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Punjabi vs. Gujarati: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Punjabi is a language and cultural identity associated with the Punjab region in South Asia, whereas Gujarati is the language and cultural identity of Gujarat, also in South Asia.
Punjabi vs. Gujarati

Key Differences

Punjabi is the language spoken in the Punjab region, which spans parts of India and Pakistan. It's known for its rich literary tradition and is written in the Gurmukhi script in India and Shahmukhi script in Pakistan. Gujarati, on the other hand, is spoken in the state of Gujarat in India, characterized by its own distinct script and literary history.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
The Punjabi culture is celebrated for its vibrant music and dance forms like Bhangra and Giddha. Punjabi cuisine, with dishes like butter chicken and makki di roti, is known globally. Gujarati culture, in contrast, is renowned for its traditional dance forms like Garba and Dandiya, and its vegetarian cuisine featuring dishes like dhokla and thepla.
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Punjabi music has a significant presence in Indian and Pakistani pop culture, with many Punjabi artists gaining international fame. Gujarati music, though less globally recognized, plays a crucial role in the local and religious festivities of Gujarat.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
In terms of attire, Punjabi traditional dress includes the salwar kameez and turban, especially noted for its significance in Sikh culture. Gujarati traditional attire is distinct, with the women often wearing colorful ghagra-cholis and men wearing kediyu or kurta.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
The Punjabi diaspora, significant in countries like the UK, Canada, and the USA, actively promotes Punjabi language and culture overseas. The Gujarati diaspora, also extensive, particularly in the USA and UK, is known for its entrepreneurial spirit and contribution to business and trade.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Geographic Origin

Punjab region (India and Pakistan)
Gujarat state (India)
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Nov 16, 2023

Language Script

Gurmukhi (India), Shahmukhi (Pakistan)
Gujarati script
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Popular Cuisine

Rich, often non-vegetarian dishes
Primarily vegetarian dishes
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Traditional Dance

Bhangra, Giddha
Garba, Dandiya
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Music Influence

Significant in pop culture
Regional and religious influence
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Traditional Attire

Salwar kameez, Turban
Ghagra-choli, Kediyu or Kurta
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Literary Tradition

Rich, includes folklore and poetry
Distinct, with historical scriptures
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Global Diaspora

Large, spread across many countries
Known for entrepreneurship
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Punjabi and Gujarati Definitions

Punjabi

A style of music or dance originating from Punjab.
They danced all night to the Punjabi beats.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Gujarati

A language spoken in the Gujarat state of India.
She writes beautiful poetry in Gujarati.
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Punjabi

A person from the Punjab region.
The Punjabi community celebrated Vaisakhi with great enthusiasm.
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Gujarati

A person from Gujarat.
The Gujarati businessman started a new venture in the city.
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Punjabi

A language spoken in the Punjab region.
She is learning to write in Punjabi.
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Gujarati

A style of music or dance from Gujarat.
They learned traditional Gujarati Garba for the festival.
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Punjabi

Cuisine typical to the Punjab region.
Punjabi dishes are often rich and flavorful.
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Gujarati

Relating to Gujarat or its culture.
The Gujarati wedding was a grand, colorful affair.
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Punjabi

Relating to the Punjab region or its culture.
The Punjabi festival was filled with vibrant music and dance.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Gujarati

Cuisine typical to Gujarat.
Gujarati thali offers a variety of vegetarian dishes.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Punjabi

Of or relating to the Punjab or the Punjabi language.
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Oct 19, 2023

Gujarati

The Indic language of Gujarat.
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Punjabi

A native or inhabitant of the Punjab.
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Gujarati

A native or inhabitant of Gujarat.
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Punjabi

An Indic language spoken in the Punjab.
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Gujarati

A member of the people of Gujarat
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Punjabi

A member of the majority people of Punjab in northwestern India
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Gujarati

The Indic language spoken by the people of India who live in Gujarat in western India
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Punjabi

The Indic language spoken by most people in Punjab in northwestern India
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is the Punjabi language?

Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Punjab region.
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Nov 16, 2023

Where is Gujarati spoken?

Gujarati is mainly spoken in Gujarat, India.
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What script is used for Punjabi in India?

Punjabi in India is written in the Gurmukhi script.
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What script is Gujarati written in?

Gujarati is written in the Gujarati script.
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What are typical Gujarati dishes?

Typical Gujarati dishes include dhokla, khandvi, and thepla.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

What is Gujarati?

Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the state of Gujarat, India.
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Where is Punjabi primarily spoken?

Punjabi is spoken in Punjab, India, and Punjab, Pakistan.
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What are Punjabi cultural celebrations?

Punjabi culture celebrates festivals like Vaisakhi and Lohri.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

What is unique about Gujarati music?

Gujarati music is known for its folk and devotional songs.
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What is a traditional Punjabi dance?

A traditional Punjabi dance is Bhangra.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

What is a famous Gujarati dance form?

A famous Gujarati dance form is Garba.
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What is a popular Punjabi cuisine?

Popular Punjabi cuisine includes dishes like butter chicken and chole.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Can you name a Punjabi attire?

Traditional Punjabi attire includes salwar kameez for women and kurta-pajama for men.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

What is traditional Gujarati attire?

Traditional Gujarati attire includes ghagra-choli for women and kediyu for men.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

What are significant Gujarati cultural events?

Significant Gujarati events include Navratri and Diwali.
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Is Punjabi a language of instruction in schools?

Punjabi is a language of instruction in schools in the Punjab region.
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Does Punjabi have a rich literary history?

Yes, Punjabi has a rich literary tradition including poetry and folklore.
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Shumaila Saeed
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What about Gujarati literature?

Gujarati literature is diverse, including classical and contemporary works.
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Are there famous Punjabi musical styles?

Punjabi music is known for Bhangra and Punjabi pop.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 16, 2023

Is Gujarati taught in schools in Gujarat?

Yes, Gujarati is a primary language of instruction in schools in Gujarat.
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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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