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Politics vs. Government: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Politics is the process of making decisions and exercising power within groups, while government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Politics vs. Government

Key Differences

Politics involves the activities, actions, and policies used to gain and hold power in a government or to influence the government. Government, however, is the system or structure through which a community or nation is managed and directed.
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The realm of politics is broad, encompassing debates, negotiations, and conflict among individuals and parties. In contrast, government is the formal and institutional framework that establishes laws and conducts public affairs.
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Politics can occur within any group and pertains to the methods of decision-making and power dynamics. Government specifically refers to the established leadership that administers and regulates a state or community.
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Political activities can influence or change governments, reflecting the dynamic nature of power and governance. Governments, however, provide the stability and continuity necessary for a society to function and enforce policies.
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In politics, ideologies and policies are debated and formed, shaping how governments operate. Governments, once formed, execute and enforce these policies, affecting the daily lives of citizens.
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Comparison Chart

Definition

Process and methods of decision-making and exercising power.
System or organization through which a community is managed.
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Scope

Broad, includes all activities related to influencing power.
Institutional and formal, focused on administration and regulation.
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Activities

Debating, campaigning, negotiating.
Legislating, executing laws, governing.
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Objective

To influence or control government policies and power dynamics.
To manage public affairs and enforce laws.
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Change Dynamics

Highly dynamic, constantly evolving with societal changes.
More stable, providing continuity and structure to society.
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Politics and Government Definitions

Politics

The art or science of government and governing.
The politics of the country is changing rapidly.
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Government

The system by which a state or community is controlled.
The government is responsible for law enforcement.
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Politics

The debate or conflict among individuals or parties.
Office politics can often be complex and challenging.
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Government

The organization, machinery, or agency through which a political unit exercises authority.
The government faced challenges in implementing reforms.
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Politics

The art or science of government or governing, especially the governing of a political entity, such as a nation, and the administration and control of its internal and external affairs.
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Government

A group of people who hold the authority to govern a country or state.
The current government was elected last year.
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Politics

Political science.
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Oct 19, 2023

Government

The act or process of governing, especially the control and administration of public policy in a political unit.
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Politics

The activities or affairs engaged in by a government, politician, or political party
"Our politics has been corrupted by money and suffused with meanness" (Peter Edelman). "Politics have appealed to me since I was at Oxford because they are exciting morning, noon, and night" (Jeffrey Archer).
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Government

The office, function, or authority of a governing individual or body.
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Politics

The methods or tactics involved in managing a state or government
The politics of the former regime were rejected by the new government leadership. If the politics of the conservative government now borders on the repressive, what can be expected when the economy falters?.
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Government

Exercise of authority in a political unit; rule.
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Politics

(used with a sing. or pl. verb) Political life
Studied law with a view to going into politics.
Felt that politics was a worthwhile career.
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Government

The agency or apparatus through which a governing individual or body functions and exercises authority.
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Politics

(used with a sing. or pl. verb) Intrigue or maneuvering within a political unit or a group in order to gain control or power
Partisan politics is often an obstruction to good government. Office politics are often debilitating and counterproductive.
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Government

The ruling political party or coalition of political parties in a parliamentary system.
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Politics

(used with a sing. or pl. verb) Political attitudes and positions
His politics on that issue is his own business. Your politics are clearly more liberal than mine.
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Government

The cabinet in a parliamentary system.
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Politics

(used with a sing. or pl. verb) The often internally conflicting interrelationships among people in a society.
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Government

The persons who make up a governing body.
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Politics

(countable) A methodology and activities associated with running a government, an organization, or a movement.
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Government

A system or policy by which a political unit is governed.
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Politics

(countable) The profession of conducting political affairs.
He made a career out of politics.
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Government

Administration or management of an organization, business, or institution.
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Politics

( treated as a plural noun) One's political stands and opinions.
Their politics are clear from the bumper stickers on their cars.
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Government

Political science.
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Politics

(uncountable) Political maneuvers or diplomacy between people, groups, or organizations, especially involving power, influence or conflict.
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Government

(Grammar) The influence of a word over the morphological inflection of another word in a phrase or sentence.
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Politics

Real-world beliefs and social issues irrelevant to the topic at hand.
We're trying to talk about comic books, don't mention politics.
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Government

The body with the power to make and/or enforce laws to control a country, land area, people or organization.
British government has historically centred exclusively on London.
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Politics

The science of government; that part of ethics which has to do with the regulation and government of a nation or state, the preservation of its safety, peace, and prosperity, the defense of its existence and rights against foreign control or conquest, the augmentation of its strength and resources, and the protection of its citizens in their rights, with the preservation and improvement of their morals.
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Government

The relationship between a word and its dependents.
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Politics

The management of a political party; the conduct and contests of parties with reference to political measures or the administration of public affairs; the advancement of candidates to office; in a bad sense, artful or dishonest management to secure the success of political candidates or parties; political trickery.
When we say that two men are talking politics, we often mean that they are wrangling about some mere party question.
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Government

The state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.
If the citizens must follow the law, then the government must follow the constitution.
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Politics

Social relations involving authority or power
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Government

(uncountable) The management or control of a system.
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Politics

The study of government of states and other political units
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Government

The tenure of a chief of state.
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Politics

The profession devoted to governing and to political affairs
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Government

The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the administration of laws; control; direction; regulation; as, civil, church, or family government.
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Politics

The opinion you hold with respect to political questions
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Government

The mode of governing; the system of polity in a state; the established form of law.
That free government which we have so dearly purchased, free commonwealth.
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Politics

Activities associated with the governance of a country or area.
She is very active in local politics.
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Government

The right or power of governing; authority.
I here resign my government to thee.
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Politics

The process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
The politics of the organization are influenced by external factors.
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Government

The person or persons authorized to administer the laws; the ruling power; the administration.
When we, in England, speak of the government, we generally understand the ministers of the crown for the time being.
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Politics

The practice of influencing people and gaining power.
His skills in politics led him to a successful career.
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Government

The body politic governed by one authority; a state; as, the governments of Europe.
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Government

Management of the limbs or body.
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Government

The influence of a word in regard to construction, requiring that another word should be in a particular case.
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Government

The organization that is the governing authority of a political unit;
The government reduced taxes
The matter was referred to higher authorities
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Government

(government) the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed;
Tyrannical government
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Government

The act of governing; exercising authority;
Regulations for the governing of state prisons
He had considerable experience of government
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Government

The study of government of states and other political units
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Government

The governing body of a nation, state, or community.
The government announced new policies today.
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Government

The act or process of governing, particularly in relation to policies.
Government in a democracy requires the participation of the citizens.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

How do politics and government interact?

Politics influences government decision-making and policies, while government enforces these decisions.
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Can politics exist without government?

Yes, politics can occur in any group or organization, not just in government.
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Is government limited to states and nations?

Primarily, but government can also refer to the leadership of smaller communities or organizations.
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What role do citizens play in government?

Citizens participate in government through voting, obeying laws, and sometimes directly in democratic systems.
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How do political parties affect government?

Political parties help shape government policies and leadership through elections and legislative processes.
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What does government mean?

Government is the system or group of people that governs and administers a community or state.
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What's the importance of politics in society?

Politics is crucial for decision-making, resolving conflicts, and influencing how society is governed.
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What's the difference between a politician and a government official?

A politician is often involved in the political process, while a government official works within the government structure.
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What is politics?

Politics is the process of decision-making within groups and the exercise of power and influence.
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Are political activities part of government?

Political activities can influence government but are not necessarily part of the formal government structure.
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Can government policies change politics?

Yes, government policies can influence political debates and priorities.
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Can politics be non-partisan?

Yes, some political activities and decisions can be non-partisan, focusing on common interests.
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What's the impact of technology on politics and government?

Technology influences political communication, citizen engagement, and government operations.
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How does a change in government affect politics?

A change in government can lead to new policies, political priorities, and shifts in power dynamics.
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Can government function without politics?

Politics is inherent in government decision-making, so it's difficult for a government to function entirely without politics.
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What is the role of a government in economic matters?

Governments regulate economies, provide public services, and influence economic policies.
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What's the relationship between law and government?

Law is a fundamental tool through which governments govern and enforce decisions.
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How does a government maintain order?

Governments maintain order through laws, enforcement agencies, and judicial systems.
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Do all countries have the same form of government?

No, governments vary widely, from democracies to autocracies and other forms.
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How do international politics affect governments?

International politics can influence domestic policies, foreign relations, and global governance.
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Nov 15, 2023

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Shumaila Saeed
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Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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