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Bromide vs. Bromate: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Bromide is a compound containing the bromine ion in a -1 oxidation state, while bromate contains bromine in a +5 oxidation state.
Bromide vs. Bromate

Key Differences

Bromide, chemically represented as Br-, is a bromine ion with a negative charge, indicating an extra electron. Bromate, with the formula BrO3-, is an oxidized form of bromine, indicating a loss of electrons. Both are derivatives of the element bromine but differ in their chemical properties.
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In terms of reactivity, bromides are typically more stable and less reactive than bromates. Bromates, being oxidizing agents, are more reactive and can participate in more vigorous chemical reactions. Both compounds, however, play significant roles in various chemical processes.
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Bromides are commonly used in medicine, particularly as sedatives and anticonvulsants. Bromates, on the other hand, have been used as dough conditioners in the baking industry, although their use has decreased due to health concerns. Both compounds have applications that impact daily life.
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Environmental impact of bromides is generally lower compared to bromates. Bromates are considered more harmful due to their oxidative nature, posing risks to both health and the environment. Both, however, require careful handling and disposal.
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In terms of industrial use, bromides are often found in photographic chemicals and flame retardants. Bromates, due to their strong oxidizing properties, are used in chemical synthesis and water treatment. Both bromides and bromates have distinct industrial applications.
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Comparison Chart

Chemical Formula

Typically written as Br-
Commonly represented as BrO3-
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Oxidation State

Bromine in bromide has an oxidation state of -1.
Bromine in bromate has an oxidation state of +5.
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Use in Industry

Used in medications, photography, and flame retardants.
Used in water treatment and chemical synthesis.
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Environmental Impact

Generally considered less harmful.
Known for higher toxicity and environmental risks.
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Reactivity

Less reactive, more stable.
More reactive, strong oxidizing agent.
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Bromide and Bromate Definitions

Bromide

A compound containing a bromine ion with an extra electron.
The solution contained sodium bromide, a common bromide salt.
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Bromate

Considered more harmful to health and the environment.
The use of bromate in food products has raised health concerns.
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Bromide

Used as a sedative and anticonvulsant in medicine.
Potassium bromide was once widely used to treat epilepsy.
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Bromate

A compound containing bromine in a highly oxidized state.
Potassium bromate is used for improving flour quality in baking.
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Bromide

A chemical compound less reactive than its counterparts.
Due to its stability, bromide is preferred in many applications.
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Bromate

Recognized as a strong oxidizing agent in chemical reactions.
The reaction was catalyzed by the addition of a bromate.
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Bromide

Found in photographic chemicals and flame retardants.
Bromide compounds ensure safety in fire-resistant materials.
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Bromate

A bromine compound more reactive than bromides.
Bromate's reactivity makes it effective in oxidative processes.
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Bromide

A bromine-based compound with diverse industrial applications.
Magnesium bromide is utilized in various chemical processes.
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Bromate

Used in water treatment and chemical synthesis.
Bromate ions help in disinfecting water supplies.
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Bromide

Univalent anionic bromine, or a compound of bromine, especially a binary compound of bromine with a more electropositive element.
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Bromate

The inorganic polyatomic ion BrO3- or a compound containing it.
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Bromide

Potassium bromide.
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Bromate

To treat (a substance) chemically with a bromate.
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Bromide

A commonplace remark or notion; a platitude.
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Bromate

(inorganic chemistry) the anion BrO3-1, derived from bromic acid; any salt containing this anion
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Bromide

A tiresome person; a bore.
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Bromate

To treat with bromic acid or a bromate
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Bromide

(inorganic chemistry) A binary compound of bromine and some other element or radical.
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Bromate

A salt of bromic acid.
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Bromide

A dose of bromide taken as a sedative, or to reduce sexual appetite.
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Bromate

To combine or impregnate with bromine; as, bromated camphor.
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Bromide

(by extension) A dull person with conventional thoughts.
My adviser at college was a bromide who had not had an original thought in years.
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Bromate

React with bromine
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Bromide

A platitude.
We hoped the speech would include reassurances, but instead it was merely one bromide after another.
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Bromate

Treat with bromine
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Bromide

(photography) A print made on bromide paper.
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Bromide

A compound of bromine with a positive radical.
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Bromide

A person who is conventional and commonplace in his habits of thought and conversation.
The bromide conforms to everything sanctioned by the majority, and may be depended upon to be trite, banal, and arbitrary.
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Bromide

A conventional or trite saying; - often used in the phrase "old bromide".
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Bromide

Any of the salts of hydrobromic acid; used as a sedative
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Bromide

A trite or obvious remark
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Bromide

A sedative in the form of sodium or potassium bromide
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Can bromide be found in nature?

Yes, bromide ions occur naturally in seawater and some mineral salts.
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How does bromate affect health?

Bromate can be harmful, especially if ingested, as it's a strong oxidizing agent.
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Why is bromate considered hazardous?

Bromate's strong oxidizing properties can pose risks to health and the environment.
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What is bromide?

Bromide is a compound containing bromine with an extra electron, resulting in a negative charge.
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Is bromide safe to use in medicine?

Bromide has been used as a sedative and anticonvulsant, but its use has decreased due to newer, safer alternatives.
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What are the uses of bromate?

Bromate is used in water treatment, chemical synthesis, and formerly in baking.
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Is bromate still used in baking?

The use of bromate in baking has greatly reduced due to health concerns.
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What industries use bromide?

Bromide is used in pharmaceuticals, photography, and as a flame retardant.
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Can bromate be naturally occurring?

Bromate can form naturally in small amounts, especially in water bodies with bromide and strong oxidants.
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What is the chemical formula of a bromide?

Bromides are typically represented as Br-.
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Are bromides reactive?

Bromides are less reactive compared to bromates.
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What are the environmental impacts of bromate?

Bromates can be harmful to aquatic life and the overall ecosystem.
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How is bromate formed?

Bromate can form through the oxidation of bromide, especially in water treatment processes.
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Can bromide be used in food?

Bromides are not commonly used in food due to potential health risks.
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Are there alternatives to bromate in baking?

Yes, safer alternatives to bromate in baking include ascorbic acid and other dough conditioners.
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What are common bromide compounds?

Common bromide compounds include sodium bromide and potassium bromide.
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How is bromide used in photography?

In photography, bromide is used in the emulsion of photographic papers and films.
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How does bromate affect water quality?

Bromates can contaminate water and pose risks if water treatment is not properly managed.
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Is bromate a carcinogen?

Bromate has been classified as a possible carcinogen by some health organizations.
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What is the oxidation state of bromine in bromide?

In bromide, bromine has an oxidation state of -1.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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