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Cytokinesis in Plant Cell vs. Cytokinesis in Animal Cell: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Cytokinesis in plant cells involves the formation of a cell plate, while in animal cells, it occurs through cleavage furrow constriction.
Cytokinesis in Plant Cell vs. Cytokinesis in Animal Cell

Key Differences

In plant cells, cytokinesis is characterized by the formation of a cell plate at the center, which eventually develops into a new cell wall; whereas in animal cells, cytokinesis involves the pinching of the cell membrane, known as a cleavage furrow.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
Cytokinesis in plant cells requires the build-up of components like cellulose to form a new wall, contrasting with animal cells where actin and myosin fibers play a crucial role in constricting the cell membrane during cytokinesis.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
Due to the presence of a rigid cell wall, plant cells undergo cytokinesis by assembling a cell plate inside the cell, while animal cells, lacking such a structure, can directly constrict the membrane to divide.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
The process of cytokinesis in plant cells is generally slower due to the complex construction of the cell plate, compared to the relatively faster cytokinesis in animal cells driven by the mechanical action of the cleavage furrow.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
Spatial regulation of cytokinesis differs in plant and animal cells, with plant cells organizing at the former metaphase plate, whereas animal cells exhibit cytokinesis anywhere along the equatorial plane of the cell.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Mechanism of Division

Formation of a cell plate
Pinching by cleavage furrow
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Structural Requirements

Cellulose for new cell wall
Actin and myosin fibers
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Presence of Cell Wall

Yes, formation of new cell wall
No, absence of cell wall
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Speed of Process

Generally slower
Relatively faster
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Spatial Regulation

Occurs at former metaphase plate
Occurs along the equatorial plane
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Cytokinesis in Plant Cell and Cytokinesis in Animal Cell Definitions

Cytokinesis in Plant Cell

Involves building a cell plate that becomes a cell wall.
Cytokinesis in plant cells ensures the structural integrity of each new cell.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Cytokinesis in Animal Cell

Actin and myosin fibers facilitate the cell division process.
Protein fibers are crucial for the mechanics of cytokinesis in animal cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Cytokinesis in Plant Cell

Occurs specifically at the site of the former metaphase plate.
Spatial regulation of cytokinesis in plant cells is highly precise.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Cytokinesis in Animal Cell

Can occur anywhere along the cell's equatorial plane.
The flexibility of division location characterizes cytokinesis in animal cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Cytokinesis in Plant Cell

A process requiring the assembly of cellulose and other components.
Cell plate formation during cytokinesis in plant cells is a complex process.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023
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Cytokinesis in Animal Cell

A relatively faster process compared to plant cells.
Rapid tissue repair is aided by the speed of cytokinesis in animal cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Cytokinesis in Plant Cell

A slower process due to the construction of a cell plate.
The rate of plant growth is influenced by the speed of cytokinesis in plant cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Cytokinesis in Animal Cell

Involves the formation of a cleavage furrow to split the cell.
The cleavage furrow plays a vital role in cytokinesis in animal cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Cytokinesis in Plant Cell

The division of a plant cell's cytoplasm by forming a new cell wall.
During plant growth, cytokinesis in plant cells is essential for forming new cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Cytokinesis in Animal Cell

The division of an animal cell's cytoplasm through membrane constriction.
Cytokinesis in animal cells is key to tissue regeneration.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is cytokinesis in plant cells?

It's the division of the plant cell's cytoplasm, resulting in the formation of a new cell wall.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

How does the cell wall affect cytokinesis in plant cells?

The rigid cell wall requires the formation of a cell plate to facilitate cytokinesis.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

What is the role of cellulose in cytokinesis in plant cells?

Cellulose is a key component in building the new cell wall during cytokinesis.
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Nov 16, 2023

Can cytokinesis in plant cells occur anywhere in the cell?

No, it specifically occurs at the site of the former metaphase plate.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

How does the speed of cytokinesis compare between plant and animal cells?

Cytokinesis is generally slower in plant cells due to the complex cell plate formation.
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Nov 16, 2023

What characterizes cytokinesis in animal cells?

It involves the pinching of the cell membrane to divide the cytoplasm.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

What determines the site of cytokinesis in animal cells?

It occurs along the equatorial plane, but the exact location can vary.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Does cytokinesis in animal cells occur faster than in plant cells?

Yes, due to the mechanical action of the cleavage furrow, it's faster in animal cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Do animal cells always use a cleavage furrow for cytokinesis?

Yes, the cleavage furrow is a common feature in animal cell cytokinesis.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Are there any exceptions to the cytokinesis process in animal cells?

Generally, the process is consistent, but minor variations can occur in different cell types.
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Why don't animal cells form a cell plate during cytokinesis?

Animal cells lack a rigid cell wall, allowing direct constriction of the membrane.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Are actin and myosin involved in plant cell cytokinesis?

No, these proteins are primarily involved in cytokinesis in animal cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Is cytokinesis the same in all plant cells?

While the basic mechanism is similar, there can be variations among different plant types.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Can cytokinesis in plant cells be observed under a microscope?

Yes, the formation of the cell plate can be observed under a microscope.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Is cytokinesis the final step in cell division for both plant and animal cells?

Yes, it's the final step, following mitosis, in both plant and animal cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

How do actin and myosin contribute to cytokinesis in animal cells?

They facilitate the constriction of the cell membrane to divide the cell.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

How does cytokinesis contribute to plant growth?

It allows for the formation of new plant cells, essential for growth and development.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

What happens to the cell plate after cytokinesis in plant cells?

It becomes the new cell wall, separating the two daughter cells.
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Shumaila Saeed
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What is the significance of cytokinesis in animal cell development?

It's crucial for tissue growth, repair, and maintaining the proper cell number.
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Shumaila Saeed
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How is the cell plate formed in plant cells during cytokinesis?

It's formed by the assembly of cellulose and other components at the cell's center.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

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Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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