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Sol Solution vs. Suspension: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 8, 2024
Sol Solution is a colloidal system where solid particles are dispersed in a liquid, while Suspension is a mixture where particles are dispersed but not fully dissolved in a liquid.
Sol Solution vs. Suspension

Key Differences

Sol Solution consists of microscopically dispersed solid particles in a continuous liquid phase. In Suspension, the particles are larger and do not dissolve, remaining suspended temporarily.
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Sol Solution particles are stable and don’t settle out quickly due to their small size. Suspension particles will eventually settle out over time as they are larger and less stable.
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Sol Solutions are often translucent or slightly cloudy due to the size of dispersed particles. Suspensions are typically more opaque due to the larger size of suspended particles.
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The particles in a Sol Solution are typically in the range of 1-1000 nanometers. In Suspension, the particles are larger than 1000 nanometers and are visibly distinct.
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Sol Solutions exhibit the Tyndall effect, where light is scattered by particles. Suspensions may show a more pronounced Tyndall effect due to larger particle sizes.
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Comparison Chart

Particle Size

1-1000 nanometers
Larger than 1000 nanometers
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Stability

More stable, particles don’t settle quickly
Less stable, particles settle over time
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Appearance

Translucent or slightly cloudy
More opaque and visibly turbid
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Dispersion

Solid particles microscopically dispersed
Particles dispersed but not dissolved
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Light Scattering

Exhibits Tyndall effect
More pronounced Tyndall effect
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Sol Solution and Suspension Definitions

Sol Solution

Microscopic solid particles evenly distributed in a liquid medium.
Ink is a sol solution with color particles dispersed in a liquid.
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Suspension

A mixture with solid particles suspended in a liquid.
Sand in water is a simple example of a suspension.
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Sol Solution

A liquid containing suspended nanoscale solid particles.
Some medical lotions are sol solutions containing medication in a liquid base.
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Suspension

Liquid mixture with particles that may settle over time.
Some salad dressings are suspensions and need to be shaken before use.
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Sol Solution

A stable dispersion of solid particles in a liquid.
Gelatin, when dissolved in water, forms a sol solution.
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Suspension

A mixture where particles are dispersed but not stable.
A muddy water mixture is a classic example of a suspension.
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Sol Solution

Solid-liquid colloidal system with small particle size.
A sol solution of silver iodide is used in photography.
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Suspension

An interruption or temporary cessation, as of an activity or of the application of a rule or law.
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Sol Solution

A colloidal system with solid particles dispersed in a liquid.
A common sol solution is paint, where pigment particles are dispersed in a liquid.
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Suspension

A temporary prohibition or exclusion, as from attending school or enjoying a privilege, especially as a punishment.
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Suspension

A postponement, as of a judgment, opinion, or decision.
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Suspension

The prolongation of one or more tones of a chord into a following chord to create a temporary dissonance.
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Suspension

The tone or tones so prolonged.
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Suspension

A device from which a mechanical part is suspended.
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Suspension

The system of springs and other devices that insulates the chassis of a vehicle from shocks transmitted through the wheels.
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Suspension

(Chemistry) A system in which minute particles are dispersed throughout a fluid from which they are easily filtered but not easily settled because of system viscosity or molecular interactions.
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Suspension

The act of suspending, or the state of being suspended.
Suspension from a hook
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Suspension

A temporary or conditional delay, interruption or discontinuation.
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Suspension

The state of a solid or substance produced when its particles are mixed with, but not dissolved in, a fluid, and are capable of separation by straining.
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Suspension

Thus a kind of silt or sludge.
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Suspension

The act of keeping a person who is listening in doubt and expectation of what is to follow.
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Suspension

The temporary barring of a person from a workplace, society, etc. pending investigation into alleged misconduct.
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Suspension

(education) The process of barring a student from school grounds as a form of punishment (particularly out-of-school suspension).
Suspension from school as a disciplinary measure
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Suspension

(music) The act of or discord produced by prolonging one or more tones of a chord into the chord which follows, thus producing a momentary discord, suspending the concord which the ear expects.
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Suspension

A stay or postponement of the execution of a sentence, usually by letters of suspension granted on application to the Lord Ordinary.
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Suspension

(topology) A topological space derived from another by taking the product of the original space with an interval and collapsing each end of the product to a point.
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Suspension

(topology) A function derived, in a standard way, from another, such that the instant function’s domain and codomain are suspensions of the original function’s.
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Suspension

(vehicle) The system of springs and shock absorbers connected to the wheels in an automobile, which allows the vehicle to move smoothly with reduced shock to its occupants.
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Suspension

The act of suspending, or the state of being suspended; pendency; as, suspension from a hook.
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Suspension

Especially, temporary delay, interruption, or cessation
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Suspension

A conditional withholding, interruption, or delay; as, the suspension of a payment on the performance of a condition.
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Suspension

The state of a solid when its particles are mixed with, but undissolved in, a fluid, and are capable of separation by straining; also, any substance in this state.
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Suspension

A keeping of the hearer in doubt and in attentive expectation of what is to follow, or of what is to be the inference or conclusion from the arguments or observations employed.
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Suspension

A stay or postponement of execution of a sentence condemnatory by means of letters of suspension granted on application to the lord ordinary.
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Suspension

The prolongation of one or more tones of a chord into the chord which follows, thus producing a momentary discord, suspending the concord which the ear expects. Cf. Retardation.
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Suspension

A mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy
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Suspension

A time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
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Suspension

Temporary cessation or suspension
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Suspension

An interruption in the intensity or amount of something
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Suspension

A mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle
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Suspension

The act of suspending something (hanging it from above so it moves freely);
There was a small ceremony for the hanging of the portrait
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Suspension

A temporary debarment (from a privilege or position etc)
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Suspension

Larger particles dispersed in a liquid but not dissolved.
Pharmaceutical suspensions often contain medication in a liquid for oral consumption.
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Suspension

A heterogeneous mixture with visible particles in a liquid.
Orange juice with pulp is a natural suspension.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Do particles in a suspension settle?

Yes, particles in a suspension will eventually settle due to gravity.
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What is a sol solution?

A sol solution is a colloidal mixture where small solid particles are dispersed in a liquid.
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What defines a suspension?

A suspension is a mixture with larger, often visible particles suspended in a liquid.
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What is an example of a sol solution in daily life?

Toothpaste is an example of a sol solution with fine particles in a liquid base.
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Can suspensions be filtered?

Yes, the larger particles in suspensions can often be separated by filtration.
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What happens when you shake a suspension?

Shaking re-disperses the particles temporarily, but they will settle again over time.
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How stable are sol solutions?

Sol solutions are relatively stable with particles remaining dispersed for a longer time.
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Are sol solutions clear or opaque?

They are usually translucent but can be slightly cloudy due to dispersed particles.
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Are the particles in a sol solution visible?

Particles in a sol solution are usually too small to be seen with the naked eye.
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How do you make a suspension?

A suspension can be made by mixing a solid into a liquid without dissolving it.
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Do sol solutions scatter light?

Yes, sol solutions scatter light, a phenomenon known as the Tyndall effect.
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Is milk a sol solution or a suspension?

Milk is a colloid, similar to a sol solution, with microscopic fat and protein particles.
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Can suspensions be homogenized?

Suspensions can be temporarily homogenized by shaking or stirring.
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How does particle size affect the stability of sol solutions and suspensions?

Smaller particle size in sol solutions leads to greater stability compared to suspensions.
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Can the particles in a suspension be seen under a microscope?

Yes, the larger particles in a suspension are often visible under a microscope.
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What’s the difference in particle size between sol solutions and suspensions?

Sol solutions have smaller particles (1-1000 nm), while suspensions have larger particles.
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Can sol solutions be separated by centrifugation?

Generally, centrifugation is not effective in separating particles in a sol solution.
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What are the uses of suspensions?

Suspensions are commonly used in pharmaceuticals, food products, and cosmetics.
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Why do sol solutions not settle quickly?

The small particle size and interaction with the liquid medium keep the particles suspended.
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Are suspensions considered homogeneous or heterogeneous?

Suspensions are heterogeneous mixtures due to the uneven distribution of particles.
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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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