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Transmission vs. Transmittance: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 29, 2023
Transmission refers to the process of sending something (energy, information) from one place to another, while transmittance measures the fraction of light that passes through a substance.
Transmission vs. Transmittance

Key Differences

Transmission is the process or act of transferring something from one place, person, or thing to another. It is commonly used in the context of conveying information, energy, or physical objects. In physics, it refers to the passage of waves or particles through a medium. Transmittance, on the other hand, is a specific term in optics and materials science. It quantifies the amount of light or radiation that passes through a material. Transmittance is expressed as a ratio or percentage, indicating how much of the incident light is transmitted through the substance.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023
In telecommunications, transmission involves sending information, like data or voice, over distances using electronic or electromagnetic signals. This encompasses a wide range of technologies and methods, from radio broadcasts to internet data packets. Transmittance in this context is not a directly related concept. However, in the design of optical fibers used for data transmission, the transmittance of the fiber material becomes crucial as it affects the efficiency and quality of data transmission.
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In mechanical systems, transmission refers to the mechanism that transmits mechanical power from an engine or motor to the point of application, like in a car's gearbox. It involves the physical transfer of energy. Transmittance has no direct relevance in this context. It remains a term primarily used in optics, measuring how materials like glass or plastic transmit light.
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Dec 29, 2023
Transmission in biology and medicine refers to the spread of disease or genetic information from one organism to another. It's a key concept in understanding the dynamics of infectious diseases and genetics. Transmittance is not a term generally used in biological contexts. In medicine, it could refer to the passage of light through tissues, important in certain diagnostic imaging techniques.
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Dec 29, 2023
Transmission can also refer to the conveying of cultural or intellectual property, like traditions or knowledge, from one generation to another. It's about the movement and sharing of intangible assets. Transmittance in such abstract contexts is not applicable, as it strictly pertains to the physical passage of light or radiation through materials.
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Comparison Chart

Definition

Process of sending something from one place to another.
Measurement of the fraction of light passing through a material.
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Contexts of Use

Telecommunications, mechanics, biology, cultural transmission.
Optics, materials science.
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Measurement

Not typically quantified in the same way as transmittance.
Expressed as a ratio or percentage.
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Relevance in Different Fields

Broad relevance in various fields.
Primarily relevant in optics and materials science.
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Associated with

Energy, information, power, disease, cultural elements.
Light, radiation, optical properties of materials.
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Transmission and Transmittance Definitions

Transmission

The act of sending information or energy from one place to another.
The transmission of data over the internet is fundamental to modern communication.
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Transmittance

In optics, the fraction of incident light at a specified wavelength that passes through a sample.
Scientists measured the transmittance of the solution to determine its concentration.
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Transmission

A system in a vehicle that transmits mechanical power from the engine to the wheels.
The car's transmission broke down, making it impossible to drive.
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Transmittance

A measure of the degree to which a substance allows light or radiation to pass.
The transmittance of the fabric determined how much UV radiation it blocked.
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Transmission

The process by which disease is spread from one person to another.
Preventing the transmission of infectious diseases is a key public health goal.
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Transmittance

The ratio of transmitted light to incident light through a material.
The transmittance of the glass was high, allowing most of the sunlight to pass through.
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Transmission

The conveyance of force or motion through a mechanism.
The machine's transmission of power was efficient and smooth.
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Transmittance

The percentage of light or other radiation that is not absorbed or reflected by a medium.
High transmittance materials are essential for effective solar panels.
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Transmission

The act of conveying cultural values or knowledge from one generation to another.
Oral storytelling is a traditional form of cultural transmission.
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Transmittance

A property of a material that quantifies how much electromagnetic radiation it transmits.
The optical transmittance of the lens was critical for the experiment's success.
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Transmission

The act or process of transmitting.
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Transmittance

A transmission.
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Transmission

The fact of being transmitted.
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Transmittance

(Physics) The ratio of the radiant energy transmitted to the total radiant energy incident on a given body.
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Transmission

Something, such as a message, that is transmitted.
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Transmittance

A transmission
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Transmission

An assembly, as in a motor vehicle, that transmits power from an engine to a driving axle, usually having a manually or automatically adjustable mechanism to control the balance of power and speed. Also called gearbox.
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Oct 19, 2023

Transmittance

(physics) the fraction of incident light, or other radiation, that passes through a substance
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Transmission

The sending of a signal, picture, or other information from a transmitter.
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Transmittance

Transmission.
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Transmission

The act of transmitting, e.g. data or electric power.
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Transmittance

The fraction of radiant energy that passes through a substance
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Transmission

The fact of being transmitted.
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Transmission

Something that is transmitted, such as a message, picture, or a disease; the sending of such a thing.
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Transmission

(biology) The passage of a nerve impulse across synapses.
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Transmission

(automotive) An assembly of gears through which power is transmitted from the engine to the driveshaft in a motor car / automobile; a gearbox.
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Transmission

(legal) The right possessed by an heir or legatee of transmitting to his successor(s) any inheritance, legacy, right, or privilege, to which he is entitled, even if he should die without enjoying or exercising it.
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Transmission

(medicine, biology) The passing of a communicable disease from an infected host individual or group to a conspecific individual or group.
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Transmission

The act of transmitting, or the state of being transmitted; as, the transmission of letters, writings, papers, news, and the like, from one country to another; the transmission of rights, titles, or privileges, from father to son, or from one generation to another.
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Transmission

The right possessed by an heir or legatee of transmitting to his successor or successors any inheritance, legacy, right, or privilege, to which he is entitled, even if he should die without enjoying or exercising it.
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Transmission

The mechanism within a vehicle which transmits rotational power from the engine to the axle of the wheel propelling the vehicle; it includes the gears and gear-changing mechanism as well as the propeller shaft.
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Transmission

The process or event of sending signals by means of a radio-frequency wave from an electronic transmitter to a receiving device.
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Transmission

The act of sending a message; causing a message to be transmitted
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Transmission

Communication by means of transmitted signals
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Transmission

The fraction of radiant energy that passes through a substance
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Transmission

An incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted
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Transmission

The gears that transmit power from an automobile engine via the driveshaft to the live axle
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Where is transmission commonly used?

Transmission is used in telecommunications, mechanics, and cultural contexts.
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Can transmission refer to disease spread?

Yes, in medicine, transmission can refer to the spread of diseases.
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Is transmittance important in optics?

Yes, transmittance is crucial in optics and materials science.
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What is a transmission system in a vehicle?

It's the mechanism that sends power from the engine to the wheels.
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What factors affect transmittance?

Material composition, thickness, and light wavelength.
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Is transmittance a ratio?

Yes, transmittance is expressed as a ratio or percentage.
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Does transmittance affect solar panel efficiency?

Yes, higher transmittance can lead to more efficient solar panels.
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What does transmittance measure?

Transmittance measures the fraction of light that passes through a material.
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Does transmission apply to data transfer?

Yes, it's essential in data and information transfer.
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What is transmission?

Transmission refers to the process of sending something from one point to another.
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Can transmission be wireless?

Yes, like in radio or Wi-Fi signals.
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What's a common example of transmission in everyday life?

Talking on a mobile phone or sending an email.
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How is transmittance measured?

Using spectrophotometers or similar devices.
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How is transmittance used in materials science?

It's used to evaluate how materials transmit light or radiation.
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Can transmittance be 100%?

Theoretically, but in practice, no material has 100% transmittance.
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Is transmission important in cultural studies?

Yes, it's key in understanding cultural continuity and change.
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How does transmission work in telecommunications?

It involves sending signals over distances using various technologies.
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Is transmittance relevant in clothing design?

Yes, for UV protection and visibility.
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Can transmission methods vary?

Yes, they vary widely depending on the application.
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Does transmittance change with angle?

Yes, it can vary based on the angle of incident light.
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Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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