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Presume vs. Assume: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
"Presume" implies belief based on probability or some evidence, while "Assume" involves taking something for granted without proof.
Presume vs. Assume

Key Differences

"Presume" often suggests a belief based on reasonable grounds or evidence, though not conclusive. In contrast, "Assume" typically implies accepting something as true without proof or on weaker grounds.
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Nov 18, 2023
When you presume something, you make an informed guess based on available evidence. Assuming, however, often involves a leap in judgment without requiring evidence.
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Nov 18, 2023
"Presume" carries a connotation of audacity or boldness in believing something without complete proof. "Assume" is generally less bold, often used in everyday situations where evidence is not strictly necessary.
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Nov 18, 2023
Presumptions are often open to being challenged or disproved, given their basis in probabilities. Assumptions, however, are more about accepting a premise at face value, often as a starting point for further reasoning.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023
Lastly, "Presume" is used in legal contexts to indicate a conclusion drawn from available evidence, while "Assume" is used in various contexts, including theoretical or hypothetical situations.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Basis

Based on some evidence or likelihood
Often without any evidence
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Nov 18, 2023

Connotation

Suggests a degree of audacity
Less bold, more common in everyday use
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Nov 18, 2023

Contexts of Use

Legal, formal discussions
Everyday, theoretical situations
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Nov 18, 2023

Strength of Belief

Stronger, but open to challenge
More about accepting without question
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Nov 18, 2023

Nature

Informed guess or inference
Acceptance or supposition at face value
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Nov 18, 2023
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Presume and Assume Definitions

Presume

Boldly Suppose
She presumed success was certain.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Assume

Suppose
I assume you've finished your homework.
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Nov 15, 2023

Presume

Act Without Permission
They presumed to make decisions on my behalf.
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Nov 15, 2023

Assume

Begin to Have
The sky assumed a reddish hue at sunset.
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Presume

Infer
I presume you’re busy this weekend.
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Nov 15, 2023
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Assume

Take on (a role)
He assumed the role of leader.
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Nov 15, 2023

Presume

Legal Inference
In law, innocence is presumed until proven guilty.
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Nov 15, 2023

Assume

Undertake
We assume responsibility for our actions.
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Nov 15, 2023

Presume

To take for granted as being true in the absence of proof to the contrary
"I presume you're tired after the long ride" (Edith Wharton).
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To take for granted; suppose
The study assumes that prices will rise.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To constitute reasonable evidence for assuming; appear to prove
A signed hotel bill presumes occupancy of a room.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To take upon oneself (a duty or obligation)
Assume responsibility.
Assume another's debts.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To venture without authority or permission; dare
He presumed to invite himself to dinner.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To undertake the duties of (an office)
Assumed the presidency.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To take for granted that something is true or factual; make a supposition.
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To take on (an appearance, role, or form, for example); adopt
"The god assumes a human form" (John Ruskin).
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To act presumptuously or take unwarranted advantage of something
Don't presume on their hospitality.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To pretend to have; feign
Assume an air of authority.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

(transitive) With infinitive object: to be so presumptuous as (to do something) without proper authority or permission.
I wouldn't presume to tell him how to do his job.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To take over without justification; seize
Assume control.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To perform, do (something) without authority; to lay claim to without permission.
Don't make the decision yourself and presume too much.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To clothe oneself in; don
The queen assumed a velvet robe.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

(transitive) To assume or suggest to be true (without proof); to take for granted, to suppose.
Paw-prints in the snow allow us to presume a visit from next door's cat.
Dr. Livingstone, I presume?
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To take up or receive into heaven.
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Oct 19, 2023

Presume

(transitive) To take as a premise; to assume for the sake of argument.
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To make a supposition; suppose or believe
"Is Kay's husband coming to dinner too?" "I assume so.".
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

(intransitive) To be presumptuous; with on, upon, to take advantage (of), to take liberties (with).
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof
We assume that, as her parents were dentists, she knows quite a bit about dentistry.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To assume or take beforehand; esp., to do or undertake without leave or authority previously obtained.
Dare he presume to scorn us in this manner?
Bold deed thou hast presumed, adventurous Eve.
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To take on a position, duty or form
Mr. Jones will assume the position of a lifeguard until a proper replacement is found.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To take or suppose to be true, or entitled to belief, without examination or proof, or on the strength of probability; to take for granted; to infer; to suppose.
Every man is to be presumed innocent till he is proved to be guilty.
What rests but that the mortal sentence pass, . . . Which he presumes already vain and void,Because not yet inflicted?
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To adopt a feigned quality or manner; to claim without right; to arrogate
He assumed an air of indifference
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Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To suppose or assume something to be, or to be true, on grounds deemed valid, though not amounting to proof; to believe by anticipation; to infer; as, we may presume too far.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To receive, adopt (a person)
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Oct 19, 2023

Presume

To venture, go, or act, by an assumption of leave or authority not granted; to go beyond what is warranted by the circumstances of the case; to venture beyond license; to take liberties; - often with on or upon before the ground of confidence.
Do not presume too much upon my love.
This man presumes upon his parts.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To adopt (an idea or cause)
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Oct 19, 2023

Presume

Take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof;
I assume his train was late
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly.
Trembling they stand while Jove assumes the throne.
The god assumed his native form again.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

Take upon oneself; act presumptuously, without permission;
How dare you call my lawyer?
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively.
The consequences of assumed principles.
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Oct 19, 2023

Presume

Constitute reasonable evidence for;
A restaurant bill presumes the consumption of food
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To pretend to possess; to take in appearance.
Ambition assuming the mask of religion.
Assume a virtue, if you have it not.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

Take liberties or act with too much confidence
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To receive or adopt.
The sixth was a young knight of lesser renown and lower rank, assumed into that honorable company.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Presume

Take for Granted
He presumed her agreement without asking.
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Nov 15, 2023

Assume

To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

To undertake, as by a promise.
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof;
I assume his train was late
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities;
When will the new President assume office?
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect;
His voice took on a sad tone
The story took a new turn
He adopted an air of superiority
She assumed strange manners
The gods assume human or animal form in these fables
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person;
I'll accept the charges
She agreed to bear the responsibility
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Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Occupy or take on;
He assumes the lotus position
She took her seat on the stage
We took our seats in the orchestra
She took up her position behind the tree
Strike a pose
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession;
He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town
He usurped my rights
She seized control of the throne after her husband died
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Make a pretence of;
She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger
He feigned sleep
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Christianity, obsolete; take up someone's soul into heaven;
This is the day when May was assumed into heaven
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Put clothing on one's body;
What should I wear today?
He put on his best suit for the wedding
The princess donned a long blue dress
The queen assumed the stately robes
He got into his jeans
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Assume

Adopt
She assumed a false identity.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 15, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

How is presume used in legal terms?

It implies a conclusion based on evidence, like presuming innocence.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

What does it mean to presume something?

To believe based on probability or partial evidence.
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Nov 18, 2023

Can you assume without any basis?

Yes, assumptions don't necessarily require evidence.
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Nov 18, 2023

Can presume be challengeable?

Yes, presumptions are often open to being disproved.
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Nov 18, 2023

Do assumptions form the basis for theories?

Yes, many theories start with basic assumptions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Is presuming based on evidence?

Yes, often on reasonable grounds but not conclusive proof.
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Nov 18, 2023

Does assume always imply certainty?

Not necessarily; it's more about accepting a premise.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Is assuming a deliberate action?

It can be, especially when choosing to accept something as true.
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Nov 18, 2023

Is it bold to presume?

It can be seen as audacious, given the lack of full proof.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Can you presume in everyday conversation?

Yes, but it often implies some logical basis.
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Nov 18, 2023

What is assuming in a general sense?

Taking something for granted without needing proof.
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Nov 18, 2023

Are presumptions always correct?

Not always, as they are based on probabilities.
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Nov 18, 2023

Can assumptions lead to errors?

Yes, especially if the assumptions are unfounded.
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Nov 18, 2023

Are assumptions common in daily life?

Very common, as many actions are based on assumptions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

How does assuming affect decision-making?

Assumptions can guide or misguide decisions, depending on their accuracy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Does presuming require confidence?

Yes, it involves a certain level of confidence in one's inference.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Can you make an assumption about someone's feelings?

Yes, but it might not always be accurate without direct communication.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Can you presume someone’s intentions?

Yes, based on their behavior or past actions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Is presuming a rational process?

Yes, it often involves rational inference.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Is assuming necessary for planning?

Often, as plans are based on certain assumptions about the future.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

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Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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