Difference Between
versus

Magnetic Force vs. Electric Force: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Magnetic force arises from moving electric charges and affects magnetic materials, while electric force is due to charge interactions, influencing charged particles regardless of motion.
Magnetic Force vs. Electric Force

Key Differences

Magnetic Force and Electric Force are fundamental interactions in nature, each governed by distinct principles and characteristics. Magnetic Force arises from the interactions between magnetic fields and magnetic objects, while Electric Force is generated by electric charges and their interactions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023
Magnetic Force, first and foremost, is responsible for the attraction or repulsion between magnets or magnetic materials. It is fundamentally associated with the behavior of moving electric charges. When an electric charge, such as an electron, is in motion, it generates a magnetic field. This magnetic field can interact with other moving charges, resulting in the magnetic force. In essence, Magnetic Force is intrinsically tied to the motion of charged particles and the formation of magnetic fields.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023
On the other hand, Electric Force is concerned with the interactions between electric charges, which can be either positive or negative. Electric charges exert forces on one another that are governed by Coulomb's law. Like charges repel each other, and opposite charges attract. Electric Force is a fundamental force in nature that plays a crucial role in the behavior of matter at the atomic and molecular scales. It is responsible for the stability of atoms, the behavior of electrons in circuits, and the functioning of everyday electrical devices.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023
In the context of Magnetic Force, it is important to note that it is distinct from Electric Force in that it involves the behavior of magnetic dipoles and the motion of charges rather than the inherent property of charge itself. Magnetic Force is also known for its ability to exert forces on charged particles in motion, giving rise to phenomena like the Lorentz Force, which describes the combined effects of Electric Force and Magnetic Force on charged particles.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023
Electric Force, on the other hand, doesn't require the presence of magnetic materials or magnetic fields for its existence. It solely relies on the electric charges themselves, and its effects can be observed even in the absence of any magnetic components. Electric Force is vital for understanding the behavior of charged particles in various physical systems, from the behavior of electrons in atoms to the operation of electronic devices.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT
In summary, Magnetic Force and Electric Force are distinct phenomena in physics. Magnetic Force arises from the interactions between magnetic fields and moving charges, while Electric Force is generated by electric charges and operates independently of magnetic materials. Understanding these forces is essential for comprehending a wide range of physical phenomena and engineering applications.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Comparison Chart

Source

Arises from moving electric charges.
Generated by static or moving charges.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Affected Materials

Primarily influences magnetic materials.
Influences all charged particles.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Directionality

Acts perpendicular to charge movement and field.
Acts along the line between charges.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Governing Law

Governed by electromagnetic principles.
Governed by Coulomb's Law.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Applications

Used in motors, generators, MRI machines.
Essential in electronics, electrostatics.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Magnetic Force and Electric Force Definitions

Magnetic Force

Attraction or repulsion arising from a magnetic field.
Magnetic force aligns iron filings along field lines.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Electric Force

The fundamental force underlying electrostatic phenomena.
Electric force is responsible for the spark when touching a doorknob.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Magnetic Force

The influence exerted by a magnetic field on magnetic materials.
A compass needle’s movement is due to Earth’s magnetic force.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Electric Force

Force between charged particles.
Electric force causes opposite charges to attract each other.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Magnetic Force

The outcome of electromagnetic interactions.
Magnetic force is responsible for the operation of MRI machines.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Electric Force

Attraction or repulsion due to electric charge.
Balloon sticks to a wall due to electric force after rubbing.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Magnetic Force

Force that acts perpendicular to the motion of charged particles.
In a motor, magnetic force causes the rotor to turn.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Electric Force

Influence exerted by an electric field on charged particles.
Electric force moves electrons through a wire in a circuit.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Magnetic Force

Force exerted by magnets or moving charges.
The magnetic force between two magnets causes them to stick together.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Electric Force

Force proportional to charge and inversely to distance squared.
Electric force between two charges decreases as they move apart.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 04, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

What causes magnetic force?

Magnetic force is caused by the movement of electric charges or the presence of magnets.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

How does electric force contribute to chemical bonding?

Electric force holds atoms together in molecules through the attraction of electrons and protons.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Is electric force always attractive?

No, electric force can be either attractive or repulsive, depending on the types of charges involved.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

What role does magnetic force play in technology?

Magnetic force is crucial in technologies like electric motors, generators, and data storage devices.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

What determines the strength of electric force?

The strength of electric force depends on the amount of charge and the distance between charges.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Can magnetic force act at a distance?

Yes, magnetic force can act over a distance, influencing magnetic materials without direct contact.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

What is an example of magnetic force in nature?

The Earth's magnetic field influencing compass needles is a natural example of magnetic force.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

What is magnetic force?

Magnetic force is the force exerted by magnets or moving electric charges.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

How is electric force defined?

Electric force is the force between charged particles, either attracting or repelling them.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

How does electric force affect everyday life?

Electric force is fundamental in electronics, powering devices from smartphones to household appliances.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Does the speed of charge affect magnetic force?

Yes, the speed and direction of moving charges significantly influence the magnitude and direction of magnetic force.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

What happens to electric force when the distance doubles?

The electric force decreases by a factor of four when the distance between charges doubles.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Is electric force responsible for lightning?

Yes, lightning is a result of electric forces between charged clouds and the ground.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Are magnetic forces always stronger than electric forces?

Not necessarily; the strength of magnetic and electric forces depends on the context and conditions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

What is the role of electric force in a capacitor?

Electric force in a capacitor stores energy in an electric field between conductive plates.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Can magnetic force be blocked or shielded?

Yes, materials like mu-metal can effectively shield or block magnetic forces.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

How do MRI machines use magnetic force?

MRI machines use strong magnetic forces to align and detect hydrogen atoms in the body.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Does electric force play a role in solar panels?

Yes, electric force is essential in solar panels, driving electrons to generate electricity.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

How does a compass work in terms of magnetic force?

A compass works by aligning its magnetic needle with the Earth's magnetic force.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Can electric force exist without a conductor?

Yes, electric force can exist in a vacuum, as it is a property of the charges themselves.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

FPTP vs. PRFPTP vs. PR
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 16, 2024
FPTP (First Past the Post) is a simple plurality voting system where the candidate with most votes wins; PR (Proportional Representation) allocates seats based on the proportion of votes each party receives.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
Poster vs. InfographicPoster vs. Infographic
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Poster is a large printed image or notice for public display, while an Infographic is a visual representation of information or data.
Pulley vs. SheavePulley vs. Sheave
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 4, 2024
A pulley is a wheel on an axle designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable, while a sheave is the wheel part of a pulley system that specifically interacts with the cable.
Extent vs. ScopeExtent vs. Scope
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Extent" refers to the degree or range something covers, while "Scope" relates to the breadth or range of coverage, influence, or effect.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
Login vs. LogonLogin vs. Logon
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Login" and "Logon" are often used interchangeably to describe the process of gaining access to a computer system, but "login" can also refer to the credentials used for access.
Poem vs. PoetryPoem vs. Poetry
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A poem is a piece of writing that expresses ideas and emotions with a distinctive style and rhythm; poetry is the art form of writing such pieces.
Nuclear Family vs. Joint FamilyNuclear Family vs. Joint Family
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 9, 2024
Nuclear Family is a family unit consisting of parents and their children. Joint Family is a larger family structure comprising parents, children, and other relatives living together.
NM3 vs. M3NM3 vs. M3
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 19, 2024
NM3 measures gas volume under Normal conditions (0°C and 1.01325 bar), while M3 measures volume under the conditions at which it is measured, without standard adjustment.
Vital Proteins Collagen vs. OrganikaVital Proteins Collagen vs. Organika
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 9, 2024
Vital Proteins Collagen is a brand offering collagen supplements for health and beauty, while Organika is a broader health and wellness brand with diverse products including collagen.
Data Roaming vs. Cellular DataData Roaming vs. Cellular Data
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Data Roaming allows usage of mobile network services outside of the home network area, while Cellular Data is using mobile services within the home network.
Slazenger Logo vs. Puma LogoSlazenger Logo vs. Puma Logo
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 15, 2024
The Slazenger logo features a panther, symbolizing agility and tradition, while the Puma logo depicts a leaping puma, representing speed and strength.
Catapult vs. TrebuchetCatapult vs. Trebuchet
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 4, 2024
A catapult is a ballistic device using tension or torsion to launch projectiles, while a trebuchet is a type of catapult using a counterweight for greater force and distance.
Pycharm Community vs. Pycharm ProPycharm Community vs. Pycharm Pro
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
PyCharm Community is a free, open-source IDE for Python development, while PyCharm Pro is a paid version with additional advanced features like web development support and database tools.
Fluid vs. LiquidFluid vs. Liquid
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 13, 2024
Fluids encompass all substances that flow (including gases and liquids), while liquids specifically refer to fluids with a definite volume but no fixed shape, adapting to their container.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
5'11" vs. 6'0"5’11” vs. 6’0″
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
The difference between 5'11" and 6'0" is one inch, with 5'11" being 71 inches and 6'0" being 72 inches tall.
DDR3 vs. DDR3LDDR3 vs. DDR3L
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 29, 2024
DDR3 is a type of RAM with standard voltage (1.5V), while DDR3L is a low voltage variant (1.35V) compatible with both 1.5V and 1.35V slots.
PPM vs. PPMVPPM vs. PPMV
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 10, 2024
PPM (parts per million) measures the concentration of one substance within a million parts of another. PPMV (parts per million by volume) expresses gas concentration as volume per million volumes of air.
NDM vs. FTPNDM vs. FTP
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 15, 2024
NDM (Network Data Mover) automates and secures data transfers across networks, while FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a standard network protocol for transferring files between computers.
Traditional Trade vs. Modern TradeTraditional Trade vs. Modern Trade
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Traditional trade involves local, small-scale, often personalized commerce; modern trade is characterized by large-scale, technology-driven, and impersonal retail environments.
Crane vs. HeronCrane vs. Heron
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
June 24, 2024
Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds known for their elaborate dances, while herons are typically more solitary, stealth hunters with a distinctive S-shaped neck.
Explain vs. DefineExplain vs. Define
Dua FatimaDua Fatima
June 22, 2024
Explaining involves detailing or clarifying a concept, often including context and examples, whereas defining means stating the exact meaning of a word or phrase, typically in a concise manner.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons