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Western Ghats vs. Eastern Ghats: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on February 26, 2024
Western Ghats are a mountain range along India's western coast, known for biodiversity and rainfall, while Eastern Ghats are discontinuous hills on the eastern coast, less dense and more eroded.
Western Ghats vs. Eastern Ghats

Key Differences

The Western Ghats run parallel to India's western coast, starting from the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra to Kerala. The Eastern Ghats, on the other hand, stretch from West Bengal through Odisha and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu, along the eastern coast.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 25, 2024
The Western Ghats are a UNESCO World Heritage site, recognized for their rich biodiversity and endemic species. The Eastern Ghats, though less biodiverse, are home to unique flora and fauna, with several areas of ecological significance.
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The Western Ghats are more continuous and uniform, with higher peaks and deeper valleys. The Eastern Ghats are more broken and eroded, with a gentler slope and fewer high peaks.
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The Western Ghats significantly influence the monsoon patterns and receive heavy rainfall, creating a dense forest cover. The Eastern Ghats receive less rainfall, resulting in sparser vegetation and a drier climate.
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The Western Ghats, despite urbanization, remain largely forested and less populated. The Eastern Ghats have experienced more deforestation and human settlement, leading to a greater alteration of the landscape.
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Comparison Chart

Location

Along India's western coast
Along India's eastern coast
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Feb 25, 2024

Biodiversity

High, with many endemic species
Less diverse, but ecologically significant
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Topography

More continuous with higher peaks
More eroded with gentler slopes
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Rainfall & Climate

Heavy rainfall, denser forests
Less rainfall, drier climate
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Human Impact

Less urbanized, more forested
More deforestation, urbanization
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Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats Definitions

Western Ghats

Characterized by dense forests and high biodiversity.
The Western Ghats are home to numerous endemic plant and animal species.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

Eastern Ghats

Experiences a drier climate compared to the Western Ghats.
The Eastern Ghats receive less rainfall, resulting in different vegetation types.
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Jan 18, 2024

Western Ghats

Influential in shaping the region's climate and monsoon patterns.
The Western Ghats play a crucial role in bringing monsoon rains to the west coast.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

Eastern Ghats

Known for its unique flora and fauna, though less dense than the Western Ghats.
The Eastern Ghats have distinct ecological zones, supporting a variety of wildlife.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

Western Ghats

A mountain range along India's western coast known for its biodiversity.
The Western Ghats are a hotspot for wildlife enthusiasts.
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Eastern Ghats

Plays a lesser role in affecting the region's monsoon and climate.
Unlike the Western Ghats, the Eastern Ghats have a minimal influence on the monsoons.
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Jan 18, 2024

Western Ghats

Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Many areas in the Western Ghats are protected due to their ecological importance.
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Jan 18, 2024

Eastern Ghats

A discontinuous range of hills along India's eastern coast.
The Eastern Ghats stretch across several Indian states, contributing to the region's topography.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 18, 2024

Western Ghats

A major ecological barrier and a significant geographical feature.
The Western Ghats act as a natural barrier to the arid eastern plains.
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Eastern Ghats

More eroded and altered due to human activities.
Urbanization and agriculture have significantly impacted the landscape of the Eastern Ghats.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

What makes the Western Ghats ecologically significant?

Their rich biodiversity and status as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
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Where do the Western Ghats start and end?

They start near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra and extend to Kerala.
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Are there many cities located in the Western Ghats?

Fewer cities are located in the Western Ghats compared to the Eastern Ghats.
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Feb 25, 2024

Are the Eastern Ghats continuous like the Western Ghats?

No, the Eastern Ghats are more discontinuous and broken.
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Feb 25, 2024

Do the Eastern Ghats receive more rainfall than the Western Ghats?

No, the Eastern Ghats receive less rainfall.
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What type of vegetation is found in the Eastern Ghats?

The Eastern Ghats have sparser vegetation, including dry deciduous forests.
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Can you find snow in the Western Ghats?

No, snow is not common in the Western Ghats.
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Are there any hill stations in the Eastern Ghats?

Yes, there are hill stations, but they are less famous than those in the Western Ghats.
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Do the Eastern Ghats have many protected areas?

There are protected areas, but not as many as in the Western Ghats.
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Have human activities impacted the Eastern Ghats?

Yes, the Eastern Ghats have been significantly altered by human activities.
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Feb 25, 2024

Is wildlife tourism popular in the Western Ghats?

Yes, the Western Ghats are a popular destination for wildlife and nature tourism.
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Do the Western Ghats affect the monsoon in India?

Yes, they play a crucial role in the Indian monsoon system.
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Feb 25, 2024

Are the Western Ghats older than the Eastern Ghats?

Yes, geologically, the Western Ghats are older.
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Feb 25, 2024

Do the Eastern Ghats have a significant cultural history?

Yes, they have a rich cultural history with several ancient temples and historical sites.
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Is trekking popular in the Western Ghats?

Yes, the Western Ghats offer numerous trekking and hiking opportunities.
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Do the Eastern Ghats influence the local climate?

Yes, but their influence is less pronounced than that of the Western Ghats.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 25, 2024

Are the Eastern Ghats important for biodiversity?

Yes, despite being less diverse than the Western Ghats, they have unique ecological significance.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 25, 2024

What are the major rivers originating from the Western Ghats?

Major rivers like the Godavari and Krishna originate from the Western Ghats.
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Is coffee cultivation common in the Western Ghats?

Yes, coffee and spice plantations are common in the Western Ghats.
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What kind of minerals are found in the Eastern Ghats?

The Eastern Ghats are rich in minerals like bauxite and iron ore.
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Feb 25, 2024

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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