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Exception vs. Exemption: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Exception and exemption are two distinct terms with different meanings. An exception refers to an instance or case that does not conform to a general rule, while an exemption implies freedom from an obligation, duty, or rule.
Exception vs. Exemption

Key Differences

Exception refers to a specific instance that does not follow a general rule or pattern, often seen as a deviation or anomaly. Exemption, in contrast, implies a release or freedom from an obligation or rule that usually applies to others.
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When something is an exception, it typically stands out as a unique case or is distinguished from others due to its differences. Exemption, however, is more about being relieved from a requirement or condition that is generally imposed.
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Nov 20, 2023
The concept of an exception is often used in various contexts like rules, patterns, or trends, highlighting something that does not fit within established norms. Exemption, on the other hand, is a term commonly associated with laws, policies, or regulations, indicating a waiver from certain duties or requirements.
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In programming or logical contexts, an exception can refer to an error or an unexpected event that disrupts normal flow. In legal or regulatory contexts, exemption often deals with being spared from legal responsibilities, taxes, or other formal obligations.
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Nov 20, 2023
An exception can sometimes be seen as a loophole or a unique occurrence that challenges the norm. In contrast, an exemption is typically a planned or allowed deviation, often granted by an authority or through legislation, from what is normally required.
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Comparison Chart

Definition

A deviation from the norm or rule.
Freedom from an obligation or rule.
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Nov 20, 2023

Context

Often found in rules, patterns, or trends.
Common in legal, regulatory, or policy areas.
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Nature

Unexpected or unique occurrence.
Authorized or granted waiver.
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Implication

Highlights irregularities or anomalies.
Indicates legal or formal relief.
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Example Usage

"She was an exception to the rule."
"He had an exemption from military service."
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Exception and Exemption Definitions

Exception

A deviation from a standard or norm.
In a sea of conformity, her artistic style was a refreshing exception.
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Nov 20, 2023

Exemption

Waiver from a duty or liability.
The veteran had an exemption from certain state fees.
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Exception

An instance that is different from what is usual or expected.
His calm demeanor was an exception in the heated debate.
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Exemption

Special permission to be free from a restriction.
His exemption from the dress code was due to religious reasons.
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Exception

A special case that is treated differently.
As an exception, the teacher allowed late submissions.
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Exemption

Freedom from a rule or usual requirement.
The nonprofit was granted an exemption from taxes.
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Exception

A case that does not follow the established pattern.
This anomaly was an exception to the scientific theory.
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Exemption

Release from an obligation or requirement.
She received an exemption from jury duty due to her medical condition.
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Exception

The act of excepting or the condition of being excepted; exclusion.
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Oct 19, 2023

Exemption

The act or an instance of exempting.
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Exception

One that is excepted, especially a case that does not conform to a rule or generalization.
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Exemption

The state of being exempt; immunity.
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Exception

An objection or a criticism
Opinions that are open to exception.
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Exemption

An exception of certain property from bankruptcy or taxation.
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Exception

(Law) A formal protest against a ruling of the trial court on a question of law, such as the admissibility of a certain piece of evidence, to make clear for the record that the issue is being preserved for a potential appeal.
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Exemption

The deduction of a certain amount in the computation of net income with regard to taxation, allowed for an individual, that individual's dependents, and certain characteristics, such as blindness or age.
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Exception

The act of excepting or excluding; exclusion; restriction by taking out something which would otherwise be included, as in a class, statement, rule.
The exception of a rule
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Exemption

Excuse from performance of a legal duty, such as release from serving in the military or as a juror.
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Exception

That which is excluded from others; a person, thing, or case, specified as distinct, or not included.
That rule is usually true, but there are a few exceptions.
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Oct 19, 2023

Exemption

An act of exempting.
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Exception

(legal) An objection, on legal grounds; also, as in conveyancing, a clause by which the grantor excepts or reserves something before the right is transferred.
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Oct 19, 2023

Exemption

The state of being exempt; immunity.
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Exception

An objection; cavil; dissent; disapprobation; offense; cause of offense; — usually followed by to or against.
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Exemption

A deduction from the normal amount of taxes.
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Exception

(computing) An interruption in normal processing, typically caused by an error condition, that can be raised ("thrown") by one part of the program and handled ("caught") by another part.
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Exemption

Freedom from a defect or weakness.
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Exception

The act of excepting or excluding; exclusion; restriction by taking out something which would otherwise be included, as in a class, statement, rule.
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Oct 19, 2023

Exemption

The act of exempting; the state of being exempt; freedom from any charge, burden, evil, etc., to which others are subject; immunity; privilege; as, exemption of certain articles from seizure; exemption from military service; exemption from anxiety, suffering, etc.
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Exception

That which is excepted or taken out from others; a person, thing, or case, specified as distinct, or not included; as, almost every general rule has its exceptions.
Such rare exceptions, shining in the dark,Prove, rather than impeach, the just remark.
That proud exception to all nature's laws.
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Exemption

Immunity from an obligation or duty
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Exception

An objection, oral or written, taken, in the course of an action, as to bail or security; or as to the decision of a judge, in the course of a trail, or in his charge to a jury; or as to lapse of time, or scandal, impertinence, or insufficiency in a pleading; also, as in conveyancing, a clause by which the grantor excepts something before granted.
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Exemption

A deduction allowed to a taxpayer because of his status (having certain dependents or being blind or being over 65 etc.);
Additional exemptions are allowed for each dependent
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Oct 19, 2023

Exception

An objection; cavil; dissent; disapprobation; offense; cause of offense; - usually followed by to or against.
I will never answer what exceptions they can have against our account [relation].
He . . . took exception to the place of their burial.
She takes exceptions at your person.
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Oct 19, 2023

Exemption

An act exempting someone;
He was granted immunity from prosecution
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Exception

A deliberate act of omission;
With the exception of the children, everyone was told the news
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Exemption

Legal immunity or protection from a general rule.
There was an exemption in the law for historic buildings.
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Nov 20, 2023

Exception

An instance that does not conform to a rule or generalization;
All her children were brilliant; the only exception was her last child
An exception tests the rule
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Oct 19, 2023

Exception

Grounds for adverse criticism;
His authority is beyond exception
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Exception

An exclusion from a general statement or rule.
All students must attend the seminar, with the exception of seniors.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is an exception?

An exception is a case that does not follow a general rule or pattern.
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What does exemption mean?

Exemption refers to being free from an obligation, duty, or rule.
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How is an exception identified?

Through its deviation from what is standard or expected.
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Can an exception become a rule?

No, an exception, by definition, stands out from the rule.
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Can anyone grant an exemption?

Exemptions are typically granted by authorities or under specific policies.
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Do exceptions prove a rule?

This phrase is more idiomatic, suggesting that the existence of an exception confirms the rule exists.
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Are tax exemptions common?

Yes, tax exemptions are common in various legal systems.
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Is exemption always legal in nature?

Often, but not always; it can apply to any situation where obligations are waived.
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Can exemptions be temporary?

Yes, exemptions can be either temporary or permanent.
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Are exceptions always negative?

No, exceptions can be positive or neutral as well.
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Can an exception be planned?

Exceptions are usually unplanned, but some can be anticipated.
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Can exceptions be standardized?

Standardizing an exception can make it part of the rule, thus no longer an exception.
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Is every anomaly an exception?

Most anomalies can be seen as exceptions, but context matters.
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Can exemptions lead to unfair advantages?

Sometimes, especially if not applied equitably.
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Are exceptions always explicit?

Not always; some exceptions are implied or unspoken.
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How does one qualify for an exemption?

Qualifications depend on the specific requirements of the rule or law.
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Can exemptions be revoked?

Yes, exemptions can be revoked if conditions change or rules are amended.
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Do exceptions apply to everyone equally?

Exceptions can be specific to individuals or circumstances.
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Are exemptions only for individuals?

No, exemptions can apply to organizations, groups, or entities as well.
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Do exemptions apply internationally?

Exemptions are often jurisdiction-specific and may not apply internationally.
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Nov 20, 2023

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Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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