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Hypothermia vs. Hyperthermia: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on February 26, 2024
Hypothermia is a condition where body temperature drops below normal, while Hyperthermia is an abnormal rise in body temperature, often due to external factors.
Hypothermia vs. Hyperthermia

Key Differences

Hypothermia occurs when the body loses heat faster than it can produce, causing the body temperature to fall below 95°F (35°C). In contrast, Hyperthermia happens when the body absorbs more heat than it dissipates, leading to a body temperature that exceeds the normal range, typically above 99.5°F (37.5°C).
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024
In Hypothermia, the body's normal response to cold is overwhelmed, leading to a dangerous drop in body temperature. Hyperthermia, on the other hand, often results from external sources like high environmental temperatures or strenuous activity, overwhelming the body's heat-regulating mechanisms.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024
The symptoms of Hypothermia include shivering, slow breathing, and confusion, reflecting the body's inability to maintain its temperature. Hyperthermia manifests through symptoms like muscle cramps, nausea, and disorientation, indicating the body's failure to cool itself effectively.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024
Treatment for Hypothermia involves gradual rewarming and protecting the person from further heat loss. For Hyperthermia, cooling the body and hydration are crucial to bring the temperature down to a safer level.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024
Hypothermia can be life-threatening if not treated promptly, leading to a complete shutdown of critical body functions. Similarly, untreated Hyperthermia can escalate to heat stroke, a serious condition that can result in organ damage or death.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Definition

Body temp. below 95°F (35°C)
Body temp. above 99.5°F (37.5°C)
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Cause

Excessive heat loss
Excessive heat gain
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Symptoms

Shivering, confusion
Muscle cramps, nausea
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Treatment

Gradual rewarming
Body cooling, hydration
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Potential Complications

Organ failure, death
Heat stroke, organ damage
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024
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Hypothermia and Hyperthermia Definitions

Hypothermia

A medical emergency due to abnormally low body temperature.
The skier experienced hypothermia after being in the snow for too long.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hyperthermia

A condition where body temperature is elevated above normal limits.
Jogging in the hot sun led to hyperthermia.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hypothermia

A state of reduced body temperature causing physiological disruption.
Prolonged exposure to cold water caused the swimmer's hypothermia.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hyperthermia

An increase in body temperature due to failed thermoregulation.
The athlete suffered hyperthermia during the marathon.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hypothermia

A potentially fatal condition from extended exposure to cold.
Without proper winter gear, they risked hypothermia in the freezing temperatures.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024
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Hyperthermia

Elevated body temperature due to environmental heat exposure.
The hiker experienced hyperthermia after a long trek in the desert.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hypothermia

A condition where body temperature falls below 95°F (35°C).
The lost hiker was found suffering from hypothermia.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hyperthermia

A body's temperature rise often caused by external heat sources.
Wearing heavy clothing in summer can cause hyperthermia.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hypothermia

A drop in core body temperature leading to decreased metabolic rate.
In severe hypothermia, the victim's heart rate and breathing slowed down.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hyperthermia

A potentially serious condition from overheating.
The child left in the car showed signs of hyperthermia.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 12, 2024

Hypothermia

Abnormally low body temperature.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Hyperthermia

Unusually high body temperature.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Hypothermia

(pathology) Abnormally low body temperature; specifically, below 35 degrees Celsius for humans.
Hypothermia is the systemic cold injury.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Hyperthermia

(pathology) The condition of having an abnormally high body temperature caused by a failure of the heat-regulating mechanisms of the body to deal with the heat coming from the environment.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Hypothermia

Subnormal body temperature
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Hyperthermia

(medicine) The therapeutic application of heat to a patient, especially as treatment to cancer.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Hyperthermia

Abnormally high body temperature.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Hyperthermia

Abnormally high body temperature; sometimes induced (as in treating some forms of cancer)
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Repeatedly Asked Queries

What is Hypothermia?

A condition where body temperature drops below 95°F (35°C).
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

How does Hypothermia occur?

It occurs when the body loses heat faster than it can produce it.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Can Hypothermia be fatal?

Yes, if not promptly and properly treated.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

What are common symptoms of Hypothermia?

Shivering, confusion, and slow breathing.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Does Hypothermia affect mental function?

Yes, it can cause confusion and impaired judgment.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Can Hypothermia be prevented?

Yes, through proper clothing and avoiding prolonged cold exposure.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

How do you treat Hypothermia?

Through gradual rewarming and preventing further heat loss.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

How does Hyperthermia occur?

It happens when the body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Who is at risk for Hypothermia?

People exposed to cold weather, the elderly, and those in cold water.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Is Hypothermia common in certain climates?

More common in colder climates, but can occur anywhere.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Can Hyperthermia be life-threatening?

Yes, especially if it escalates to heat stroke.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

How do you treat Hyperthermia?

By cooling the body and ensuring hydration.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Can medications cause Hyperthermia?

Certain medications can impair the body's heat regulation.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Can Hypothermia occur indoors?

Yes, in poorly heated or cold environments.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

What are Hyperthermia symptoms?

Muscle cramps, nausea, and disorientation.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Who is at risk for Hyperthermia?

People in high temperatures, athletes, and the elderly.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Is Hyperthermia the same as a fever?

No, a fever is a regulated increase in body temperature due to illness.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

What is Hyperthermia?

A state where the body temperature exceeds normal limits, usually above 99.5°F (37.5°C).
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

Does Hyperthermia affect children differently?

Yes, children are more susceptible to heat-related illnesses.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

How can Hyperthermia be prevented?

Through hydration, wearing light clothing, and avoiding excessive heat.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 26, 2024

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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