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Jews vs. Christians: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Jews follow Judaism, emphasizing Torah and Talmud; Christians follow Christianity, centering on Jesus Christ's teachings and resurrection.
Jews vs. Christians

Key Differences

Jews adhere to Judaism, a monotheistic religion with a rich historical and cultural heritage rooted in the Hebrew Bible. Christians, on the other hand, follow Christianity, which is also monotheistic but centers on the life, teachings, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, whom they consider the Son of God and savior of humanity.
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Nov 16, 2023
The religious texts for Jews include the Torah, which is part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible, and the Talmud, a collection of rabbinic writings and interpretations. Christians primarily follow the Bible, which consists of the Old Testament (shared with Judaism) and the New Testament, focusing on Jesus' life and the early church.
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Nov 16, 2023
In Judaism, Jews observe holidays like Passover, Rosh Hashanah, and Yom Kippur, which are deeply rooted in their history and traditions. Christians celebrate holidays such as Easter, commemorating Jesus' resurrection, and Christmas, celebrating his birth, reflecting key events in Christian theology.
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Jews have various sects like Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform, each with its interpretations and practices of Jewish law and tradition. Christianity also has multiple denominations, including Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodoxy, each with its own doctrines and worship styles.
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The concept of Messiah differs significantly; Jews await a future Messiah who will restore Israel and bring peace, whereas Christians believe Jesus was the Messiah, fulfilling prophecies and offering salvation.
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Comparison Chart

Religious Texts

Torah, part of the Tanakh
Bible, including Old and New Testaments
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Key Figure

Abraham, Moses
Jesus Christ
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Place of Worship

Synagogue
Church
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Spiritual Leaders

Rabbis
Priests, Pastors
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Major Holidays

Passover, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur
Easter, Christmas
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Jews and Christians Definitions

Jews

Jews are followers of Judaism, a monotheistic religion.
The Jews observe Yom Kippur, a day of atonement and reflection.
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Christians

Christians are followers of Christianity, a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Christians around the world celebrate Easter to mark the resurrection of Jesus.
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Jews

Jews are an ethnoreligious group originating from the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Many Jews celebrate their heritage during the festival of Hanukkah.
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Christians

Christians are individuals who believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ and the teachings of the New Testament.
Many Christians attend church services on Sundays.
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Jews

Jews are individuals who identify with the culture and religion passed down from the Jewish people.
In New York, Jews form a vibrant and diverse community.
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Christians

Christians also refer to members of the Christian community, sharing a common faith in Christ.
The Christians in the neighborhood organize charity events during Christmas.
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Jews

Jews can also denote those belonging to the Jewish ethnicity, regardless of religious adherence.
Despite not being religious, he identifies as culturally Jewish.
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Christians

Christians are people who partake in sacraments like baptism and communion as acts of faith.
Christians receive baptism as a symbol of faith and commitment to God.
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Jews

Jews often refer to people who adhere to Jewish laws and traditions.
Orthodox Jews strictly observe the Sabbath from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday.
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Christians

Professing belief in Jesus as Christ or following the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
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Jews

To bargain shrewdly or unfairly with. Often used with down.
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Christians

Relating to or derived from Jesus or Jesus's teachings.
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Jews

To haggle so as to reduce (a price). Often used with down.
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Christians

Manifesting the qualities or spirit of Jesus, especially in showing concern for others.
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Jews

An adherent of Judaism as a religion or culture.
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Christians

Relating to or characteristic of Christianity or its adherents.
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Jews

A member of the widely dispersed people originally descended from the ancient Hebrews and sharing an ethnic heritage based on Judaism.
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Christians

One who professes belief in Jesus as Christ or follows a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
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Jews

A native or inhabitant of the ancient kingdom of Judah.
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Christians

One who lives according to the teachings of Jesus.
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Jews

Plural of jew
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Christians

Plural of christian
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Jews

Nonstandard spelling of Jews
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Christians

Christians often belong to various denominations with diverse beliefs and practices.
Catholics and Protestants are different denominations within Christians.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

What are the main sects within Judaism?

The main sects within Judaism are Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform.
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What is the primary religious text for Jews?

The primary religious texts for Jews are the Torah and the Talmud.
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Do Jews believe in Jesus as the Messiah?

Jews do not believe in Jesus as the Messiah, awaiting a future Messiah instead.
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What is the significance of Easter for Christians?

Easter is significant for Christians as it commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
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Who is the central figure in Christianity?

The central figure in Christianity is Jesus Christ.
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Are there cultural Jews who are not religious?

Yes, there are cultural Jews who identify with Jewish heritage but are not religiously observant.
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What are the main Christian denominations?

The main Christian denominations are Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodoxy.
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How do Jewish dietary laws differ from Christian practices?

Jewish dietary laws, known as kosher, are strict, while Christians generally have no specific dietary restrictions.
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What is the Christian Bible composed of?

The Christian Bible is composed of the Old Testament and the New Testament.
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What is the Jewish concept of God?

Jews believe in a single, omnipotent, omniscient, and compassionate God.
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What is the Jewish Sabbath and how is it observed?

The Jewish Sabbath, or Shabbat, is a day of rest observed from Friday evening to Saturday evening.
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What are the differences in worship between Jews and Christians?

Jews worship in synagogues led by rabbis, while Christians worship in churches led by priests or pastors.
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How do Jews view the afterlife?

Jewish views on the afterlife vary, with a focus more on life here and now than on the hereafter.
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What is a Bar or Bat Mitzvah in Judaism?

A Bar or Bat Mitzvah is a Jewish coming-of-age ceremony for boys and girls, respectively.
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What is the significance of communion in Christianity?

Communion, or the Eucharist, is a Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper of Jesus with his disciples.
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How do Jewish holidays differ from Christian holidays?

Jewish holidays, such as Passover and Yom Kippur, are rooted in biblical history, while Christian holidays, like Easter and Christmas, celebrate events in the life of Jesus.
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Shumaila Saeed
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What role does baptism play in Christianity?

Baptism in Christianity is a sacrament symbolizing purification and admission to the Christian community.
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Can one convert to Judaism or Christianity?

Yes, people can convert to both Judaism and Christianity through specific processes in each religion.
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What is the Christian view of salvation?

Christians believe salvation is achieved through faith in Jesus Christ and his sacrifice for humanity's sins.
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How do Christians view the Virgin Mary?

Christians, especially Catholics, view the Virgin Mary as the mother of Jesus and venerate her.
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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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