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Natural Science vs. Social Science: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 9, 2024
Natural Science studies the physical world through experiments; Social Science explores human behavior and societies.
Natural Science vs. Social Science

Key Differences

Natural Science delves into the physical and natural world, employing empirical methods and experimentation. Social Science, in contrast, focuses on human behavior and societal structures, utilizing qualitative and quantitative analyses.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024
The methodology in Natural Science is often experimental and data-driven, seeking to establish universal laws. Social Science, however, primarily uses observational and statistical methods to understand societal trends and human interactions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024
Natural Science disciplines include physics, chemistry, and biology, which explore the laws of nature. Social Science encompasses fields like sociology, psychology, and anthropology, studying various aspects of human society.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024
In Natural Science, reproducibility and predictability are key, as it often seeks to explain natural phenomena through theories and models. Social Science is more interpretive, focusing on understanding the complexities of human behavior and social systems.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024
The impact of Natural Science is seen in technological advancements and understanding of the physical universe, while Social Science influences social policies, cultural understanding, and human psychology.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Primary Focus

Physical and natural phenomena
Human behavior and societies
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Methodologies

Experimental, quantitative
Observational, qualitative, quantitative
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Key Disciplines

Biology, Chemistry, Physics
Sociology, Psychology, Anthropology
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Outcome Objectives

Universal laws, technological advancements
Societal understanding, policy formulation
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Nature of Conclusions

Reproducible, often universally applicable
Contextual, interpretive, varies with society
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Jan 09, 2024
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Natural Science and Social Science Definitions

Natural Science

It involves rigorous testing and empirical evidence.
Natural Science relies on experiments, like those conducted in particle accelerators.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Social Science

Social Science employs qualitative and quantitative research methods.
Conducting surveys to gauge public opinion is a method used in Social Science.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Natural Science

Natural Science is the study of natural phenomena through observation and experimentation.
Studying the properties of water in different states is an aspect of Natural Science.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Social Science

It includes disciplines like sociology, psychology, and economics.
In Social Science, understanding consumer behavior is a key aspect of economics.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Natural Science

Natural Science contributes to technological advancements and practical applications.
The development of renewable energy technologies is fueled by principles of Natural Science.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023
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Social Science

Social Science contributes to policy-making and cultural understanding.
Social Science research influences educational reforms and policies.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Natural Science

It encompasses disciplines like biology, physics, and chemistry.
In Natural Science, analyzing the DNA structure falls under the domain of biology.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Social Science

Social Science is the study of human society and social relationships.
Analyzing voting patterns in elections is a research area in Social Science.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Natural Science

Natural Science seeks to uncover the laws governing the physical world.
Newton's laws of motion are foundational principles in Natural Science.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Social Science

It aims to understand and improve societal functioning and human behavior.
Social Science explores the impact of social media on mental health.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is the main focus of Natural Science?

Natural Science focuses on understanding the physical and natural world.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Are the methods in Natural Science mostly experimental?

Yes, Natural Science heavily relies on experiments and empirical data.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

What are some key methodologies in Social Science?

Social Science uses qualitative and quantitative research methods, including surveys and case studies.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

How does Social Science impact society?

Social Science influences social policies, education, and cultural understanding.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

What role does observation play in Social Science?

Observation is crucial in Social Science for understanding human behavior and societal trends.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

How does Social Science contribute to policy formulation?

Social Science research provides insights into societal needs and behaviors, guiding policy decisions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Can Natural Science be used to study supernatural phenomena?

No, Natural Science deals with natural, observable phenomena and cannot study the supernatural.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Can Natural Science change technological landscapes?

Yes, advancements in Natural Science often lead to technological breakthroughs.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Can Natural Science theories be universally applied?

Yes, many Natural Science theories are intended to be universally applicable.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Give an example of a Social Science study.

A study on the effects of social media on mental health is an example of Social Science research.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

What are some practical applications of Social Science?

Social Science research informs policy-making, market research, education, and social services.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

What differentiates the disciplines within Natural Science?

Disciplines in Natural Science vary based on their study subject, like life sciences (biology) vs physical sciences (physics).
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

What is the role of experimentation in Natural Science?

Experimentation allows scientists to gather data and test hypotheses to validate or refute scientific theories.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Is mathematics a part of Natural Science?

Mathematics is a fundamental tool used extensively in Natural Science.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Can Social Science be considered a science like Natural Science?

While Social Science shares some scientific methodologies, it often deals with more subjective and complex phenomena, leading to debates about its status as a "science."
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

What is the scientific method in Natural Science?

The scientific method is a systematic approach involving observation, hypothesis formation, experimentation, and analysis to test and refine theories.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

What are some practical applications of Natural Science?

Examples include medical advances, technological innovations, and environmental conservation.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Is ethics a part of Social Science?

Yes, ethics often plays a significant role in Social Science, especially in research involving human subjects.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Give an example of a Natural Science experiment.

A classic example is the Galileo's inclined plane experiment to study the acceleration of falling objects.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Can Social Science predict human behavior with certainty?

Social Science can provide insights and predictions but cannot guarantee absolute certainty due to the complexity of human behavior.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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