 05, 2024

Decree

To command by a decree.
A court decrees a restoration of property.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Decree

An order from one having authority, deciding what is to be done by a subordinate; also, a determination by one having power, deciding what is to be done or to take place; edict, law; authoritative ru decision.
There went out a decree from Cæsar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.
Poor hand, why quiverest thou at this decree?
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 05, 2024

Decree

A decision, order, or sentence, given in a cause by a court of equity or admiralty.
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Jan 05, 2024

Decree

An edict or law made by a council for regulating any business within their jurisdiction; as, the decrees of ecclesiastical councils.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 05, 2024

Decree

To determine judicially by authority, or by decree; to constitute by edict; to appoint by decree or law; to determine; to order; to ordain; as, a court decrees a restoration of property.
Thou shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be established unto thee.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 05, 2024

Decree

To ordain by fate.
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Decree

To make decrees; - used absolutely.
Father eternal! thine is to decree;Mine, both in heaven and earth to do thy will.
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Decree

A legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge);
A friend in New Mexico said that the order caused no trouble out there
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 05, 2024

Decree

Issue a decree;
The King only can decree
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Jan 05, 2024

Decree

Decide with authority;
The King decreed that all first-born males should be killed
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Jan 05, 2024

Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is a judgment in legal terms?

It's a court's final decision or ruling on a legal matter.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

What does a decree in law mean?

A decree is a formal order by a court in civil cases, often embodying a judgment.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Is a decree final?

A final decree concludes the legal matter, but a preliminary decree may precede it.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Can a judgment be appealed?

Yes, judgments can often be appealed in higher courts.
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Jan 21, 2024

Is a judgment a public record?

Generally, yes, judgments are public records.
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Jan 21, 2024

How is a judgment enforced?

Through various legal means like garnishment or property liens, depending on the judgment type.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

What's the difference between a decree and an order?

A decree finalizes a case, while an order may not and can be interim.
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Jan 21, 2024

Who issues a decree?

A decree is issued by a judge or court in a civil case.
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Jan 21, 2024

Can a judgment be modified?

In some cases, courts can modify judgments, especially in family law.
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Jan 21, 2024

What's a declaratory judgment?

It's a court statement on the legal status or rights of parties without ordering action.
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Jan 21, 2024

Can judgments accrue interest?

Yes, some judgments accrue interest until they are paid.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Are all decrees judgments?

Yes, all decrees are a form of judgment, but not all judgments are decrees.
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Jan 21, 2024

How long is a decree valid?

A decree remains valid until it is executed, modified, or appealed.
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Jan 21, 2024

Are judgments enforceable internationally?

Enforcement depends on treaties and agreements between countries.
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Jan 21, 2024

Can a judgment affect credit?

Yes, judgments can negatively impact a person's credit score.
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Jan 21, 2024

Can I challenge a judgment?

Yes, through appeals or specific legal motions.
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Jan 21, 2024

What happens after a decree is issued?

Parties must comply with the decree, or it can be enforced by law.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Is a divorce decree different from other decrees?

It's a type of decree specifically for finalizing divorces.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

Does a decree require action?

Often, a decree requires specific actions or compliance from the parties involved.
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Jan 21, 2024

What's a summary judgment?

It's a judgment given on the basis of statements and evidence without a full trial.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 21, 2024

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Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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