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Restore vs. Repair: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 29, 2023
Restore means to bring something back to its original state or condition, while Repair means to fix something that is broken or damaged.
Restore vs. Repair

Key Differences

Restore often implies returning something to its former condition, like restoring a historic building to its original glory. In contrast, Repair typically involves fixing something that is broken or malfunctioning, such as repairing a leaking faucet.
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Dec 29, 2023
Restoration often focuses on preserving original features or authenticity, as in art restoration where original materials and techniques are used. Repair, however, may involve replacing damaged parts with new ones, like repairing a car engine with new components.
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Dec 29, 2023
In the context of data or software, Restore means to return to a previous state, such as restoring a computer to an earlier backup. Repair in this context might involve fixing corrupted files or software issues without necessarily reverting to an earlier state.
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Dec 29, 2023
Restore can also mean to bring back a lost or diminished condition, like restoring health after an illness. Repair, in a similar vein, might involve mending a relationship, focusing on fixing specific issues rather than a complete return to a previous state.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023
In environmental terms, Restore is used to describe efforts to return ecosystems to their natural state, while Repair might be used for fixing specific environmental damage, like repairing a breach in a levee.
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Dec 29, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Primary Meaning

Return to original state
Fix what's broken or damaged
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Focus in Art/Architecture

Preserving authenticity
Fixing structural problems
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Dec 29, 2023

In Context of Data/Software

Reverting to previous state
Fixing specific issues
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Environmental Context

Returning to natural state
Addressing specific damage
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In Human Relationships

Reviving to a former condition
Addressing and fixing issues
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Restore and Repair Definitions

Restore

Revert to a previous state or setting.
He had to restore his computer to an earlier backup.
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Dec 29, 2023

Repair

Make good or usable again.
The old car was repaired and made roadworthy once more.
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Dec 29, 2023

Restore

Reestablish a lost or broken relationship.
They sought to restore their friendship after years of distance.
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Repair

Resolve issues in a relationship.
They went to counseling to repair their marriage.
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Restore

To bring back into existence or use; reestablish
Restore law and order.
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Repair

Correct a fault in a system.
The technician repaired the software bug efficiently.
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Restore

To bring back to an original or normal condition
Restore a building.
Restored the patient to health.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To restore to sound condition after damage or injury; fix
Repaired the broken watch.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

To place in a former position or location
Restored the book to the shelf.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To set right; remedy
Repair an oversight.
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Restore

To put (someone) back in a former position or role
Restore the emperor to the throne.
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Repair

To restore or renew
Repair the immune system.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

To make restitution of; give back
Restore the stolen funds.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To make up for or compensate for (a loss or wrong, for example).
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Restore

(transitive) To reestablish, or bring back into existence.
To restore harmony among those who are at variance
He restored my lost faith in him by doing a good deed.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To make repairs.
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Restore

(transitive) To bring back to good condition from a state of decay or ruin.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To betake oneself; go
Repair to the dining room.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

(transitive) To give or bring back (that which has been lost or taken); to bring back to the owner; to replace.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To go frequently or habitually
Repairs to the restaurant every week.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

(transitive) To give in place of, or as restitution for.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

The work, act, or process of repairing.
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Restore

To recover (data, etc.) from a backup.
There was a crash last night, and we're still restoring the file system.
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Repair

Often repairs An instance or a result of repairing
The accident resulted in a costly repair to the car. My bike is in the shop for repairs.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

To bring (a note) back to its original signification.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

The state of being fit for use
The furnace is out of repair.
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Restore

(obsolete) To make good; to make amends for.
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Repair

General condition after use or repairing
In good repair.
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Restore

(computing) The act of recovering data or a system from a backup.
We backed up the data successfully, but the restore failed.
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Repair

An act of going or sojourning
Our annual repair to the mountains.
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Restore

To bring back to its former state; to bring back from a state of ruin, decay, disease, or the like; to repair; to renew; to recover.
Our fortune restored after the severest afflictions.
And his hand was restored whole as the other.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

A place to which one goes frequently or habitually; a haunt.
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Restore

To give or bring back, as that which has been lost., or taken away; to bring back to the owner; to replace.
Now therefore restore the man his wife.
Loss of Eden, till one greater manRestore us, and regain the blissful seat.
The father banished virtue shall restore.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To restore to good working order, fix, or improve damaged condition; to mend; to remedy.
To repair a house, a road, a shoe, a ship
To repair a shattered fortune
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Restore

To renew; to reëstablish; as, to restore harmony among those who are variance.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To make amends for, as for an injury, by an equivalent; to indemnify for.
To repair a loss or damage
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

To give in place of, or as satisfaction for.
He shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To transfer oneself to another place.
To repair to sanctuary for safety
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Restore

To make good; to make amends for.
But if the while I think on thee, dear friend,All losses are restored, and sorrows end.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To pair again.
Please try to repair the two earbuds to each other. Place both earbuds back into the charging case, wait for four seconds, then open it and see if they have been repaired with one another.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

To bring back from a state of injury or decay, or from a changed condition; as, to restore a painting, statue, etc.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

The act of repairing something.
I took the car to the workshop for repair.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

Restoration.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

The result of repairing something.
If you look closely you can see the repair in the paintwork.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

Return to its original or usable and functioning condition;
Restore the forest to its original pristine condition
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Repair

The condition of something, in respect of need for repair.
The car was overall in poor repair before the accident. But after the workshop had it for three weeks it was returned in excellent repair. But the other vehicle was beyond repair.
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Restore

Return to life; get or give new life or energy;
The week at the spa restored me
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

The act of repairing or resorting to a place.
Our annual repair to the mountains
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Restore

Give or bring back;
Restore the stolen painting to its rightful owner
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

A place to which one goes frequently or habitually; a haunt.
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Restore

Restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;
She repaired her TV set
Repair my shoes please
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

To return.
I thought . . . that he repaire should again.
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Restore

Bring back into original existence, use, function, or position;
Restore law and order
Reestablish peace in the region
Restore the emperor to the throne
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Repair

To go; to betake one's self; to resort; ass, to repair to sanctuary for safety.
Go, mount the winds, and to the shades repair.
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Oct 19, 2023

Restore

Bring back to original condition.
The museum worked to restore the ancient painting.
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Dec 29, 2023

Repair

To restore to a sound or good state after decay, injury, dilapidation, or partial destruction; to renew; to restore; to mend; as, to repair a house, a road, a shoe, or a ship; to repair a shattered fortune.
Secret refreshings that repair his strength.
Do thou, as thou art wont, repairMy heart with gladness.
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Restore

Return something lost or stolen.
The police managed to restore the stolen goods to their owner.
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Dec 29, 2023

Repair

To make amends for, as for an injury, by an equivalent; to indemnify for; as, to repair a loss or damage.
I 'll repair the misery thou dost bear.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Restore

Revive something to its former condition.
The project aimed to restore the degraded wetlands.
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Repair

The act of repairing or resorting to a place.
The king sent a proclamation for their repair to their houses.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

Place to which one repairs; a haunt; a resort.
There the fierce winds his tender force assailAnd beat him downward to his first repair.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

Restoration to a sound or good state after decay, waste, injury, or partial restruction; supply of loss; reparation; as, materials are collected for the repair of a church or of a city.
Sunk down and sought repairOf sleep, which instantly fell on me.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

Condition with respect to soundness, perfectness, etc.; as, a house in good, or bad, repair; the book is out of repair.
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

The act of putting something in working order again
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

A formal way of referring to the condition of something;
The building was in good repair
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

A frequently visited place
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Repair

Restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;
She repaired her TV set
Repair my shoes please
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

Make amends for; pay compensation for;
One can never fully repair the suffering and losses of the Jews in the Third Reich
She was compensated for the loss of her arm in the accident
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Repair

Move, travel, or proceed toward some place;
He repaired to his cabin in the woods
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

Set straight or right;
Remedy these deficiencies
Rectify the inequities in salaries
Repair an oversight
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Oct 19, 2023

Repair

Give new life or energy to;
A hot soup will revive me
This will renovate my spirits
This treatment repaired my health
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Repair

Fix or mend something broken.
She took her watch to be repaired.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023

Repair

Remedy or rectify a situation.
The mayor promised to repair the city's infrastructure.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Is restore the same as replace?

No, restore means bringing back the original state, not replacing.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can repair involve using new parts?

Yes, repair often involves replacing damaged parts with new ones.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can repair be used for non-physical things?

Yes, like repairing a relationship or reputation.
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Dec 29, 2023

Is restoration only for old or historic items?

Mostly, but it can also apply to restoring anything to its former state.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can restore be used in a digital context?

Yes, like restoring data from a backup.
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Dec 29, 2023

Does restore always mean a complete return to the original state?

Ideally, yes, especially in contexts like art or historic preservation.
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Dec 29, 2023

Does repairing always require professional help?

It depends on the complexity of the damage.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can you repair a computer file?

Yes, by fixing the corrupted parts without necessarily restoring it.
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Dec 29, 2023

Is restoring always possible?

Not always, especially if the original state is irretrievably lost.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can repairing something make it like new?

Sometimes, but it may not be identical to the original.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can a repair be temporary?

Yes, some repairs are meant as short-term solutions.
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Dec 29, 2023

Is it cheaper to repair or restore?

Repairing is often cheaper, but it depends on the item and extent of damage.
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Dec 29, 2023

Is repair more common than restore?

Repair is more commonly used for routine fixes, while restore is more specific.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can environmental damage be restored?

Efforts can be made to restore it, but complete restoration may not always be possible.
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Dec 29, 2023

Is restoring a car the same as repairing it?

Restoring a car often means returning it to its original state, while repairing might just fix specific issues.
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Dec 29, 2023

Does restoration require specific skills?

Yes, especially in fields like art, where authenticity is key.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can software be restored?

Yes, often to a previous version or state.
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Dec 29, 2023

Does restoring affect the value of an item?

It can increase the value, especially if done authentically.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can you repair a deleted file?

Not repair, but you might be able to restore it from a backup.
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Dec 29, 2023

Is restoration a form of conservation?

Yes, especially in the context of art and historical buildings.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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