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Fascism vs. Militarism: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 29, 2023
Fascism is a political ideology emphasizing authoritarian nationalism. Militarism is the belief or desire of a government or people to maintain a strong military capability.
Fascism vs. Militarism

Key Differences

Fascism is a political system where power is centralized in a dictator and the state, often characterized by strict social and economic control and a strong, centralized government. Militarism, in contrast, is the emphasis on military strength and readiness, often prioritizing the military over other aspects of society.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023
Fascism often suppresses opposition and strongly emphasizes nationalist sentiments, sometimes leading to expansionist policies. Militarism, while not necessarily expansionist, involves a focus on military power and its use as a tool of policy, which can be prevalent in various government forms.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023
In Fascism, the state's role is paramount, and individual rights are often suppressed for the collective good, as defined by the ruling party. Militarism does not inherently suppress individual rights but may lead to a society where military values like discipline and hierarchy overshadow civilian values.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023
Fascism typically involves a propaganda-driven push for loyalty to the state and its leader. In contrast, Militarism may exist in a democracy, emphasizing the importance of military forces and their role in society without necessarily promoting a single leader or party.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023
Fascism often includes a disdain for electoral democracy and political pluralism, favoring a single-party rule. Militarism, however, can exist within various political systems, including democratic ones, and does not inherently oppose political plurality or democracy.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
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Comparison Chart

Ideological Focus

Authoritarian nationalism
Emphasis on military strength
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Government Structure

Centralized, dictatorial
Can vary, but military has significant influence
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Political Liberty

Often suppressed
Not necessarily suppressed
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Expansionist Tendency

Common
Not inherently expansionist
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Role in Society

State and leader-centric
Military values emphasized
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Fascism and Militarism Definitions

Fascism

Political philosophy that exalts nation above the individual.
Fascism often leads to aggressive nationalism and racism.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023

Militarism

Glorification of the military and readiness for conflict.
Militarism led to a society obsessed with military prowess.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023

Fascism

Regime characterized by dictatorial power and forcible suppression of opposition.
The fascist regime quickly dismantled democratic institutions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023

Militarism

The belief that a country should maintain a strong military.
The rise in militarism was evident in the increased defense budget.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023

Fascism

A system where the state has complete power over all aspects of life.
Under fascism, individual freedoms were sacrificed for state control.
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Militarism

Predominance of the armed forces in the administration of a state.
Under militarism, the military had significant influence over government decisions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023

Fascism

A movement that promotes an extreme form of nationalism and militarism.
Fascism in the 20th century led to devastating wars.
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Dec 29, 2023

Militarism

A policy of aggressive military preparedness.
Militarism contributed to the nation's aggressive foreign policy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 29, 2023

Fascism

A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, a capitalist economy subject to stringent governmental controls, violent suppression of the opposition, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

Glorification of the ideals of a professional military class.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

A political philosophy or movement based on or advocating such a system of government.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

Predominance of the armed forces in the administration or policy of the state.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

Oppressive, dictatorial control.
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Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

A policy in which military preparedness is of primary importance to a state.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

Any right-wing, authoritarian, nationalist ideology characterized by centralized, totalitarian governance, strong regimentation of the economy and society, and repression of criticism or opposition.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

An ideology which claims that the military is the foundation of a society's security, and thereby its most important aspect.
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Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

Any system of strong autocracy or oligarchy usually to the extent of bending and breaking the law, race-baiting, and/or violence against largely unarmed populations.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

A focus on, or excessive use of, military force.
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Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

Any extreme reliance on or enforcement of rules and regulations.
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Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

A military state or condition; a military system; reliance on military force in administering government.
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Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

A political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government; - opposed to democracy and liberalism.
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Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

The spirit and traditions of military life.
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Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

An authoritarian system of government under absolute control of a single dictator, allowing no political opposition, forcibly suppressing dissent, and rigidly controlling most industrial and economic activities. Such regimes usually try to achieve popularity by a strongly nationalistic appeal, often mixed with racism.
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Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

The view that military strength, efficiency and values should dominate the country's public policy choices and take precedence over other interests.
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Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

Specifically, the Fascist movement led by Benito Mussolini in Italy from 1922 to 1943.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

The policy of maintaining a large military force, even in peacetime; - a term usually used by opponents of such a policy on the assumption that such a large force is unnecessary for national defense.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

Broadly, a tendency toward or support of a strongly authoritarian or dictatorial control of government or other organizations; - often used pejoratively in this sense.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

A political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Fascism

A political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Militarism

Emphasis on military power in resolving international disputes.
Militarism often leads to a preference for using military force in diplomacy.
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Dec 29, 2023

Fascism

A system of authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing government.
Under fascism, the government suppressed all forms of political dissent.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Is Militarism always linked to aggression?

Not necessarily; it's more about prioritizing military strength and readiness, which can be defensive.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can Fascism and Militarism coexist?

Yes, a fascist state can also be militaristic, but they are not dependent on each other.
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Dec 29, 2023

Do Fascist governments always engage in expansionism?

Often, but not always. Expansionism is common in fascist ideologies but not a defining feature.
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Dec 29, 2023

What are the key characteristics of Militarism?

Emphasis on military strength, readiness for war, and the influence of military values on society.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can a democratic country be militaristic?

Yes, a democracy can maintain a focus on military strength and values.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can Fascism exist without a dictator?

While it typically involves a dictatorial leader, some forms of fascism may have different leadership structures.
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What is Fascism?

A political ideology that promotes a dictatorial, one-party state with stringent social and economic control.
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Dec 29, 2023

How does Fascism affect individual rights?

Fascism often suppresses individual rights in favor of state control and nationalistic goals.
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What impact does Militarism have on society?

It can lead to a society where military success and values are highly esteemed.
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Dec 29, 2023

Is Fascism linked to a specific economic system?

No, it can coexist with different economic systems but often involves state control over key industries.
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Dec 29, 2023

Can Militarism exist independently of the government type?

Yes, it can exist in various forms of government, including democracies and dictatorships.
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Does Militarism require a large military?

Not necessarily large, but well-funded and influential in national affairs.
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How does Militarism impact a country's foreign policy?

It often leads to a more aggressive and military-focused foreign policy.
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Dec 29, 2023

Does Fascism allow political opposition?

Generally, no. Fascism typically suppresses political pluralism and opposition.
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Can Militarism lead to international tensions?

Yes, a militaristic stance can escalate tensions and contribute to conflicts.
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Dec 29, 2023

What role do military values play in a militaristic society?

Military values like discipline and hierarchy can overshadow civilian values in a militaristic society.
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Dec 29, 2023

How does Militarism affect domestic policies?

It can lead to increased military spending and influence over domestic policies, often at the expense of social programs.
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Is nationalism a component of Fascism?

Yes, extreme nationalism is a core element of fascism.
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Does Fascism respect international laws and norms?

Fascist regimes often disregard international laws and norms, especially those that conflict with their goals.
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Can a country transition away from Fascism?

Yes, but it often requires significant political, social, and sometimes military changes.
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Dec 29, 2023

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Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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