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Agriculture vs. Horticulture: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 11, 2024
Agriculture involves the cultivation of land and breeding of animals for food, fiber, and other products, while horticulture focuses on cultivating plants for food, comfort, and beautification.
Agriculture vs. Horticulture

Key Differences

Agriculture is a broad sector encompassing the entire process of producing food, feed, fiber, and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals. Horticulture, on the other hand, is a subset of agriculture focused more specifically on plant cultivation, garden management, and landscaping.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
The scope of agriculture includes a wide range of activities and practices, from crop farming to livestock breeding. In contrast, horticulture deals primarily with the science, art, technology, and business of plant cultivation, including fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds, and non-food crops.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
Agriculture often involves large-scale operations and utilizes various technologies for cultivation, harvesting, and processing. Horticulture, while also using technology, tends to focus more on the intensive care and cultivation of plants in smaller, more controlled environments like gardens and greenhouses.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
In terms of research and education, agriculture covers a vast range of studies, from agronomy and animal science to agricultural economics. Horticulture, as a specialized field, delves into plant genetics, plant breeding, and the development of new plant cultivation techniques.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
Agriculture plays a crucial role in the global economy, supporting large-scale food production and supply chains. Horticulture, though smaller in scale, significantly contributes to food diversity, environmental sustainability, and the beautification of living spaces.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Scope

Broad, includes animal and plant cultivation
Primarily focused on plant cultivation
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Scale

Large-scale, extensive farming
Smaller, more controlled environments
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Objective

Food, fiber, and animal product production
Plant cultivation for food, comfort, beauty
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Techniques

Mechanized farming, large-scale irrigation
Intensive care, specialized cultivation
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Economic Contribution

Vital for global food supply and economy
Contributes to food diversity, environment
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Jan 11, 2024
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Agriculture and Horticulture Definitions

Agriculture

The science, art, and practice of cultivating soil, growing crops, and raising livestock.
The region's economy is heavily dependent on agriculture for its sustenance.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Horticulture

The art or practice of garden cultivation and management.
Horticulture has become a popular hobby for those interested in growing their own food.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Agriculture

The sector responsible for producing food, fiber, and other resources from natural resources.
Innovations in agriculture have significantly increased crop yields.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Horticulture

The practice of cultivating plants in gardens to produce food and medicinal ingredients.
Many ancient cultures relied heavily on horticulture for their dietary and medicinal needs.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Agriculture

An industry involving the systematic raising of plants and animals for human use.
Agriculture remains a key factor in rural development and sustainability.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023
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Horticulture

A branch of agriculture focused on growing plants for food, materials, comfort, and beauty.
The horticulture industry is vital for supplying plants for urban landscaping.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Agriculture

The practice of farming, including soil cultivation and the rearing of livestock.
Agriculture supports millions of livelihoods around the world.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Horticulture

The science of cultivating gardens to produce fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants.
Horticulture techniques vary greatly depending on the type of plant being grown.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Agriculture

The cultivation and breeding of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products.
Agriculture has evolved over millennia, adapting to changing human needs and technologies.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Horticulture

A discipline within agriculture that deals with plant conservation, landscape restoration, soil management, and garden design.
Horticulture plays a key role in creating sustainable urban environments.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Agriculture

The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Horticulture

The science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Agriculture

The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of livestock
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Horticulture

The cultivation of a garden.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Agriculture

The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of live stock; tillage; husbandry; farming.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Horticulture

The art or science of cultivating gardens; gardening.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Agriculture

A large-scale farming enterprise
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Horticulture

Small-scale agriculture.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Agriculture

The practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Horticulture

The cultivation of a garden or orchard; the art of cultivating gardens or orchards.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Agriculture

The federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Horticulture

The cultivation of plants
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Agriculture

The class of people engaged in growing food
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 13, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Are agriculture and horticulture interrelated?

Yes, horticulture is a specialized branch of agriculture focusing on plant cultivation.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What is horticulture?

Horticulture is the art and science of plant cultivation in gardens to produce food, medicinal ingredients, and decorative foliage.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Is horticulture only about growing flowers?

No, horticulture also involves growing fruits, vegetables, and herbs, besides ornamental plants and flowers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What is the main focus of horticulture?

Horticulture primarily focuses on the cultivation of plants for food, comfort, and aesthetic purposes.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What is agriculture?

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating land and breeding animals for food, fiber, and other products.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How does agriculture impact the economy?

Agriculture is crucial for the global economy, providing food and raw materials, supporting livelihoods, and contributing to trade.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What role does horticulture play in urban areas?

Horticulture plays a vital role in urban areas by providing green spaces, enhancing the environment, and improving air quality.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How does climate change affect agriculture?

Climate change affects agriculture through altered weather patterns, impacting crop yields, and livestock productivity.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What technologies are used in agriculture?

Agriculture uses various technologies like tractors, harvesters, irrigation systems, and biotechnology for efficient farming.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How does agriculture contribute to society?

Agriculture supports communities by providing food, employment, and maintaining rural areas.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What educational paths are there in horticulture?

Horticulture offers educational paths in plant science, landscape design, garden management, and plant breeding.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Are GMOs a part of modern agriculture?

Yes, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are used in modern agriculture to enhance crop resistance to diseases and pests.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How has technology transformed agriculture?

Technology in agriculture has led to increased efficiency, higher yields, and sustainable farming practices.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Can agriculture be sustainable?

Yes, sustainable agricultural practices aim to protect the environment, expand the Earth’s natural resource base, and maintain and improve soil fertility.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

How does horticulture benefit the environment?

Horticulture benefits the environment by promoting biodiversity, conserving water, and enhancing soil health.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Can horticulture be practiced in urban settings?

Yes, horticulture can be practiced in urban settings through rooftop gardens, vertical farming, and community gardens.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What are the challenges facing agriculture today?

Challenges include climate change, water scarcity, land degradation, and the need for sustainable practices.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What is the difference between organic and conventional agriculture?

Organic agriculture avoids synthetic chemicals, relying on natural methods, while conventional agriculture often uses chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

What is the significance of soil in horticulture?

Soil quality is crucial in horticulture for nutrient supply, water retention, and supporting plant growth.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Can horticulture be a career?

Yes, horticulture offers careers in garden design, botanical science, nursery management, and landscape architecture.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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