Difference Between
versus

Procedural Knowledge vs. Declarative Knowledge: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed & Hifza Nasir || Published on March 4, 2024
Procedural knowledge involves knowing how to do things, while declarative knowledge is about knowing facts and information.
Procedural Knowledge vs. Declarative Knowledge

Key Differences

Procedural knowledge is characterized by its application in performing tasks; it’s the know-how aspect of knowledge. For example, knowing how to ride a bike or play an instrument involves procedural knowledge. Declarative knowledge, on the other hand, is about factual information or "knowing that." This includes facts, such as the capital of France is Paris, or the boiling point of water is 100°C.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024
Procedural knowledge is often subconscious and hard to verbalize, requiring practice to acquire, declarative knowledge is explicit, easily communicated through words, and often learned from books or lectures. One can explain the concept of gravity (declarative) but may struggle to describe the process of balancing while riding a bike (procedural).
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024
Both types of knowledge are essential in learning and problem-solving. For instance, in mathematics, understanding a concept (declarative) is as crucial as knowing how to apply it to solve problems (procedural).
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024
The acquisition of these knowledge types also differs; procedural knowledge develops through repetitive practice and habit formation, whereas declarative knowledge can be acquired quickly through reading or listening.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024
Despite their differences, both declarative and procedural knowledge can convert into each other over time. For example, a practiced skill (procedural) can become so familiar that one can teach it (declarative), and vice versa.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Definition

Knowing how to do something
Knowing facts or information
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024

Nature

Implicit and hard to verbalize
Explicit and easily communicated
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024

Acquisition Method

Practice and repetition
Reading or listening
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024

Examples

Riding a bike, playing an instrument
Capital of France is Paris, boiling point of water
Dua Fatima
Dua Fatima
Mar 04, 2024

Conversion

Can become declarative with familiarity
Can become procedural through practice
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024
ADVERTISEMENT

Procedural Knowledge and Declarative Knowledge Definitions

Procedural Knowledge

Is crucial for skills and tasks requiring motor coordination.
Playing the piano involves procedural knowledge of key placement and rhythm.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Feb 26, 2024

Declarative Knowledge

Consists of facts, figures, and explicit information.
The declaration that water freezes at 0°C is a piece of declarative knowledge.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Procedural Knowledge

Can be difficult to articulate or teach explicitly.
Explaining how to maintain balance on a bicycle relies on procedural knowledge.
Dua Fatima
Dua Fatima
Feb 26, 2024

Declarative Knowledge

Is necessary for informed decision-making and reasoning.
Knowing the symptoms of a disease (declarative knowledge) is crucial for diagnosing it.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Feb 26, 2024

Procedural Knowledge

Involves steps or methods for performing tasks.
Knowing how to solve an algebraic equation involves procedural steps.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024
ADVERTISEMENT

Declarative Knowledge

Forms the basis of understanding concepts and theories.
Understanding the principles of democracy involves declarative knowledge of its definitions and features.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Feb 26, 2024

Procedural Knowledge

Is acquired through practice and habituation.
Learning to drive a car requires procedural knowledge gained through practice.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Feb 26, 2024

Declarative Knowledge

Is easily shared or communicated.
Teaching someone that the Earth orbits the Sun involves conveying declarative knowledge.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Feb 26, 2024

Procedural Knowledge

Often operates below the level of conscious awareness.
Typing without looking at the keyboard is a form of procedural knowledge.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Declarative Knowledge

Can be quickly acquired from books or lectures.
Learning historical dates and events often requires memorizing declarative knowledge.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Repeatedly Asked Queries

How is declarative knowledge acquired?

Through reading, listening, and studying factual information.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024

Can procedural knowledge be easily verbalized?

No, it is often implicit and hard to express in words.
Dua Fatima
Dua Fatima
Mar 04, 2024

What is declarative knowledge?

Declarative knowledge refers to facts and information that one knows and can declare.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024

How is procedural knowledge acquired?

It is acquired through practice, repetition, and experience.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024

What's an example of declarative knowledge?

Knowing the capital of a country or the boiling point of water.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024

Is declarative knowledge easy to share?

Yes, because it consists of explicit facts and information.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024

What's an example of procedural knowledge?

Knowing how to swim or ride a bicycle.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024

What is procedural knowledge?

Procedural knowledge is the understanding of how to perform various tasks and actions.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024

Can procedural knowledge become declarative?

Yes, as one becomes more familiar with a procedure, they can articulate it as factual information.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024

Does learning always involve both types of knowledge?

Yes, most learning processes involve acquiring a mix of both procedural and declarative knowledge.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024

Can declarative knowledge become procedural?

Yes, through practice, declarative information can be used to develop skills or procedures.
Hifza Nasir
Hifza Nasir
Mar 04, 2024

Why is procedural knowledge hard to teach?

Because it often relies on unconscious competence and muscle memory.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024

Why is declarative knowledge important?

It forms the foundation of our understanding and reasoning about the world.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Mar 04, 2024

How do experts differ from novices in terms of these knowledge types?

Experts possess a deep procedural knowledge that allows them to perform tasks with high proficiency, whereas novices may rely more on declarative knowledge.
Dua Fatima
Dua Fatima
Mar 04, 2024

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.
Hifza Nasir
Co-written by
Hifza Nasir

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

Smart TV vs. Android TVSmart TV vs. Android TV
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Smart TV is an internet-connected television with a variety of apps, while an Android TV is specifically a Smart TV powered by Google's Android TV operating system.
Poem vs. PoetryPoem vs. Poetry
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A poem is a piece of writing that expresses ideas and emotions with a distinctive style and rhythm; poetry is the art form of writing such pieces.
Seagate Exos x16 vs. Seagate Exos x18Seagate Exos x16 vs. Seagate Exos x18
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 8, 2024
The Seagate Exos X16 offers up to 16TB storage with a focus on high-capacity data centers, while the Exos X18 upgrades to 18TB, enhancing performance and capacity for enterprise demands.
Social Change vs. Cultural ChangeSocial Change vs. Cultural Change
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Social change refers to shifts in societal structures and institutions, impacting behaviors and relationships among people. Cultural change pertains to alterations in a group's shared beliefs, values, and customs, influencing their way of life.
White Collar Crime vs. Blue Collar CrimeWhite Collar Crime vs. Blue Collar Crime
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
White Collar Crime involves non-violent, financially motivated offenses often committed by professionals, while Blue Collar Crime refers to physical or violent crimes often by manual laborers.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
LTE vs. CDMALTE vs. CDMA
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a 4G wireless communication standard with high-speed data transfer, while CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) is an older 2G/3G technology for mobile networks.
Plant Cell vs. Animal CellPlant Cell vs. Animal Cell
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Plant cells have a cell wall and chloroplasts for photosynthesis, while animal cells lack these but have centrioles.
Analog Computer vs. Digital ComputerAnalog Computer vs. Digital Computer
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
An Analog Computer processes continuous data, whereas a Digital Computer processes data in discrete numerical form.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
NAT vs. PATNAT vs. PAT
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
March 5, 2024
NAT (Network Address Translation) translates private IP addresses to a public one for internet access. PAT (Port Address Translation) maps multiple private IP addresses to a single public IP using different ports.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
Federalists vs. Democratic RepublicansFederalists vs. Democratic Republicans
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
March 24, 2024
Federalists favored strong central government and commercial economy, while Democratic Republicans advocated states' rights and agrarianism.
Hard Copy vs. Soft CopyHard Copy vs. Soft Copy
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Hard Copy is a physical version of a document or file, usually on paper, while a Soft Copy is a digital version of the document, stored electronically.
Inox vs. Stainless SteelInox vs. Stainless Steel
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 10, 2024
Inox is a synonym for stainless steel, used mainly in Europe, while stainless steel is a corrosion-resistant alloy containing chromium.
Gorilla Glass vs. Panda GlassGorilla Glass vs. Panda Glass
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 5, 2024
Gorilla Glass is a highly durable, scratch-resistant glass used in electronic devices, while Panda Glass is a similar protective glass known for its high transparency and toughness.
Consecutive vs. SubsequentConsecutive vs. Subsequent
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Consecutive refers to events or things following one after another in uninterrupted sequence, whereas subsequent denotes following in time or order, but not necessarily immediately afterward.
Oscar vs. EmmyOscar vs. Emmy
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 20, 2024
The Oscar is an award for cinematic achievements, while the Emmy recognizes excellence in television.
Catapult vs. TrebuchetCatapult vs. Trebuchet
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 4, 2024
A catapult is a ballistic device using tension or torsion to launch projectiles, while a trebuchet is a type of catapult using a counterweight for greater force and distance.
Special Education vs. Inclusive EducationSpecial Education vs. Inclusive Education
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 17, 2024
Special Education is tailored instruction for students with disabilities, while Inclusive Education integrates all students, including those with disabilities, into general education settings.
Batch Fermentation vs. Continuous FermentationBatch Fermentation vs. Continuous Fermentation
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 10, 2024
Batch Fermentation is a finite process where nutrients are added at the start and products are harvested at the end, whereas Continuous Fermentation involves a steady input of nutrients and continuous product harvest.
Term vs. SemesterTerm vs. Semester
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Term is a general period for any division of the academic year, while Semester specifically refers to half of an academic year.
Compression Wood vs. Tension WoodCompression Wood vs. Tension Wood
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Compression Wood is a denser, abnormal growth in softwood trees under mechanical stress, whereas Tension Wood is a less dense, fibrous growth in hardwoods under similar stress.
Mother vs. GrandmotherMother vs. Grandmother
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 17, 2024
A mother is a woman who has given birth to or raised a child, while a grandmother is the mother of a person's parent.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons