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Behaviourism vs. Neobehaviorism: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
"Behaviourism focuses on observable behaviors as responses to stimuli, disregarding mental states, whereas Neobehaviorism includes internal events like thinking as part of behavioral analysis."
Behaviourism vs. Neobehaviorism

Key Differences

Behaviourism, a theory in psychology, emphasizes that all behaviors are learned through interaction with the environment. Neobehaviorism expands on this by acknowledging internal states such as thoughts and emotions as part of the learning process.
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Nov 10, 2023
In Behaviourism, the focus is on observable behavior and the external stimuli that influence it, with less emphasis on internal psychological processes. Neobehaviorism, while still emphasizing observable behavior, considers the role of internal factors in understanding and predicting behavior.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023
Pioneers of Behaviourism, like John B. Watson, argued that psychology should only study what can be objectively observed. Neobehaviorism, with figures like Edward C. Tolman, introduced the concept of latent learning, incorporating internal cognitive processes.
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Nov 10, 2023
Behaviourism is often associated with classical and operant conditioning, focusing on how external stimuli shape behavior. Neobehaviorism integrates these principles but adds cognitive maps and internal motivations as significant components in behavioral analysis.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023
Behaviourism's strict focus on external behavior limited its application in understanding complex human behaviors. Neobehaviorism addressed this limitation by allowing for a more holistic view, including internal cognitive and emotional processes.
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Nov 10, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Focus

Observable behavior and external stimuli.
Observable behavior plus internal states.
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Nov 10, 2023

Key Theorists

John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner.
Edward C. Tolman, Clark Hull.
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Nov 10, 2023

View on Internal States

Generally disregards thoughts and emotions.
Includes thoughts and emotions in analysis.
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Nov 10, 2023

Psychological Processes

Emphasizes conditioning through external factors.
Considers latent learning and cognitive processes.
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Limitations and Scope

Limited to observable behavior, excluding cognition.
Broadens scope to include internal cognitive states.
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Behaviourism and Neobehaviorism Definitions

Behaviourism

Emphasizes observable behaviors and external stimuli, excluding internal thoughts.
Behaviourism focuses on how rewards and punishments shape behavior.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Neobehaviorism

Stresses both observable behavior and internal cognitive factors.
Neobehaviorism looks at both his actions and internal reasoning.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Behaviourism

A theory that all behaviors are learned through interaction with the environment.
Behaviourism explains his fear of dogs as a learned response.
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Nov 10, 2023

Neobehaviorism

Expands on behaviourism by including internal states in behavior analysis.
Neobehaviorism would explain her actions by considering her beliefs and motivations.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Behaviourism

Associated with classical and operant conditioning.
Behaviourism studies how stimuli trigger automatic responses.
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Neobehaviorism

Embraces latent learning and cognitive maps in behavioral studies.
Neobehaviorism explores how he learns without immediate reinforcement.
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Behaviourism

Argues that psychology should only deal with observable phenomena.
Behaviourism disregards unobservable phenomena like thoughts.
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Nov 10, 2023

Neobehaviorism

Aims for a more comprehensive understanding of complex behaviors.
Neobehaviorism considers both external and internal factors in her phobia.
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Nov 10, 2023

Behaviourism

Views behavior as a response to environmental stimuli.
Behaviourism sees his kindness as a result of positive reinforcement.
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Nov 10, 2023

Neobehaviorism

Acknowledges cognitive processes like thinking in understanding behavior.
Neobehaviorism incorporates the role of mental maps in learning.
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Behaviourism

(British spelling) behaviorism
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Oct 19, 2023

Neobehaviorism

A form of behaviorism that takes unobservable internal behaviors into account.
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Oct 19, 2023

Behaviourism

Same as behaviorism.
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Oct 19, 2023

Behaviourism

An approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
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Oct 19, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

How does neobehaviorism differ from behaviourism?

Neobehaviorism includes internal cognitive processes in behavior analysis.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

What does neobehaviorism say about internal thoughts?

It considers thoughts and emotions as important in understanding behavior.
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What is the main principle of behaviourism?

It focuses on observable behaviors as responses to environmental stimuli.
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Who contributed significantly to neobehaviorism?

Edward C. Tolman is a notable contributor to neobehaviorism.
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What is an example of behaviourism in practice?

Using rewards and punishments to shape a child's behavior.
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Is behaviourism still relevant today?

Yes, especially in areas like behavior modification and conditioning.
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Nov 10, 2023

Does behaviourism consider thoughts and feelings?

No, it generally disregards internal mental states.
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Who is a key figure in behaviourism?

John B. Watson is a foundational figure in behaviourism.
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How does neobehaviorism view learning?

It sees learning as involving both external behaviors and internal cognition.
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Can an executer be involved in legal matters?

While an executer can be involved in legal matters, their role is not inherently legal like that of an executor.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Can an executor decline their role?

Yes, an appointed executor can decline the role, and a substitute executor may be appointed.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Can anyone be an executer of a task?

Generally, anyone can be an executer of a task, depending on their skills and the nature of the task.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

How does one become an effective executer?

Being organized, detail-oriented, and knowledgeable about the task are key to being an effective executer.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Can executors handle international estates?

Executors can handle international estates, but it may require understanding of different legal systems.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Can there be multiple executers for a task?

Yes, a task or project can have multiple executers, especially if it is complex.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

What if there is no executor named in a will?

If no executor is named, the court will appoint someone to administer the estate.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

What qualifications are needed to be an executor?

An executor must be a legal adult and is often chosen for their trustworthiness and ability to handle legal and financial matters.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Are executors paid for their work?

Executors may be entitled to compensation for their time and expenses, especially if not a beneficiary of the will.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

What are the liabilities of an executor?

Executors can be legally liable for mishandling estate assets or failing to adhere to the will’s terms.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

What happens if an executor mismanages the estate?

If an executor mismanages the estate, they can be held legally accountable and may face litigation.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Do executers work independently or in teams?

Executers can work independently or as part of a team, depending on the task.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Are executors always family members?

Executors are often family members but can also be friends, attorneys, or financial advisors.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Is the role of an executer always formal?

The role of an executer can be formal or informal, depending on the context and nature of the task.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Are executers limited to certain industries or fields?

Executers are not limited to specific industries; they can operate in any field where tasks need execution.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Is being an executer a long-term role?

The role of an executer is usually limited to the duration of the specific task or project they are handling.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

How is an executor appointed?

Executors are typically appointed through a will or, if none exists, by a court.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

What challenges might an executer face?

An executer might face challenges like coordinating team efforts, meeting deadlines, or managing resources.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Can executors make decisions about asset distribution?

Executors must distribute assets according to the will’s instructions and cannot make arbitrary decisions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

What skills are beneficial for an executer?

Effective planning, organization, and expertise in the relevant field are beneficial for an executer.
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Nov 10, 2023

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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