Difference Between
versus

Transduction vs. Conjugation: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Transduction involves the transfer of genetic material by viruses from one bacterium to another, while conjugation is the direct transfer of DNA between bacteria through direct cell-to-cell contact.
Transduction vs. Conjugation

Key Differences

Transduction involves the transfer of DNA from one bacterium to another via a bacteriophage, a type of virus that infects bacteria. It's a form of genetic exchange that doesn't require direct contact between cells. Conjugation, on the other hand, is a more direct method where two bacteria form a physical bridge-like structure called a pilus, through which genetic material, typically a plasmid, is transferred directly from one bacterial cell to another.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023
The process of Transduction is mediated by a virus, which accidentally incorporates a segment of bacterial DNA during its assembly in a host cell and then carries this DNA to another bacterial cell. This allows for genetic recombination and variation. Conjugation, however, is a more controlled process, often initiated by the presence of specific nutrients or environmental conditions, where a donor bacterium transfers part of its DNA to a recipient.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023
In Transduction, the DNA transferred can be random, depending on which part of the bacterial genome was accidentally packaged into the virus. This randomness can lead to a diverse range of genetic combinations. In Conjugation, the DNA transferred is usually a specific plasmid, which often contains beneficial genes like antibiotic resistance, offering a more targeted approach to genetic exchange.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023
Transduction can occur between different bacterial species, facilitating a wider exchange of genetic material. This can lead to significant genetic changes and evolution in bacterial populations. Conjugation, while also occurring between different species, is more common within the same species, which makes it a mechanism for spreading specific traits, like drug resistance, within a bacterial community.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023
Transduction is often a less frequent event compared to Conjugation because it depends on the presence and lifecycle of a bacteriophage. Conjugation is a more regular event in bacterial colonies, as it only requires the presence of a donor and a recipient cell, making it a more consistent means of gene transfer among bacteria.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Agent

Bacteriophage (virus)
Bacterial pilus
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Contact

Indirect
Direct
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

DNA Source

Random bacterial DNA
Specific plasmids
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Frequency

Less frequent
More frequent
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Species Specificity

Cross-species
Often same species
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Transduction and Conjugation Definitions

Transduction

Transfer of genetic material from one bacterium to another via a virus.
In transduction, a bacteriophage can transfer antibiotic resistance genes from one bacterial strain to another.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Conjugation

Direct DNA transfer between bacteria via cell-to-cell contact.
In conjugation, a donor bacterium transfers a plasmid to a recipient, conferring new traits.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Transduction

A process where a virus transfers DNA between bacteria.
Transduction played a crucial role in spreading the gene for penicillin resistance among pathogenic bacteria.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Conjugation

The exchange of genetic material between bacteria through a pilus.
Conjugation allows for the sharing of beneficial genes, such as those providing resistance to toxins.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Transduction

A method of horizontal gene transfer in bacteria mediated by bacteriophages.
The occurrence of transduction enables bacteria to acquire new traits rapidly, like toxin production.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Conjugation

The act of conjugating.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

The introduction of foreign DNA into a cell by a virus.
Genetic researchers often use transduction to insert new genes into bacterial cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Conjugation

The state of being conjugated.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

The conversion of input energy of one form into output energy of another form.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The inflection of a particular verb.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

See signal transduction.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

A presentation of the complete set of inflected forms of a verb.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

The transfer of genetic material from one cell to another, especially a bacterial cell, through the use of a bacteriophage.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

A class of verbs having similar inflected forms.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

(biology) The transfer of genetic material from one cell to another typically between bacterial cells, and typically via a bacteriophage or pilus.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The temporary union of two bacterial cells during which one cell transfers part or all of its genome to the other.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

The process whereby a transducer converts energy from one form to another.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The coming together of things; union.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

(physiology) The conversion of a stimulus from one form to another.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

(grammar) In some languages, one of several classifications of verbs according to what inflections they take.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

(physics) The conversion of energy (especially light energy) into another form, especially in a biological process such as photosynthesis or in a transducer.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

(grammar) The act or process of conjugating a verb.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

(logic) Particularly in the discipline of artificial intelligence, a form of inference, according to which the response appropriate to a particular known case, also is appropriate to another particular case diagnosed to be functionally identical. This contrasts with induction, in which general rules derived from past observations are applied to future cases as a class (compare also analogy).
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

(grammar) The product of that act: the conjugated forms of a verb, collected into a list or recitation.
Principal parts
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

(logic design) The improvement of an electronic logic network by reduction of redundant components in an initial version, using an established pruning procedure, then applying permissible functions for transformation of the network into a workable form. Thereafter the transformation and reduction may be repeated till no worthwhile further improvement results.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

(chemistry) A system of delocalized orbitals consisting of alternating single bonds and double bonds
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

The act of conveying over.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

(mathematics) A mapping sending x to gxg-1, where g and x are elements of a group; inner automorphism
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

(genetics) the process of transfering genetic material from one cell to another by a plasmid or bacteriophage
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

(mathematics) A function which negates the non-real part of a complex or hypercomplex number; complex conjugation
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

The process whereby a transducer accepts energy in one form and gives back related energy in a different form;
The transduction of acoustic waves into voltages by a microphone
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The act of uniting or combining; union; assemblage.
Mixtures and conjugations of atoms.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Transduction

A viral-mediated transfer of genetic information in bacteria.
Transduction is a key factor in the genetic diversity observed in bacterial populations.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Conjugation

Two things conjoined; a pair; a couple.
The sixth conjugations or pair of nerves.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The act of conjugating a verb or giving in order its various parts and inflections.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The state of being joined together
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The inflection of verbs
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The complete set of inflected forms of a verb
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

A class of verbs having the same inflectional forms
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposes;
The casual couplings of adolescents
The mating of some species occurs only in the spring
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

The act of making or becoming a single unit;
The union of opposing factions
He looked forward to the unification of his family for the holidays
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Conjugation

A process where bacteria transfer genetic material through direct contact.
Bacterial conjugation is often responsible for the rapid spread of antibiotic resistance.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Conjugation

A form of genetic transfer involving physical connection between bacterial cells.
Scientists observed conjugation between two bacterial species, leading to increased antibiotic resistance.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Is conjugation a form of reproduction?

No, it's a form of genetic exchange, not reproduction.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Can transduction occur in all bacteria?

Transduction can occur in many, but not all, bacteria, depending on the presence of compatible bacteriophages.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

What is transduction in bacteria?

It's the transfer of genetic material between bacteria via a bacteriophage.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

What roles do transduction and conjugation play in antibiotic resistance?

Both can spread antibiotic resistance genes among bacteria, with conjugation being more direct and common.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Do transduction and conjugation require living cells?

Yes, both processes require living bacterial cells to occur.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Is a pilus always involved in conjugation?

Yes, a pilus is typically involved in bacterial conjugation.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

How does bacterial conjugation work?

It involves direct cell-to-cell contact for the transfer of DNA, usually through a pilus.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Can transduction transfer any part of the bacterial genome?

Yes, it can transfer random segments of the bacterial genome.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Is conjugation limited to certain bacterial species?

It can occur between different species, but is more common within the same species.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Is conjugation a frequent event in bacteria?

Yes, it's relatively common in bacterial populations.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Can transduction introduce foreign DNA into bacteria?

Yes, it can introduce foreign DNA from different bacterial species.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Is transduction a controlled process?

No, it's more random and depends on the life cycle of bacteriophages.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

How significant is conjugation in bacterial evolution?

It's significant, as it enables rapid adaptation and evolution within bacterial communities.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Can transduction occur without a virus?

No, a virus (bacteriophage) is essential for transduction.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Does conjugation occur naturally?

Yes, it's a natural process in bacterial colonies.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

What triggers conjugation in bacteria?

It's often triggered by environmental factors or the presence of specific nutrients.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Does transduction require cell-to-cell contact?

No, it doesn't require direct contact between cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

How does conjugation affect bacterial populations?

It increases genetic diversity and can spread beneficial traits rapidly.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Can transduction be used in genetic engineering?

Yes, it's used to introduce new genes into bacterial cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Can transduction occur between distant bacterial species?

Yes, it can facilitate gene transfer across different species.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 20, 2023

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

Poster vs. InfographicPoster vs. Infographic
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Poster is a large printed image or notice for public display, while an Infographic is a visual representation of information or data.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
Pulley vs. SheavePulley vs. Sheave
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 4, 2024
A pulley is a wheel on an axle designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable, while a sheave is the wheel part of a pulley system that specifically interacts with the cable.
LTE vs. CDMALTE vs. CDMA
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a 4G wireless communication standard with high-speed data transfer, while CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) is an older 2G/3G technology for mobile networks.
Nike Air Force 1 LE vs. Nike Air Force 1 '07Nike Air Force 1 LE vs. Nike Air Force 1 ’07
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 16, 2024
Nike Air Force 1 LE often represents limited edition releases with unique designs, while Nike Air Force 1 '07 is a modern version of the classic, maintaining the iconic style with updated materials.
House of Representatives vs. SenateHouse of Representatives vs. Senate
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
The House of Representatives, based on population, drafts tax legislation and impeachment charges, while the Senate, with equal representation per state, tries impeachments and ratifies treaties.
Pycharm Community vs. Pycharm ProPycharm Community vs. Pycharm Pro
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
PyCharm Community is a free, open-source IDE for Python development, while PyCharm Pro is a paid version with additional advanced features like web development support and database tools.
Formal Assessment vs. Informal AssessmentFormal Assessment vs. Informal Assessment
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Formal assessments are structured and standardized, while informal assessments are flexible and observational.
FPTP vs. PRFPTP vs. PR
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 16, 2024
FPTP (First Past the Post) is a simple plurality voting system where the candidate with most votes wins; PR (Proportional Representation) allocates seats based on the proportion of votes each party receives.
Moms vs. Mom'sMoms vs. Mom’s
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 22, 2024
"Moms" is the plural form of "mom," referring to multiple mothers, while "Mom's" is the possessive form of "mom," indicating something belongs to or is related to a mother.
Shall vs. Shall beShall vs. Shall be
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 14, 2024
"Shall" is a modal verb used to indicate future action or a strong intention, while "shall be" is its future tense form, often implying a sense of obligation or inevitability.
Goth vs. AltGoth vs. Alt
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 5, 2024
Goth is a dark, often Victorian-influenced subculture and style, while Alt (alternative) is a broader term encompassing non-mainstream styles and attitudes.
Login vs. LogonLogin vs. Logon
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Login" and "Logon" are often used interchangeably to describe the process of gaining access to a computer system, but "login" can also refer to the credentials used for access.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
Contact Force vs. Field ForceContact Force vs. Field Force
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Contact Force is a force applied through physical contact, while Field Force acts over a distance without physical contact.
Term vs. SemesterTerm vs. Semester
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Term is a general period for any division of the academic year, while Semester specifically refers to half of an academic year.
Positivism vs. Post-PositivismPositivism vs. Post-Positivism
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
May 26, 2024
Positivism emphasizes observable, empirical evidence and the scientific method, while post-positivism recognizes the limitations of pure objectivity and incorporates subjective perspectives.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
NM3 vs. M3NM3 vs. M3
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 19, 2024
NM3 measures gas volume under Normal conditions (0°C and 1.01325 bar), while M3 measures volume under the conditions at which it is measured, without standard adjustment.
Cache Memory vs. Main MemoryCache Memory vs. Main Memory
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
May 18, 2024
Cache memory is a fast, volatile memory for quick access to frequently used data, enhancing processor speed. Main memory (RAM) is a larger, slower volatile memory for currently used data and programs.
FHSS vs. DSSSFHSS vs. DSSS
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 25, 2024
FHSS (Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum) uses rapid frequency changes within a band. DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum) spreads signals over a wider frequency using a code.
Armani Exchange vs. Emporio ArmaniArmani Exchange vs. Emporio Armani
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
Armani Exchange is a youth-focused, more affordable fashion line under the Armani brand, while Emporio Armani is a higher-end line targeting young adults with a modern style.
2chan vs. 4chan2chan vs. 4chan
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 1, 2024
2chan is a Japanese imageboard primarily for sharing images and discussion. 4chan is an English-language imageboard with a diverse range of topics and more international user base.
Happen vs. OccurHappen vs. Occur
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Happen" refers to events or actions taking place, often with an unplanned or casual connotation, while "occur" implies events or phenomena that take place, often with a more formal or scientific tone.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons