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Ox vs. Buffalo: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Oxen are domesticated, castrated male cattle used for labor, while buffaloes are wild or domesticated bovines from Asia or Africa, known for their large horns.
Ox vs. Buffalo

Key Differences

Oxen are domesticated cattle, specifically castrated male bovines. They have been used in agricultural societies for centuries for plowing and transportation. Buffaloes, on the other hand, refer to two distinct species - the Asian Water Buffalo and the African Buffalo. These animals have been less widely domesticated and are known for their strength and large horns.
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Dec 01, 2023
The physical build of an ox is robust, designed for laborious tasks, with a less prominent hump compared to buffaloes. Buffaloes are characterized by their large size, massive horns, and a pronounced hump, especially in the case of the Asian species.
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Dec 01, 2023
Oxen are found globally, wherever cattle are raised and used for work. Buffaloes are primarily native to Asia (Water Buffalo) and Africa (African Buffalo). Their distribution is more geographically limited compared to the widespread use of oxen.
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Dec 01, 2023
Oxen are primarily used for draught purposes, such as plowing fields and pulling carts. Buffaloes, particularly the domesticated Water Buffalo, are used in some regions for similar purposes, but they are also valued for their milk, meat, and hide.
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Dec 01, 2023
Both oxen and buffaloes hold significant cultural value in various societies. Oxen are often associated with agricultural and pastoral life, symbolizing hard work and endurance. Buffaloes have a strong presence in the culture and folklore of regions like South Asia and Africa, symbolizing strength and resilience.
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Dec 01, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Definition

A castrated male bovine used for labor.
A large bovine native to Asia and Africa.
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Habitat

Domesticated globally.
Native to Asia and Africa.
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Physical Traits

Smaller horns, castrated.
Large horns, pronounced hump.
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Usage

Used for plowing, transportation.
Used for plowing, milk, meat, hide.
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Cultural Significance

Symbolizes hard work, endurance.
Represents strength, resilience.
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Ox and Buffalo Definitions

Ox

An ox is a castrated male bovine trained for draft work.
The farmer used his ox to plow the fields.
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Nov 25, 2023

Buffalo

A buffalo is a large bovine native to Asia or Africa with big horns.
The water buffalo bathed in the muddy waters of the river.
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Nov 25, 2023

Ox

An ox is a bovine that has been domesticated for labor.
The ox pulled the cart along the village road.
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Nov 25, 2023

Buffalo

Buffaloes are characterized by their large size and heavy horns.
The herd of buffaloes moved majestically across the savanna.
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Nov 25, 2023

Ox

An ox is a large, strong farm animal used for plowing.
The old ox still had the strength to work the land.
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Nov 25, 2023
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Buffalo

Buffaloes are wild or domesticated animals known for their strength.
Domesticated buffaloes are essential for farming in some regions.
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Nov 25, 2023

Ox

Oxen are cattle bred and used for heavy tasks.
The pair of oxen efficiently moved the heavy logs.
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Nov 25, 2023

Buffalo

A buffalo is a member of the bovine family, larger than a cow.
The African buffalo is known for its unpredictable nature.
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Nov 25, 2023

Ox

An adult castrated bull of the genus Bos, especially B. taurus, used chiefly as a draft animal.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

Any of several large African and Asian ruminant mammals of the family Bovidae, such as the water buffalo and the African buffalo.
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Oct 19, 2023

Ox

A bovine mammal, especially one that has been domesticated.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

The American bison (Bison bison).
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Oct 19, 2023

Ox

An adult castrated male of cattle (B. taurus), especially when used as a beast of burden.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

The flesh of the American bison, used as food.
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Oct 19, 2023

Ox

Any bovine animal (genus Bos). A neat, a beef.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

Any of several North American suckers of the genus Ictiobus, having a dark body and an arched back. Also called buffalo fish.
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Ox

Abbreviation of oxygen
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Buffalo

To intimidate or frighten, as by a display of authority
“The board couldn't buffalo the federal courts as it had the Comptroller” (American Banker).
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Oct 19, 2023

Ox

The male of bovine quadrupeds, especially the domestic animal when castrated and grown to its full size, or nearly so. The word is also applied, as a general name, to any species of bovine animals, male and female.
All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

To confuse or deceive
“Too often ... job seekers have buffaloed lenders as to their competency and training” (H. Jane Lehman).
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Oct 19, 2023

Ox

An adult castrated bull of the genus Bos; especially Bos taurus
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

Any of the Old World mammals of the family Bovidae, such as the Cape buffalo, Syncerus caffer, or the water buffalo Bubalus bubalis.
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Oct 19, 2023

Ox

Any of various wild bovines especially of the genera Bos or closely related Bibos
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

A related North American animal, the American bison, Bison bison.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Ox

Oxen are used historically in transportation and agriculture.
The museum displayed tools used by oxen in early agriculture.
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Nov 25, 2023

Buffalo

Ellipsis of buffalo robe
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

The buffalo fish (Ictiobus spp.).
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Buffalo

A nickel.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

(transitive) To hunt buffalo.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

To outwit, confuse, deceive, or intimidate.
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Buffalo

To pistol-whip.
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Buffalo

A species of the genus Bos or Bubalus (Bubalus bubalus), originally from India, but now found in most of the warmer countries of the eastern continent. It is larger and less docile than the common ox, and is fond of marshy places and rivers.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

A very large and savage species of the same genus (Syncerus Caffer syn. Bubalus Caffer) found in South Africa; - called also Cape buffalo.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

Any species of wild ox.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

The bison of North America.
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Buffalo

A buffalo robe. See Buffalo robe, below.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

The buffalo fish. See Buffalofish, below.
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

Large shaggy-haired brown bison of North American plains
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Buffalo

A city on Lake Erie in western New York (near Niagara Falls)
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Buffalo

Meat from an American bison
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

Any of several Old World animals resembling oxen including, e.g., water buffalo; Cape buffalo
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Oct 19, 2023

Buffalo

Intimidate or overawe
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Buffalo

Buffalo refers to animals used for milk, meat, and agricultural work.
The farmer relied on his buffalo for both milk and plowing the field.
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Nov 25, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Are oxen a separate species?

No, oxen are not a separate species; they are domesticated cattle, specifically castrated male bovines.
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Dec 01, 2023

What are the main types of buffalo?

The main types of buffalo are the Asian Water Buffalo and the African Buffalo.
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What is a buffalo?

A buffalo is a large bovine native to Asia or Africa, known for its large horns.
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Dec 01, 2023

Can oxen be any breed of cattle?

Yes, oxen can be any breed of cattle that has been trained for draft work.
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Dec 01, 2023

What tasks are oxen used for?

Oxen are primarily used for plowing, hauling, and other heavy draft work.
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Dec 01, 2023

Are buffaloes domesticated?

Asian Water Buffaloes are often domesticated, while African Buffaloes are generally wild.
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Dec 01, 2023

How long can oxen work in agriculture?

Oxen can work in agriculture for many years, often up to a decade or more.
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What products are derived from buffaloes?

Products from buffaloes include milk, meat, and leather.
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Do buffaloes have any cultural significance?

Yes, buffaloes hold cultural significance in many regions, especially in parts of Asia and Africa.
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What is an ox?

An ox is a castrated male cattle used for draft work.
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Dec 01, 2023

Is buffalo milk used for human consumption?ax

Yes, particularly the milk of the Water Buffalo is used in many parts of the world.
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Dec 01, 2023

Are buffaloes endangered?

Some buffalo species, like the Wild Asian Buffalo, are endangered, but others are not.
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Dec 01, 2023

Are oxen easy to train?

Oxen are known for being trainable and reliable, but training requires time and skill.
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Dec 01, 2023

Can oxen be used for meat?

Yes, after their working life, oxen can be used for meat.
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Dec 01, 2023

What is the difference in size between an ox and a buffalo?

Buffaloes are generally larger and heavier than most oxen.
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Dec 01, 2023

Are oxen and buffaloes used in religious or ceremonial roles?

Yes, in some cultures, both oxen and buffaloes have religious or ceremonial significance.
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Dec 01, 2023

Do oxen still have a role in modern agriculture?

Yes, in many parts of the world, oxen are still vital for small-scale and sustainable agriculture.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 01, 2023

What is the temperament of buffaloes?

Domesticated buffaloes are generally docile, but wild buffaloes, like the African Buffalo, can be quite aggressive.
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Dec 01, 2023

What is the lifespan of an ox?

The lifespan of an ox is typically around 15 to 20 years.
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Dec 01, 2023

What are the physical characteristics of a buffalo?

Buffaloes are characterized by their large size, massive horns, and in some species, a large hump.
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Dec 01, 2023

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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