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Gazelle vs. Antelope: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 26, 2023
Gazelles are small, swift antelopes with ringed horns and slender builds, while antelopes are a broader group of even-toed ungulates with diverse sizes and horn shapes.
Gazelle vs. Antelope

Key Differences

Gazelles are a specific genus within the antelope family, known for their slender, elegant build and remarkable speed, characteristics that differentiate them from other antelopes. While all gazelles are antelopes, not all antelopes are gazelles, as the antelope category includes a wider range of species with varying attributes.
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Dec 26, 2023
Gazelles are often found in desert and savannah environments, showcasing adaptations like long, slim legs for swift movement, a trait setting them apart from some antelope species that inhabit forests or mountains. In contrast, the antelope family includes species with a variety of habitats and physical adaptations, making them a more diverse group.
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The size of gazelles tends to be smaller compared to many antelope species. This size difference is significant, as larger antelopes like elands can be substantially heavier and bulkier than the delicate and lighter gazelles.
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Horn structure in gazelles is typically ringed and curved, a distinct feature that varies widely among antelopes. Some antelope species have spiraled, twisted, or even straight horns, demonstrating the diversity within the antelope family.
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Behaviorally, gazelles are known for their agility and leaping abilities, often seen as a defensive mechanism against predators. While this is a common trait in many antelopes, the specific style and grace of gazelle movement are unique within the broader antelope category.
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Comparison Chart

Size

Generally smaller and lighter
Includes larger and heavier species
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Habitat

Predominantly savannahs and deserts
Wide range, including forests and mountains
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Horn Structure

Typically ringed and curved
Varied: spiral, twisted, or straight
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Movement

Known for agility and leaping
Diverse, some with similar agility
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Species Diversity

Limited to a specific genus
Broad group encompassing various genera
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Gazelle and Antelope Definitions

Gazelle

A gazelle is a small, fast antelope with slender features.
The gazelle sprinted across the savannah, its slender legs a blur.
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Antelope

An antelope is a member of a number of even-toed ungulate species.
The antelope grazed in the field, its horns glistening in the sun.
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Gazelle

These animals are known for their stamina and ability to evade predators.
The gazelle outran the chasing predator with remarkable stamina.
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Antelope

They play a key role in their ecosystems as prey and as grazers.
The antelope's grazing habits helped shape the landscape of the grasslands.
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Gazelle

They form an integral part of the ecosystem, serving as prey for larger carnivores.
The lioness targeted a gazelle, an essential part of her diet.
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Antelope

Antelopes vary in their habitat preferences, from forests to open plains.
The forest antelope moved stealthily through the dense undergrowth.
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Gazelle

Gazelles inhabit arid regions and grasslands.
Gazelles grazed peacefully in the grassland, alert for danger.
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Antelope

Antelopes are known for their diverse sizes and horn shapes.
Each antelope species in the reserve had distinctively shaped horns.
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Gazelle

Gazelles are characterized by their graceful movements and curved horns.
The gazelle's graceful leap over the bush was a display of its agility.
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Antelope

Any of various swift-running ruminant mammals of the family Bovidae, native to Africa and Eurasia and having unbranched horns.
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Gazelle

Any of various small, swift antelopes of the genus Gazella and related genera of Africa and Asia, characteristically having a slender neck and ringed horns.
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Antelope

A pronghorn.
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Gazelle

An antelope of either of the genera Gazella (mostly native to Africa) or Procapra (native to Asia), capable of running at high speeds for long periods.
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Antelope

Leather made from antelope hide.
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Gazelle

One of several small, swift, elegantly formed species of antelope, of the genus Gazella, esp. G. dorcas; - called also algazel, corinne, korin, and kevel. The gazelles are celebrated for the luster and soft expression of their eyes.
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Antelope

Any of several African mammals of the family Bovidae distinguished by hollow horns, which, unlike deer, they do not shed.
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Gazelle

Small swift graceful antelope of Africa and Asia having lustrous eyes
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Antelope

(US) The pronghorn, Antilocapra americana.
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Antelope

A fierce legendary creature said to live on the banks of the Euphrates, having long serrated horns and being hard to catch.
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Antelope

One of a group of ruminant quadrupeds, intermediate between the deer and the goat. The horns are usually annulated, or ringed. There are many species in Africa and Asia.
The antelope and wolf both fierce and fell.
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Antelope

Graceful Old World ruminant with long legs and horns directed upward and backward; includes gazelles; springboks; impalas; addax; gerenuks; blackbucks; dik-diks
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Antelope

These animals are primarily found in Africa but also in parts of Asia.
The antelope herd roamed the African savannah, a common sight in the region.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

What distinguishes an antelope from other animals?

Antelopes are even-toed ungulates with horns and diverse sizes, separate from other hoofed mammals.
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What are gazelles?

Gazelles are small, agile antelopes known for their speed and graceful movements.
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What do gazelles primarily eat?

Gazelles are herbivores and primarily graze on grasses and shrubs.
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What is the typical habitat of gazelles?

They inhabit various ecosystems, including grasslands, savannas, and deserts.
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Do gazelles have distinctive horns?

Yes, many gazelle species have curved, lyre-shaped horns.
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What are the main predators of gazelles?

Predators of gazelles include cheetahs, lions, and hyenas.
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Do gazelles migrate?

Yes, some gazelle species engage in seasonal migrations in search of food and water.
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Where are gazelles found?

Gazelles are found in Africa and southwestern Asia.
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Are antelopes known for their agility?

Yes, antelopes are known for their speed and agility, which helps them evade predators.
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Do all antelopes have horns?

Most antelopes have horns, although the size and shape of the horns vary between species.
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Are gazelles known for their speed?

Yes, gazelles are known for their exceptional speed and agility.
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Are gazelles endangered species?

Some gazelle species are threatened or endangered due to habitat loss and hunting.
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What do antelopes primarily eat?

Antelopes feed on various plant materials, including grasses, leaves, and shrubs.
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What is the typical habitat of antelopes?

They inhabit a wide range of ecosystems, from grasslands to forests and deserts.
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Do antelopes form herds?

Yes, many antelope species form herds for protection and social interactions.
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What are the natural predators of antelopes?

Predators of antelopes include lions, leopards, and cheetahs.
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Are antelopes endangered species?

Some antelope species are endangered due to habitat loss and poaching.
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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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