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Ordinary Annuity vs. Annuity Due: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 1, 2024
Ordinary Annuities are payments or receipts that occur at the end of each period. Annuities Due are payments or receipts that occur at the beginning of each period.
Ordinary Annuity vs. Annuity Due

Key Differences

In an Ordinary Annuity, payments are made or received at the end of a period, common in retirement plans. Annuity Due involves payments at the start of each period, often seen in rental agreements.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024
Ordinary Annuities are typically preferred by investors receiving payments, as it allows investment growth throughout the period. Annuity Due is favored by payees like landlords, as they receive funds at the period's start.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024
The value of an Ordinary Annuity is generally less than an Annuity Due, assuming the same payments and time periods, due to the time value of money. Annuity Due payments are more valuable since they are received sooner.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024
Ordinary Annuities are common in consumer loans and mortgages, where payments are due at period ends. In contrast, Annuity Due arrangements are often found in lease agreements, requiring upfront payments.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024
Calculating the future value of an Ordinary Annuity differs from an Annuity Due, as the latter compounds an additional period for each payment, leading to a higher future value under the same conditions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Payment Timing

End of each period
Beginning of each period
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Common Usage

Consumer loans, retirement plans
Leases, rental agreements
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Present Value Comparison

Generally lower than Annuity Due
Higher due to earlier payments
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Future Value Calculation

Compounds until the end of the last period
Additional compounding period per payment
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Preferred By

Receivers in investment scenarios
Payees in immediate payment scenarios
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024
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Ordinary Annuity and Annuity Due Definitions

Ordinary Annuity

An annuity where the payment period coincides with the end of an interest period.
The company's bond issue pays interest as an ordinary annuity, at the period's close.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Annuity Due

A sequence of equal payments where the first payment is made immediately.
The car lease is an annuity due, with the first payment made upon signing the contract.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Ordinary Annuity

A sequence of equal payments made at fixed intervals, with the first payment due one period from now.
Her car loan repayments are an ordinary annuity, with the first payment due next month.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Annuity Due

An annuity with payments coinciding with the beginning of the interest period.
Her gym membership uses an annuity due model, charging at the start of each month.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Ordinary Annuity

A type of annuity contract that defers payments to the end of the payment period.
The employee's pension plan, an ordinary annuity, begins payments at retirement.
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Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023
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Annuity Due

A financial arrangement where payments are made at the start of each period.
The insurance premium is structured as an annuity due, with payments upfront.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Ordinary Annuity

A series of equal payments made at the end of consecutive periods.
His retirement fund is structured as an ordinary annuity, disbursing monthly payments at each month's end.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Annuity Due

A series of payments made at the beginning of each period.
The apartment lease is set up as an annuity due, requiring rent at each month's start.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Ordinary Annuity

A financial product providing regular payments after a set period.
The mortgage required monthly payments, structured as an ordinary annuity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Annuity Due

An annuity contract requiring payments at the start of the payment period.
The business's rental agreement is an annuity due, with rent due at each period's beginning.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

What are typical examples of Annuity Due?

Annuity Due is often used in rental agreements and lease contracts.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

What is an Ordinary Annuity?

An ordinary annuity is a series of equal payments made at the end of each period.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Where is an Ordinary Annuity commonly used?

Ordinary annuities are commonly used in retirement plans and consumer loans.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

What is Annuity Due?

An annuity due is a series of equal payments made at the beginning of each period.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

How does payment timing affect the value of Ordinary Annuity vs. Annuity Due?

Annuity Due has a higher present value due to earlier payments, compared to an Ordinary Annuity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Can both Ordinary Annuity and Annuity Due have the same payment amounts?

Yes, both can have the same payment amounts but differ in payment timing.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

How is the future value of an Ordinary Annuity calculated?

It's calculated by compounding until the end of the last period.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

How does Annuity Due's future value differ?

Annuity Due's future value includes an additional compounding period per payment.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Are the interest rates the same for both types of annuities?

Yes, the interest rates can be the same, but the timing of payments affects the value.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Why is Annuity Due often preferred by landlords?

Landlords prefer Annuity Due for receiving funds at the period's start.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Is Annuity Due suitable for long-term contracts?

Yes, it's suitable for both short-term and long-term contracts.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Why might someone prefer an Ordinary Annuity?

Investors receiving payments might prefer it for the growth of investment throughout the period.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Can either annuity have variable payment amounts?

Typically, both annuities involve fixed, equal payments, but variations can exist.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Is one type more complex to manage than the other?

Annuity Due can be slightly more complex due to upfront payment calculations.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Do both annuities require equal payment intervals?

Yes, both typically involve payments at regular intervals.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

How does the time value of money impact these annuities?

It affects the present and future values, as earlier payments in Annuity Due are more valuable.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Can an Ordinary Annuity be converted to Annuity Due?

Yes, with adjustments in the payment schedule and calculations.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Are tax implications the same for both?

Tax implications can vary based on the type of annuity and the jurisdiction.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Can Ordinary Annuities be used for short-term loans?

Yes, they can be used for both short-term and long-term loans.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

Can either type be used for estate planning?

Yes, both can be structured as part of estate planning strategies.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 01, 2024

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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