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Government vs. Parliament: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
The government and parliament are two fundamental components of a country's political system. Government is an executive body administering a country. Parliament is the legislative body tasked with making laws.
Government vs. Parliament

Key Differences

The government is the executive branch responsible for implementing and enforcing laws, typically led by a president or prime minister. Parliament, in contrast, is a legislative body, consisting of elected or appointed members, responsible for creating and amending laws.
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Nov 18, 2023
Governments are generally tasked with day-to-day administration and policy execution. Parliaments primarily focus on debating, passing, and scrutinizing legislation.
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A government's role includes foreign policy, defense, and maintaining public order, operating through various ministries or departments. Parliament's role encompasses representing the electorate, voting on legislation, and overseeing the government's performance.
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Nov 18, 2023
Governments can propose legislation, but parliaments have the ultimate authority to enact or reject it. Parliaments also hold the power to form or dissolve a government through votes of confidence or no-confidence.
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Nov 18, 2023
The government is typically accountable to the parliament, which checks its powers and decisions. Parliament, representing the people's will, has the mandate to legislate and amend the constitution.
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Comparison Chart

Function

Enforcing laws, administration
Making, amending laws
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Composition

Appointed or elected executives
Elected or appointed members
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Focus

Policy execution, public service
Legislation, representation
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Accountability

Accountable to parliament
Accountable to electorate
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Role in Law

Proposes laws
Enacts and scrutinizes laws
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Government and Parliament Definitions

Government

Ruling body of a nation
The government announced new environmental policies.
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Nov 14, 2023

Parliament

Legislative assembly
The parliament passed a new tax reform bill.
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Nov 14, 2023

Government

Process of governing
The government is responsible for law enforcement.
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Nov 14, 2023

Parliament

Law-making body
In a democracy, parliament represents the people.
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Government

System of rule
The country adopted a democratic government.
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Nov 14, 2023
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Parliament

Meeting place of representatives
The parliament convenes regularly to discuss policies.
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Nov 14, 2023

Government

Regime in power
The current government faces economic challenges.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 14, 2023

Parliament

A representative body having supreme legislative powers within a state or multinational organization.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Government

The act or process of governing, especially the control and administration of public policy in a political unit.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Parliament

Parliament The national legislature of the United Kingdom, made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Government

The office, function, or authority of a governing individual or body.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Parliament

A formal council summoned (especially by a monarch) to discuss important issues.
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Oct 19, 2023

Government

Exercise of authority in a political unit; rule.
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Oct 19, 2023

Parliament

In many countries, the legislative branch of government, a deliberative assembly or set of assemblies whose elected or appointed members meet to debate the major political issues of the day, make, amend, and repeal laws, authorize the executive branch of government to spend money, and in some cases exercise judicial powers; a legislature.
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Oct 19, 2023

Government

The agency or apparatus through which a governing individual or body functions and exercises authority.
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Parliament

A particular assembly of the members of such a legislature, as convened for a specific purpose or period of time (commonly designated with an ordinal number – for example, first parliament or 12th parliament – or a descriptive adjective – for example, Long Parliament, Short Parliament and Rump Parliament).
Following the general election, Jane Doe took her oath of office as a member of the nation's fifth parliament.
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Government

The ruling political party or coalition of political parties in a parliamentary system.
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Parliament

A gathering of birds, especially rooks or owls.
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Government

The cabinet in a parliamentary system.
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Parliament

(historical) Parliament cake, a type of gingerbread.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Government

The persons who make up a governing body.
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Parliament

A parleying; a discussion; a conference.
But first they held their parliament.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Government

A system or policy by which a political unit is governed.
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Oct 19, 2023

Parliament

A formal conference on public affairs; a general council;
They made request that it might be lawful for them to summon a parliament of Gauls.
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Oct 19, 2023

Government

Administration or management of an organization, business, or institution.
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Oct 19, 2023

Parliament

The assembly of the three estates of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, viz., the lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the representatives of the commons, sitting in the House of Lords and the House of Commons, constituting the legislature, when summoned by the royal authority to consult on the affairs of the nation, and to enact and repeal laws.
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Government

Political science.
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Parliament

In France, before the Revolution of 1789, one of the several principal judicial courts.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Government

(Grammar) The influence of a word over the morphological inflection of another word in a phrase or sentence.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Parliament

A legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Government

The body with the power to make and/or enforce laws to control a country, land area, people or organization.
British government has historically centred exclusively on London.
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Parliament

A card game in which you play your sevens and other cards in sequence in the same suit as their sevens; you win if you are the first to use all your cards
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Shumaila Saeed
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Government

The relationship between a word and its dependents.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Parliament

Forum for political debate
Key issues are debated fiercely in parliament.
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Nov 14, 2023

Government

The state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.
If the citizens must follow the law, then the government must follow the constitution.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Parliament

Seat of legislative authority
Parliament has the power to amend laws.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 14, 2023

Government

(uncountable) The management or control of a system.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Government

The tenure of a chief of state.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Government

The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the administration of laws; control; direction; regulation; as, civil, church, or family government.
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Government

The mode of governing; the system of polity in a state; the established form of law.
That free government which we have so dearly purchased, free commonwealth.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Government

The right or power of governing; authority.
I here resign my government to thee.
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Government

The person or persons authorized to administer the laws; the ruling power; the administration.
When we, in England, speak of the government, we generally understand the ministers of the crown for the time being.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Government

The body politic governed by one authority; a state; as, the governments of Europe.
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Government

Management of the limbs or body.
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Government

The influence of a word in regard to construction, requiring that another word should be in a particular case.
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Oct 19, 2023

Government

The organization that is the governing authority of a political unit;
The government reduced taxes
The matter was referred to higher authorities
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Government

(government) the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed;
Tyrannical government
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Government

The act of governing; exercising authority;
Regulations for the governing of state prisons
He had considerable experience of government
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Government

The study of government of states and other political units
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Oct 19, 2023

Government

Administrative control
The government manages public health services.
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Nov 14, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Is the government responsible for foreign policy?

Yes, it typically handles international relations and defense.
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Nov 18, 2023

What is the primary function of a government?

To administer and execute laws and policies of a country.
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Nov 18, 2023

Can the government legislate without parliament?

No, laws need parliamentary approval.
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How does parliament check the government?

Through debates, votes, and inquiries into government actions.
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Nov 18, 2023

What happens when parliament dissolves the government?

This usually leads to new elections or the formation of a new government.
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Nov 18, 2023

What role does parliament play?

It legislates, debates, and scrutinizes laws.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

Can a member of the government be in parliament?

Yes, in many systems, government officials are also parliament members.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 18, 2023

How often does parliament meet?

This varies but usually in regular sessions throughout the year.
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Nov 18, 2023

Can parliament create new departments?

Yes, through legislative actions.
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Nov 18, 2023

Is parliament involved in day-to-day administration?

No, that's the government's role.
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Nov 18, 2023

Can the government function without parliament?

No, it requires legislative support and legal framework from parliament.
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Nov 18, 2023

Who leads the government?

Usually a prime minister or president.
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Nov 18, 2023

Who appoints government officials?

This varies, but often the head of government or state.
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Nov 18, 2023

Does parliament have financial powers?

Yes, it often controls budget and spending legislation.
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Nov 18, 2023

How does parliament represent the electorate?

Through elected members who voice the people's concerns.
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Nov 18, 2023

Are there different types of governments?

Yes, including democracies, monarchies, dictatorships, etc.
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Nov 18, 2023

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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