Difference Between
versus

Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Plant cells have a cell wall and chloroplasts for photosynthesis, while animal cells lack these but have centrioles.
Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell

Key Differences

Plant cells are typically larger and have a rigid cell wall made of cellulose, which gives them a fixed rectangular shape. Animal cells, on the other hand, are smaller, lack a cell wall, and have a more flexible and varied shape. This fundamental difference in structure affects how these cells interact with their environment.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
Plant cells contain chloroplasts, the site of photosynthesis, where sunlight is converted into energy. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Instead, they rely on mitochondria for energy production through a process called cellular respiration, which is also present in plant cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
Plant cells often have large central vacuoles that store water, nutrients, and waste products. In contrast, animal cells may have smaller vacuoles or sometimes none at all. The large central vacuole in plant cells also helps in maintaining cell rigidity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
Plant cells can reproduce both sexually and asexually, and are capable of generating an entire plant from a single cell under the right conditions. Animal cells typically reproduce sexually, and a single cell cannot grow into a complete organism.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
During cell division, plant cells form a cell plate that eventually becomes the cell wall, separating the two daughter cells. Animal cells, however, undergo cytokinesis, where the cell membrane pinches in to divide the daughter cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Cell Wall

Present
Absent
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Shape

Rectangular
Irregular
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Chloroplasts

Present
Absent
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Vacuole Size

Large
Small/None
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Cytokinesis

Cell Plate
Cleavage Furrow
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Plant Cell and Animal Cell Definitions

Plant Cell

A plant cell contains a large central vacuole for storage and maintaining rigidity.
The central vacuole in a plant cell stores water, contributing to the turgidity of the plant.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Animal Cell

Animal cells often have smaller and more vacuoles than plant cells.
The small vacuoles in an animal cell store nutrients, waste products, and other substances.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Plant Cell

A plant cell can perform photosynthesis, converting light energy into chemical energy.
The plant cell absorbs sunlight to produce glucose and oxygen in its chloroplasts.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Animal Cell

Animal cells have a flexible cell membrane, allowing for a variety of shapes.
The ability of an animal cell to change shape is essential for the functioning of many types of cells, like neurons and muscle cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Plant Cell

Plant cells have a rigid cell wall that provides structural support and shape.
The firm texture of a leaf is due to the cell walls in each plant cell.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Animal Cell

An animal cell is the basic structural and functional unit of animals, lacking a cell wall.
The flexibility of an animal's body is partly due to the lack of a rigid cell wall in animal cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Plant Cell

Plant cells have plasmodesmata, channels allowing communication and transport between cells.
Nutrients are distributed throughout the plant through the plasmodesmata in plant cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Animal Cell

Animal cells contain centrioles, important for cell division and reproduction.
During cell division, the centrioles in an animal cell play a crucial role in the formation of the spindle fibers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Plant Cell

A plant cell is the basic structural and functional unit of plants, containing chloroplasts.
In photosynthesis, the plant cell uses its chloroplasts to convert sunlight into energy.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Animal Cell

Animal cells rely on mitochondria for energy production through cellular respiration.
The mitochondria in an animal cell convert glucose into ATP, providing energy for cellular functions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Do animal cells have chloroplasts?

No, animal cells do not have chloroplasts; they rely on mitochondria for energy.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

How do plant and animal cells differ in energy production?

Plant cells use chloroplasts for photosynthesis, while animal cells use mitochondria for cellular respiration.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What is unique about the cell wall in plant cells?

The cell wall in plant cells is made of cellulose and provides rigidity and structural support.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

How do plant cells reproduce?

Plant cells can reproduce both sexually and asexually, and are capable of regenerating an entire plant.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Can plant cells change shape like animal cells?

Generally, plant cells have a fixed shape due to their rigid cell wall.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What role do vacuoles play in plant and animal cells?

In plant cells, vacuoles store water and maintain rigidity; in animal cells, they store nutrients and waste.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What is the role of centrioles in animal cells?

Centrioles are involved in cell division and help in forming spindle fibers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What is the main function of a plant cell?

The main function of a plant cell is to perform photosynthesis and provide structural support to the plant.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Do animal cells perform photosynthesis?

No, animal cells do not perform photosynthesis; this is a function unique to plant cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Are plant cells bigger than animal cells?

Generally, plant cells are larger than animal cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Do animal cells have a central vacuole?

No, animal cells may have smaller vacuoles or sometimes none at all.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Can plant cells adapt their shape?

Plant cells have a fixed shape due to their rigid cell wall.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Why do plant cells have a large central vacuole?

The large central vacuole in plant cells helps in storing nutrients and maintaining cell rigidity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Can a single animal cell grow into a complete organism?

No, a single animal cell cannot grow into a complete organism, unlike some plant cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What differentiates the cell division process in plant and animal cells?

Plant cells form a cell plate during division, while animal cells undergo cytokinesis with a cleavage furrow.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Is the cellular respiration process the same in plant and animal cells?

Yes, both plant and animal cells use mitochondria for cellular respiration.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

How do animal cells maintain their shape?

Animal cells maintain their shape through a flexible cell membrane and cytoskeleton structure.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Do plant and animal cells have different genetic material?

Both plant and animal cells contain DNA, but the organization and some genetic sequences differ.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What are plasmodesmata in plant cells?

Plasmodesmata are channels in plant cells that allow communication and substance exchange between cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Are mitochondria present in plant cells?

Yes, mitochondria are present in plant cells and are involved in energy production.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

Smart TV vs. Android TVSmart TV vs. Android TV
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Smart TV is an internet-connected television with a variety of apps, while an Android TV is specifically a Smart TV powered by Google's Android TV operating system.
Poem vs. PoetryPoem vs. Poetry
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A poem is a piece of writing that expresses ideas and emotions with a distinctive style and rhythm; poetry is the art form of writing such pieces.
Seagate Exos x16 vs. Seagate Exos x18Seagate Exos x16 vs. Seagate Exos x18
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 8, 2024
The Seagate Exos X16 offers up to 16TB storage with a focus on high-capacity data centers, while the Exos X18 upgrades to 18TB, enhancing performance and capacity for enterprise demands.
Social Change vs. Cultural ChangeSocial Change vs. Cultural Change
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Social change refers to shifts in societal structures and institutions, impacting behaviors and relationships among people. Cultural change pertains to alterations in a group's shared beliefs, values, and customs, influencing their way of life.
White Collar Crime vs. Blue Collar CrimeWhite Collar Crime vs. Blue Collar Crime
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
White Collar Crime involves non-violent, financially motivated offenses often committed by professionals, while Blue Collar Crime refers to physical or violent crimes often by manual laborers.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
LTE vs. CDMALTE vs. CDMA
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a 4G wireless communication standard with high-speed data transfer, while CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) is an older 2G/3G technology for mobile networks.
Analog Computer vs. Digital ComputerAnalog Computer vs. Digital Computer
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
An Analog Computer processes continuous data, whereas a Digital Computer processes data in discrete numerical form.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
NAT vs. PATNAT vs. PAT
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
March 5, 2024
NAT (Network Address Translation) translates private IP addresses to a public one for internet access. PAT (Port Address Translation) maps multiple private IP addresses to a single public IP using different ports.
Hard Copy vs. Soft CopyHard Copy vs. Soft Copy
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Hard Copy is a physical version of a document or file, usually on paper, while a Soft Copy is a digital version of the document, stored electronically.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
Federalists vs. Democratic RepublicansFederalists vs. Democratic Republicans
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
March 24, 2024
Federalists favored strong central government and commercial economy, while Democratic Republicans advocated states' rights and agrarianism.
Gorilla Glass vs. Panda GlassGorilla Glass vs. Panda Glass
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 5, 2024
Gorilla Glass is a highly durable, scratch-resistant glass used in electronic devices, while Panda Glass is a similar protective glass known for its high transparency and toughness.
Inox vs. Stainless SteelInox vs. Stainless Steel
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 10, 2024
Inox is a synonym for stainless steel, used mainly in Europe, while stainless steel is a corrosion-resistant alloy containing chromium.
Oscar vs. EmmyOscar vs. Emmy
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 20, 2024
The Oscar is an award for cinematic achievements, while the Emmy recognizes excellence in television.
Term vs. SemesterTerm vs. Semester
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Term is a general period for any division of the academic year, while Semester specifically refers to half of an academic year.
Consecutive vs. SubsequentConsecutive vs. Subsequent
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Consecutive refers to events or things following one after another in uninterrupted sequence, whereas subsequent denotes following in time or order, but not necessarily immediately afterward.
Catapult vs. TrebuchetCatapult vs. Trebuchet
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 4, 2024
A catapult is a ballistic device using tension or torsion to launch projectiles, while a trebuchet is a type of catapult using a counterweight for greater force and distance.
Compression Wood vs. Tension WoodCompression Wood vs. Tension Wood
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Compression Wood is a denser, abnormal growth in softwood trees under mechanical stress, whereas Tension Wood is a less dense, fibrous growth in hardwoods under similar stress.
Batch Fermentation vs. Continuous FermentationBatch Fermentation vs. Continuous Fermentation
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 10, 2024
Batch Fermentation is a finite process where nutrients are added at the start and products are harvested at the end, whereas Continuous Fermentation involves a steady input of nutrients and continuous product harvest.
Special Education vs. Inclusive EducationSpecial Education vs. Inclusive Education
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 17, 2024
Special Education is tailored instruction for students with disabilities, while Inclusive Education integrates all students, including those with disabilities, into general education settings.
C3 Plants vs. C4 PlantsC3 Plants vs. C4 Plants
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
C3 plants use a direct carbon fixation process, common in cooler climates, while C4 plants have a specialized mechanism, efficient in high light and temperature.
Grand Opening vs. Soft OpeningGrand Opening vs. Soft Opening
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Grand Opening is a highly publicized and celebratory launch of a business or venue, while a Soft Opening is a more subdued trial opening, often with limited services or a smaller audience.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons