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Verb vs. Predicate: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
A verb is a part of speech indicating action or state of being, while a predicate is a sentence component containing a verb and stating something about the subject.
Verb vs. Predicate

Key Differences

A verb is a fundamental part of speech in English, essential for constructing sentences, and denotes an action, occurrence, or state of being. In contrast, a predicate is a grammatical term referring to the part of a sentence or clause that tells something about the subject, and always includes a verb.
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Nov 25, 2023
While a verb can stand alone as the main action or state in a sentence, a predicate extends beyond the verb, including the verb, its objects, and other modifiers. Every complete sentence requires a verb to denote its primary action or state, whereas the predicate provides additional information or context about that action or state.
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Verbs are classified into various types, such as action verbs, linking verbs, and auxiliary verbs, each playing a unique role in a sentence. The predicate, however, encompasses these verbs and further builds upon them, often including complements, objects, and adverbials to complete the thought expressed in the sentence.
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In terms of grammatical importance, a verb is central to the predicate's structure; without a verb, a predicate cannot exist. Predicates, on the other hand, are essential for completing the meaning of a sentence, as they provide the necessary information about the subject's actions or state.
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Simplifying, verbs are the core element that predicates are built around. Predicates frame these verbs within a broader context, providing a more complete picture of the subject's actions, experiences, or conditions within the sentence structure.
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Comparison Chart

Definition

A word expressing action, occurrence, or state
The part of a sentence or clause stating something about the subject, including a verb
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Grammatical Role

Acts as the core of the predicate
Provides context and additional information about the subject's action or state
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Sentence Structure

Can be a simple one-word action or state
Extends beyond the verb, including objects, complements, and modifiers
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Types

Various types like action, linking, auxiliary
Encompasses all verb types and builds upon them
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Necessity for Sentence Completion

A sentence must have a verb
A complete sentence must have a predicate
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Verb and Predicate Definitions

Verb

A verb can express a physical action, a mental action, or a state of being.
He thinks deeply.
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Predicate

A predicate always includes a verb, and may include objects, complements, and modifiers.
She gave her friend a gift.
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Verb

A verb can be regular or irregular in its conjugation.
He wrote a letter.
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Predicate

A predicate provides more information about the subject's actions or state.
The students are studying for exams.
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Verb

The part of speech that expresses existence, action, or occurrence in most languages.
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Oct 19, 2023
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Predicate

Predicates are essential for the structure and meaning of sentences.
The car is parked outside.
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Verb

Any of the words belonging to this part of speech, as be, run, or conceive.
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Predicate

To base or establish (a statement or action, for example)
I predicated my argument on the facts.
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Verb

A phrase or other construction used as a verb.
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Predicate

To state or affirm as an attribute or quality of something
The sermon predicated the perfectibility of humankind.
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Verb

(grammar) A word that indicates an action, event, or state of being.
The word “speak” is an English verb.
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Predicate

To carry the connotation of; imply.
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Verb

(obsolete) Any word; a vocable.
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Predicate

(Logic) To make (a term or expression) the predicate of a proposition.
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Verb

(figurative) An action as opposed to a trait or thing.
Kindness is a verb, not an adjective. You're only kind if you do kind things.
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Predicate

To proclaim or assert; declare.
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Verb

(programming) A named command that performs a specific operation on an object.
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Predicate

To make a statement or assertion.
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Verb

To use any word that is or was not a verb (especially a noun) as if it were a verb.
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Predicate

(Grammar) One of the two main constituents of a sentence or clause, modifying the subject and including the verb, objects, or phrases governed by the verb, as opened the door in Jane opened the door or is very sleepy in The child is very sleepy.
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Verb

To perform any action that is normally expressed by a verb.
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Predicate

(Logic) That part of a proposition that is affirmed or denied about the subject. For example, in the proposition We are mortal, mortal is the predicate.
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Verb

A word; a vocable.
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Predicate

(Grammar) Of or belonging to the predicate of a sentence or clause.
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Verb

A word which affirms or predicates something of some person or thing; a part of speech expressing being, action, or the suffering of action.
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Predicate

Stated or asserted; predicated.
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Verb

A word that serves as the predicate of a sentence
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Predicate

(grammar) The part of the sentence (or clause) which states a property that a subject has or is characterized by.
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Verb

A content word that denotes an action or a state
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Predicate

(logic) A term of a statement, where the statement may be true or false depending on whether the thing referred to by the values of the statement's variables has the property signified by that (predicative) term.
A propositional variable may be treated as a nullary predicate.
A predicate is either valid, satisfiable, or unsatisfiable.
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Verb

A verb is a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence.
She runs every morning.
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Predicate

(computing) An operator or function that returns either true or false.
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Verb

A verb forms the main part of the predicate of a sentence.
The dog barked loudly.
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Predicate

(grammar) Of or related to the predicate of a sentence or clause.
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Verb

Verbs change their form to indicate tense, mood, and voice.
She was singing beautifully.
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Predicate

Predicated, stated.
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Predicate

(law) Relating to or being any of a series of criminal acts upon which prosecution for racketeering may be predicated.
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Predicate

(transitive) To announce, assert, or proclaim publicly.
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Predicate

(transitive) To assume or suppose; to infer.
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Predicate

To base (on); to assert on the grounds of.
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Predicate

To make a term (or expression) the predicate of a statement.
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Predicate

To assert or state as an attribute or quality of something.
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Predicate

To assert to belong to something; to affirm (one thing of another); as, to predicate whiteness of snow.
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Predicate

To found; to base.
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Predicate

To affirm something of another thing; to make an affirmation.
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Predicate

That which is affirmed or denied of the subject. In these propositions, "Paper is white," "Ink is not white," whiteness is the predicate affirmed of paper and denied of ink.
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Predicate

The word or words in a proposition which express what is affirmed of the subject.
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Predicate

Predicated.
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Predicate

(logic) what is predicated of the subject of a proposition; the second term in a proposition is predicated of the first term by means of the copula;
`Socrates is a man' predicates manhood of Socrates
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Predicate

One of the two main constituents of a sentence; the predicate contains the verb and its complements
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Predicate

Make the (grammatical) predicate in a proposition;
The predicate `dog' is predicated of the subject `Fido' in the sentence `Fido is a dog'
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Predicate

Affirm or declare as an attribute or quality of;
The speech predicated the fitness of the candidate to be President
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Predicate

Involve as a necessary condition of consequence; as in logic;
Solving the problem is predicated on understanding it well
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Predicate

A predicate is the part of a sentence containing a verb that says something about the subject.
The cat slept on the mat.
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Predicate

A predicate can be simple or compound, depending on the sentence complexity.
He writes novels and composes music.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is a verb?

A verb is a word that describes an action, occurrence, or state.
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What are examples of verbs?

Examples of verbs include 'run', 'think', 'be', 'have'.
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What is a predicate?

A predicate is the part of a sentence or clause that tells something about the subject, including the verb and other elements.
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What does a predicate include?

A predicate includes a verb, and often objects, complements, and modifiers.
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Can a single word be a predicate?

Yes, if it's a verb that provides a complete thought about the subject.
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Can a sentence have more than one verb?

Yes, sentences can have multiple verbs, especially in compound predicates.
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Can a predicate exist without a verb?

No, a predicate must contain a verb.
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Are all verbs action words?

Not all. Verbs can also express a state or an occurrence, not just actions.
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How do verbs change in a sentence?

Verbs change to indicate tense, mood, aspect, and voice.
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What is a compound predicate?

A compound predicate has two or more verbs or verb phrases connected by a conjunction.
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Can a sentence exist without a verb?

No, a verb is essential for a sentence to convey a complete thought.
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Are predicates always at the end of a sentence?

Not always; predicates can be positioned according to the sentence structure.
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Are there different types of predicates?

Yes, predicates can be simple, compound, or complex, depending on the sentence structure.
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Do predicates always directly follow the subject?

Typically, yes, but sentence structure can vary.
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Is the predicate the same as the verb?

No, the predicate includes the verb but also provides additional information about the subject.
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What is a linking verb?

A linking verb connects the subject to a subject complement.
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What role do verbs play in questions?

Verbs are central in forming questions, often moving to the beginning of the sentence.
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What is an auxiliary verb?

An auxiliary verb helps the main verb express tense, mood, or voice.
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Can verbs be omitted in some sentences?

In informal or implied contexts, yes, but generally, verbs are necessary for clarity.
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How do verbs and predicates interact in complex sentences?

In complex sentences, verbs are part of predicates that may include various clauses and phrases for detailed information.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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