Difference Between
versus

Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Plant cells have a cell wall and chloroplasts for photosynthesis, while animal cells lack these but have centrioles.
Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell

Key Differences

Plant cells are typically larger and have a rigid cell wall made of cellulose, which gives them a fixed rectangular shape. Animal cells, on the other hand, are smaller, lack a cell wall, and have a more flexible and varied shape. This fundamental difference in structure affects how these cells interact with their environment.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
Plant cells contain chloroplasts, the site of photosynthesis, where sunlight is converted into energy. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Instead, they rely on mitochondria for energy production through a process called cellular respiration, which is also present in plant cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
Plant cells often have large central vacuoles that store water, nutrients, and waste products. In contrast, animal cells may have smaller vacuoles or sometimes none at all. The large central vacuole in plant cells also helps in maintaining cell rigidity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
Plant cells can reproduce both sexually and asexually, and are capable of generating an entire plant from a single cell under the right conditions. Animal cells typically reproduce sexually, and a single cell cannot grow into a complete organism.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
During cell division, plant cells form a cell plate that eventually becomes the cell wall, separating the two daughter cells. Animal cells, however, undergo cytokinesis, where the cell membrane pinches in to divide the daughter cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Cell Wall

Present
Absent
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Shape

Rectangular
Irregular
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Chloroplasts

Present
Absent
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Vacuole Size

Large
Small/None
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Cytokinesis

Cell Plate
Cleavage Furrow
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Plant Cell and Animal Cell Definitions

Plant Cell

A plant cell contains a large central vacuole for storage and maintaining rigidity.
The central vacuole in a plant cell stores water, contributing to the turgidity of the plant.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Animal Cell

Animal cells often have smaller and more vacuoles than plant cells.
The small vacuoles in an animal cell store nutrients, waste products, and other substances.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Plant Cell

A plant cell can perform photosynthesis, converting light energy into chemical energy.
The plant cell absorbs sunlight to produce glucose and oxygen in its chloroplasts.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Animal Cell

Animal cells have a flexible cell membrane, allowing for a variety of shapes.
The ability of an animal cell to change shape is essential for the functioning of many types of cells, like neurons and muscle cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Plant Cell

Plant cells have a rigid cell wall that provides structural support and shape.
The firm texture of a leaf is due to the cell walls in each plant cell.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Animal Cell

An animal cell is the basic structural and functional unit of animals, lacking a cell wall.
The flexibility of an animal's body is partly due to the lack of a rigid cell wall in animal cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Plant Cell

Plant cells have plasmodesmata, channels allowing communication and transport between cells.
Nutrients are distributed throughout the plant through the plasmodesmata in plant cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Animal Cell

Animal cells contain centrioles, important for cell division and reproduction.
During cell division, the centrioles in an animal cell play a crucial role in the formation of the spindle fibers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Plant Cell

A plant cell is the basic structural and functional unit of plants, containing chloroplasts.
In photosynthesis, the plant cell uses its chloroplasts to convert sunlight into energy.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Animal Cell

Animal cells rely on mitochondria for energy production through cellular respiration.
The mitochondria in an animal cell convert glucose into ATP, providing energy for cellular functions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Do animal cells have chloroplasts?

No, animal cells do not have chloroplasts; they rely on mitochondria for energy.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

How do plant and animal cells differ in energy production?

Plant cells use chloroplasts for photosynthesis, while animal cells use mitochondria for cellular respiration.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What is unique about the cell wall in plant cells?

The cell wall in plant cells is made of cellulose and provides rigidity and structural support.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

How do plant cells reproduce?

Plant cells can reproduce both sexually and asexually, and are capable of regenerating an entire plant.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Can plant cells change shape like animal cells?

Generally, plant cells have a fixed shape due to their rigid cell wall.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What role do vacuoles play in plant and animal cells?

In plant cells, vacuoles store water and maintain rigidity; in animal cells, they store nutrients and waste.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What is the role of centrioles in animal cells?

Centrioles are involved in cell division and help in forming spindle fibers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What is the main function of a plant cell?

The main function of a plant cell is to perform photosynthesis and provide structural support to the plant.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Do animal cells perform photosynthesis?

No, animal cells do not perform photosynthesis; this is a function unique to plant cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Are plant cells bigger than animal cells?

Generally, plant cells are larger than animal cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Do animal cells have a central vacuole?

No, animal cells may have smaller vacuoles or sometimes none at all.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Can plant cells adapt their shape?

Plant cells have a fixed shape due to their rigid cell wall.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Why do plant cells have a large central vacuole?

The large central vacuole in plant cells helps in storing nutrients and maintaining cell rigidity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Can a single animal cell grow into a complete organism?

No, a single animal cell cannot grow into a complete organism, unlike some plant cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What differentiates the cell division process in plant and animal cells?

Plant cells form a cell plate during division, while animal cells undergo cytokinesis with a cleavage furrow.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Is the cellular respiration process the same in plant and animal cells?

Yes, both plant and animal cells use mitochondria for cellular respiration.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

How do animal cells maintain their shape?

Animal cells maintain their shape through a flexible cell membrane and cytoskeleton structure.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Do plant and animal cells have different genetic material?

Both plant and animal cells contain DNA, but the organization and some genetic sequences differ.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

What are plasmodesmata in plant cells?

Plasmodesmata are channels in plant cells that allow communication and substance exchange between cells.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Are mitochondria present in plant cells?

Yes, mitochondria are present in plant cells and are involved in energy production.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

FPTP vs. PRFPTP vs. PR
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 16, 2024
FPTP (First Past the Post) is a simple plurality voting system where the candidate with most votes wins; PR (Proportional Representation) allocates seats based on the proportion of votes each party receives.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
Poem vs. PoetryPoem vs. Poetry
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A poem is a piece of writing that expresses ideas and emotions with a distinctive style and rhythm; poetry is the art form of writing such pieces.
Extent vs. ScopeExtent vs. Scope
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Extent" refers to the degree or range something covers, while "Scope" relates to the breadth or range of coverage, influence, or effect.
Login vs. LogonLogin vs. Logon
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Login" and "Logon" are often used interchangeably to describe the process of gaining access to a computer system, but "login" can also refer to the credentials used for access.
Pulley vs. SheavePulley vs. Sheave
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 4, 2024
A pulley is a wheel on an axle designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable, while a sheave is the wheel part of a pulley system that specifically interacts with the cable.
Nuclear Family vs. Joint FamilyNuclear Family vs. Joint Family
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 9, 2024
Nuclear Family is a family unit consisting of parents and their children. Joint Family is a larger family structure comprising parents, children, and other relatives living together.
NM3 vs. M3NM3 vs. M3
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 19, 2024
NM3 measures gas volume under Normal conditions (0°C and 1.01325 bar), while M3 measures volume under the conditions at which it is measured, without standard adjustment.
Slazenger Logo vs. Puma LogoSlazenger Logo vs. Puma Logo
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 15, 2024
The Slazenger logo features a panther, symbolizing agility and tradition, while the Puma logo depicts a leaping puma, representing speed and strength.
Catapult vs. TrebuchetCatapult vs. Trebuchet
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 4, 2024
A catapult is a ballistic device using tension or torsion to launch projectiles, while a trebuchet is a type of catapult using a counterweight for greater force and distance.
5'11" vs. 6'0"5’11” vs. 6’0″
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
The difference between 5'11" and 6'0" is one inch, with 5'11" being 71 inches and 6'0" being 72 inches tall.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
Pycharm Community vs. Pycharm ProPycharm Community vs. Pycharm Pro
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
PyCharm Community is a free, open-source IDE for Python development, while PyCharm Pro is a paid version with additional advanced features like web development support and database tools.
DDR3 vs. DDR3LDDR3 vs. DDR3L
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 29, 2024
DDR3 is a type of RAM with standard voltage (1.5V), while DDR3L is a low voltage variant (1.35V) compatible with both 1.5V and 1.35V slots.
Data Roaming vs. Cellular DataData Roaming vs. Cellular Data
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Data Roaming allows usage of mobile network services outside of the home network area, while Cellular Data is using mobile services within the home network.
4D Battery vs. 8D Battery4D Battery vs. 8D Battery
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 7, 2024
4D batteries are smaller, heavy-duty batteries used in commercial applications, whereas 8D batteries are larger, providing more power and capacity for large vehicles and machinery.
Vital Proteins Collagen vs. OrganikaVital Proteins Collagen vs. Organika
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 9, 2024
Vital Proteins Collagen is a brand offering collagen supplements for health and beauty, while Organika is a broader health and wellness brand with diverse products including collagen.
Fluid vs. LiquidFluid vs. Liquid
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 13, 2024
Fluids encompass all substances that flow (including gases and liquids), while liquids specifically refer to fluids with a definite volume but no fixed shape, adapting to their container.
Traditional Trade vs. Modern TradeTraditional Trade vs. Modern Trade
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Traditional trade involves local, small-scale, often personalized commerce; modern trade is characterized by large-scale, technology-driven, and impersonal retail environments.
NDM vs. FTPNDM vs. FTP
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 15, 2024
NDM (Network Data Mover) automates and secures data transfers across networks, while FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a standard network protocol for transferring files between computers.
Explain vs. DefineExplain vs. Define
Dua FatimaDua Fatima
June 22, 2024
Explaining involves detailing or clarifying a concept, often including context and examples, whereas defining means stating the exact meaning of a word or phrase, typically in a concise manner.
Class 2 Hitch vs. Class 3 HitchClass 2 Hitch vs. Class 3 Hitch
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 20, 2024
A Class 2 Hitch supports lighter loads up to 3,500 lbs with a 1.25-inch receiver, while a Class 3 Hitch handles heavier loads up to 8,000 lbs with a 2-inch receiver.
Char vs. VarcharChar vs. Varchar
Dua FatimaDua Fatima
June 23, 2024
Char stores fixed-length strings; efficient for known sizes. Varchar stores variable-length strings, saving space for shorter inputs.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons