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Communism vs. Liberalism: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 11, 2024
Communism advocates for a classless, stateless society and communal ownership of resources. Liberalism focuses on individual rights, democracy, and free-market economics.
Communism vs. Liberalism

Key Differences

Communism is an ideology promoting a classless, stateless society where all property is communally owned. Liberalism, on the other hand, emphasizes individual freedom, constitutional rights, and a market-driven economy. While communism seeks to abolish private property, liberalism upholds private ownership and personal liberties.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
In communism, the goal is to distribute resources based on need, eliminating socio-economic classes. Liberalism values economic freedom, often leading to class distinctions based on wealth and opportunity. Communism envisions a collective society, whereas liberalism champions individual aspiration and success.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
Communism often involves a centralized government to manage the economy and society. Liberalism, conversely, advocates for limited government intervention, emphasizing individual choice and market forces. Communism seeks to control economic outcomes; liberalism allows for market-driven results.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
Political systems under communism frequently suppress political pluralism to maintain ideological unity. Liberalism encourages diverse political perspectives, valuing democratic processes and freedom of expression. Communism may limit personal freedoms for collective goals, while liberalism upholds these freedoms as paramount.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
Communism prioritizes community welfare over individual goals. Liberalism, in contrast, believes in the inherent rights of individuals, including freedom of speech and enterprise. While communism aims for a society without hierarchical structures, liberalism accepts hierarchies, provided they respect individual rights.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Comparison Chart

Economic System

Centrally planned economy
Market-driven economy
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Property Ownership

Collective or state ownership
Private and individual ownership
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Government's Role

Centralized and controlling
Limited, ensuring freedom and rights
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View on Individual Rights

Secondary to collective good
Fundamental and protected
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Political Structure

Often authoritarian, single-party
Democratic, multi-party systems
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Communism and Liberalism Definitions

Communism

A political and economic system aiming for a classless society.
Under communism, the state redistributes wealth to achieve equality.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Liberalism

A political philosophy valuing individual freedoms and rights.
Liberalism supports free speech and freedom of religion.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Communism

Ideology advocating for communal ownership of production.
In a communist society, factories and farms are owned collectively.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Liberalism

A doctrine emphasizing personal autonomy and choice.
Liberalism promotes the individual's right to choose their life path.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Communism

A doctrine based on Marxist principles of social organization.
Communism, as envisioned by Marx, aspired to end class struggles.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023
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Liberalism

An ideology advocating for democratic governance and free markets.
In liberalism, the market operates with minimal government intervention.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Communism

A system where the state plans and controls the economy.
Communism often involves government setting production goals and prices.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Liberalism

The state or quality of being liberal.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Communism

Movement to overthrow capitalist systems for a socialist order.
The communist revolution sought to replace the existing government with a workers' state.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Liberalism

A political theory founded on the natural goodness of humans and the autonomy of the individual and favoring civil and political liberties, government by law with the consent of the governed, and protection from arbitrary authority.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Communism

A theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members.
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Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

Often Liberalism The tenets or policies of a Liberal party.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Communism

A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

An economic theory in favor of laissez-faire, the free market, and the gold standard.
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Dec 13, 2023

Communism

The Marxist-Leninist doctrine advocating revolution to overthrow the capitalist system and establish a dictatorship of the proletariat that will eventually evolve into a perfectly egalitarian and communal society.
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Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

A 19th-century Protestant movement that favored free intellectual inquiry, stressed the ethical and humanitarian content of Christianity, and de-emphasized dogmatic theology.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Communism

Any far-left political ideology or philosophy advocating holding the production of resources collectively, especially by seizing it through revolution.
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Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

A 19th-century Roman Catholic movement that favored political democracy and ecclesiastical reform but was theologically orthodox.
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Dec 13, 2023

Communism

Any political social system that implements a communist political philosophy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

The quality of being liberal.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Communism

The international socialist society where classes, money, and the state no longer exist.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

(politics) Any political movement founded on the autonomy and personal freedom of the individual, progress and reform, and government by law with the consent of the governed.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Communism

A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

(economics) An economic ideology in favour of laissez faire and the free market (related to economic liberalism).
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Communism

A form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

Liberal principles; the principles and methods of the liberals in politics or religion; specifically, the principles of the Liberal party.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Communism

A political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

A political orientation that favors progress and reform
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

An economic theory advocating free competition and a self-regulating market and the gold standard
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Liberalism

A belief in the importance of equality before the law.
Liberalism emphasizes equal rights and justice for all citizens.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Liberalism

A tradition upholding private property and economic freedom.
Liberalism encourages entrepreneurship and private business ownership.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is liberalism?

Liberalism is a political ideology focusing on individual freedoms, democracy, and free-market principles.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What's the role of government in communism?

In communism, the government often has a central, controlling role in the economy and society.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What is communism?

Communism is a socio-economic system aiming for a classless, stateless society with communal property ownership.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How do communism and liberalism view property?

Communism advocates communal ownership, while liberalism supports private property rights.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What's the role of government in liberalism?

Liberalism advocates for a limited government role, prioritizing individual rights and freedoms.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What economic system does liberalism promote?

Liberalism favors a market-driven economy with minimal government interference.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Is communism inherently authoritarian?

While not inherently authoritarian, many communist governments have been.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Does communism support individual rights?

In communism, individual rights are often seen as secondary to the collective good.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How does liberalism view individual rights?

Liberalism places high importance on protecting and promoting individual rights and freedoms.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What economic system does communism promote?

Communism typically involves a centrally planned economy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What's the primary focus of liberalism?

The primary focus of liberalism is to protect individual liberties and promote a free-market economy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How do communism and liberalism differ in wealth distribution?

Communism seeks to distribute wealth based on need, while liberalism allows wealth disparities based on market outcomes.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Do communist societies have classes?

Communism aims to create a classless society, though in practice, some class structures may exist.
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Jan 11, 2024

What political systems are common in liberal societies?

Liberal societies often have multi-party democratic systems.
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Jan 11, 2024

How do liberal societies view market forces?

Liberal societies embrace market forces as key to economic organization.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Does liberalism support democracy?

Yes, liberalism strongly advocates for democratic governance and processes.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How do communist societies view market forces?

Communism typically rejects market forces, preferring planned economic activities.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Can communism and liberalism coexist?

Due to fundamental differences in values and economic systems, coexistence is challenging.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Can a society be both communist and liberal?

Due to differing core principles, especially regarding property and individual rights, such a combination is rare and complex.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What's the end goal of communism?

The end goal of communism is a classless, stateless society with equal distribution of resources.
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Jan 11, 2024

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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