Difference Between
versus

Monomer vs. Polymer: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
A monomer is a single molecule that can bind chemically to other molecules to form a polymer, while a polymer is a large molecule composed of repeating monomeric units.
Monomer vs. Polymer

Key Differences

A monomer is a basic building block or a single molecule that can react with other monomer molecules to form a polymer, which is a larger, more complex structure. Polymers consist of repeated units of monomers linked together through chemical bonds.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023
Monomers are typically small and simple in structure, making them the fundamental units for constructing more complex polymer structures. Polymers, on the other hand, can be large and have a wide range of physical and chemical properties, depending on the types and arrangements of monomers they are composed of.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023
In terms of functionality, monomers can react with themselves or other types of monomers to create a variety of polymers. Polymers, due to their diverse and complex nature, find extensive applications in different fields like plastics, textiles, and biotechnology.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023
Monomers often possess reactive groups that allow them to undergo polymerization. Polymers, resulting from this process, can be linear, branched, or cross-linked, depending on how monomers are connected.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023
Examples of monomers include glucose, ethylene, and amino acids, which are the building blocks for polymers like starch, polyethylene, and proteins, respectively. Each polymer's properties and uses depend largely on the nature of its constituent monomers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Definition

A single molecule that can form chemical bonds with other molecules.
A large molecule composed of repeating monomeric units.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Size

Small, simple structure.
Large, complex structure.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Reactivity

Can react to form polymers.
Formed from the reaction of monomers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Examples

Glucose, ethylene, amino acids.
Starch, polyethylene, proteins.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Applications

Basic unit in polymerization.
Used in various industries like plastics and textiles.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Monomer and Polymer Definitions

Monomer

A single, simple molecule capable of forming bonds.
Glucose is a monomer that forms the polymer starch.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Polymer

A large molecule composed of repeating monomeric units.
Polyethylene, a common polymer, is used in plastic bags.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Monomer

Possesses reactive groups for polymerization.
Amino acids are monomers that link to form proteins.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Polymer

Formed through polymerization of monomers.
Polystyrene is a polymer derived from styrene monomers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Monomer

A building block for synthetic and natural polymers.
Ethylene monomer is used to make polyethylene.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Polymer

Can be linear, branched, or cross-linked structures.
Nylon, a synthetic polymer, is used in textiles.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Monomer

Small molecule in various chemical reactions.
Vinyl chloride monomer is critical in making PVC.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Polymer

Exhibits diverse physical and chemical properties.
Silicone polymers are known for their heat resistance.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Monomer

Fundamental unit in macromolecular chemistry.
Monomers like styrene are essential in creating polystyrene.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Polymer

Used in various applications, from plastics to biotechnology.
DNA, a natural polymer, carries genetic information.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Monomer

A molecule that can combine with other molecules to form a polymer.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Polymer

Any of numerous natural and synthetic compounds of usually high molecular weight consisting of up to millions of repeated linked units, each a relatively light and simple molecule.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Monomer

(chemistry) A relatively small molecule which can be covalently bonded to other monomers to form a polymer.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Polymer

(organic chemistry) A long or larger molecule consisting of a chain or network of many repeating units, formed by chemically bonding together many identical or similar small molecules called monomers. A polymer is formed by polymerization, the joining of many monomer molecules.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Monomer

The basic conceptual building unit of a polymer; a molecule of low molecular weight which may combine with other molecules to form a molecule in a chain or branched form having high molecular weight; as, amino acids are the monomer units which are combined to form proteins; vinylic plastics are formed from monomers having a vinyl group.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Polymer

A material consisting of such polymer molecules.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Monomer

A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form polymers
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Polymer

Any one of two or more substances related to each other by polymerism; specifically, a substance produced from another substance by chemical polymerization.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Polymer

A naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

How do monomers form polymers?

Through chemical reactions, often involving polymerization.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

What is a polymer?

A large molecule made of repeating monomeric units.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Can polymers be natural or synthetic?

Yes, polymers can be both natural (like DNA) and synthetic (like nylon).
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

What is a monomer?

A single molecule that can chemically bond to form polymers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Are all monomers the same?

No, monomers vary in structure and chemical properties.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

What makes monomers reactive?

They have functional groups that can bond with other molecules.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Do monomers have a specific size?

They are generally small and simple molecules.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Do polymers have a high molecular weight?

Yes, polymers typically have high molecular weights.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Are all monomers safe to handle?

No, some monomers can be toxic or hazardous.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Are polymers always solids?

No, polymers can be solid, liquid, or gel-like.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Are all polymers biodegradable?

No, some synthetic polymers are not biodegradable.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

How are monomers sourced?

They can be derived from natural sources or synthesized chemically.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Are polymers recyclable?

Some polymers are recyclable, but not all.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

How versatile are polymer applications?

Very versatile, used in fields from medicine to engineering.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Can polymers conduct electricity?

Some specially designed polymers can conduct electricity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

What is polymerization?

It's the chemical process of linking monomers to form polymers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Can monomers form different types of polymers?

Yes, depending on the monomers and conditions of polymerization.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Can monomers exist independently?

Yes, monomers can exist as independent molecules.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Are polymers essential in daily life?

Absolutely, they're key components in many everyday products.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

What's the difference between linear and branched polymers?

It's the structure; linear has straight chains, branched has side chains.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 24, 2023

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

Poster vs. InfographicPoster vs. Infographic
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Poster is a large printed image or notice for public display, while an Infographic is a visual representation of information or data.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
Pulley vs. SheavePulley vs. Sheave
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 4, 2024
A pulley is a wheel on an axle designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable, while a sheave is the wheel part of a pulley system that specifically interacts with the cable.
LTE vs. CDMALTE vs. CDMA
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a 4G wireless communication standard with high-speed data transfer, while CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) is an older 2G/3G technology for mobile networks.
Nike Air Force 1 LE vs. Nike Air Force 1 '07Nike Air Force 1 LE vs. Nike Air Force 1 ’07
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 16, 2024
Nike Air Force 1 LE often represents limited edition releases with unique designs, while Nike Air Force 1 '07 is a modern version of the classic, maintaining the iconic style with updated materials.
House of Representatives vs. SenateHouse of Representatives vs. Senate
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
The House of Representatives, based on population, drafts tax legislation and impeachment charges, while the Senate, with equal representation per state, tries impeachments and ratifies treaties.
Pycharm Community vs. Pycharm ProPycharm Community vs. Pycharm Pro
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
PyCharm Community is a free, open-source IDE for Python development, while PyCharm Pro is a paid version with additional advanced features like web development support and database tools.
Formal Assessment vs. Informal AssessmentFormal Assessment vs. Informal Assessment
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Formal assessments are structured and standardized, while informal assessments are flexible and observational.
Login vs. LogonLogin vs. Logon
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Login" and "Logon" are often used interchangeably to describe the process of gaining access to a computer system, but "login" can also refer to the credentials used for access.
Goth vs. AltGoth vs. Alt
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 5, 2024
Goth is a dark, often Victorian-influenced subculture and style, while Alt (alternative) is a broader term encompassing non-mainstream styles and attitudes.
Moms vs. Mom'sMoms vs. Mom’s
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 22, 2024
"Moms" is the plural form of "mom," referring to multiple mothers, while "Mom's" is the possessive form of "mom," indicating something belongs to or is related to a mother.
Shall vs. Shall beShall vs. Shall be
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 14, 2024
"Shall" is a modal verb used to indicate future action or a strong intention, while "shall be" is its future tense form, often implying a sense of obligation or inevitability.
FPTP vs. PRFPTP vs. PR
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 16, 2024
FPTP (First Past the Post) is a simple plurality voting system where the candidate with most votes wins; PR (Proportional Representation) allocates seats based on the proportion of votes each party receives.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
Contact Force vs. Field ForceContact Force vs. Field Force
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Contact Force is a force applied through physical contact, while Field Force acts over a distance without physical contact.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
NM3 vs. M3NM3 vs. M3
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 19, 2024
NM3 measures gas volume under Normal conditions (0°C and 1.01325 bar), while M3 measures volume under the conditions at which it is measured, without standard adjustment.
Term vs. SemesterTerm vs. Semester
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Term is a general period for any division of the academic year, while Semester specifically refers to half of an academic year.
Positivism vs. Post-PositivismPositivism vs. Post-Positivism
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
May 26, 2024
Positivism emphasizes observable, empirical evidence and the scientific method, while post-positivism recognizes the limitations of pure objectivity and incorporates subjective perspectives.
Cache Memory vs. Main MemoryCache Memory vs. Main Memory
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
May 18, 2024
Cache memory is a fast, volatile memory for quick access to frequently used data, enhancing processor speed. Main memory (RAM) is a larger, slower volatile memory for currently used data and programs.
FHSS vs. DSSSFHSS vs. DSSS
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 25, 2024
FHSS (Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum) uses rapid frequency changes within a band. DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum) spreads signals over a wider frequency using a code.
Armani Exchange vs. Emporio ArmaniArmani Exchange vs. Emporio Armani
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
Armani Exchange is a youth-focused, more affordable fashion line under the Armani brand, while Emporio Armani is a higher-end line targeting young adults with a modern style.
2chan vs. 4chan2chan vs. 4chan
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 1, 2024
2chan is a Japanese imageboard primarily for sharing images and discussion. 4chan is an English-language imageboard with a diverse range of topics and more international user base.
CeraVe vs. LubridermCeraVe vs. Lubriderm
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 8, 2024
CeraVe and Lubriderm are both skincare brands; CeraVe focuses on ceramide-rich formulas, while Lubriderm is known for its basic, gentle moisturizers.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons