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Farm vs. Plantation: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
A farm is a piece of land used for growing crops or raising animals, while a plantation is a large estate, typically in tropical or subtropical regions, specializing in the mass production of a single crop.
Farm vs. Plantation

Key Differences

Farms can be small or large, focusing on diverse or specific types of crops and livestock, whereas plantations are usually large estates specializing in the production of single crops like tea, coffee, sugar, or rubber.
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The scale of farms varies widely, from family-run smallholdings to large agribusinesses, but plantations are typically large-scale operations often associated with colonial-era agriculture.
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Farms can be involved in various agricultural activities, including dairy, poultry, or vegetable cultivation, while plantations focus on monoculture, growing one type of crop extensively.
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Nov 23, 2023
The management of farms can be done by individuals, families, or corporations, but plantations usually require a larger workforce and are often historically linked to exploitative labor practices, including slavery.
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Farms are integral to rural economies and can be found globally, adapting to local climates and economies, whereas plantations are more common in tropical regions where conditions favor large-scale crop production.
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Comparison Chart

Scale

Varies from small to large
Generally large-scale
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Crop Diversity

Can be diverse or specific
Typically monoculture
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Location

Worldwide, in various climates
Often in tropical/subtropical regions
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Labor

Family-operated or hired workers
Often requires a large workforce
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Historical Context

Diverse, often family-centered
Often linked to colonialism and slavery
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Farm and Plantation Definitions

Farm

A land area used for agricultural purposes to grow crops and raise livestock.
They have a small dairy farm in the countryside.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Plantation

An estate, often in tropical regions, focusing on monoculture.
The rubber plantation covers thousands of acres.
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Nov 23, 2023

Farm

A place where agricultural activities like planting, growing, and harvesting occur.
The farm employs modern techniques for sustainable agriculture.
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Nov 23, 2023

Plantation

An agricultural enterprise where a single crop is grown for commercial purposes.
The cotton plantation was the main economic driver in the area.
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Farm

A managed plot of land for producing food, fiber, or animal products.
The organic farm avoids using synthetic pesticides and fertilizers.
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Plantation

A vast area where cash crops are grown on a large scale.
They visited a tea plantation during their trip to India.
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Farm

A tract of land cultivated for the purpose of agricultural production.
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Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

A large farm dedicated to the extensive production of specific crops.
He works as a manager on a coffee plantation.
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Farm

A tract of land devoted to the raising and breeding of domestic animals.
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Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

An area under cultivation.
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Farm

An area of water devoted to the raising, breeding, or production of a specific aquatic animal
A trout farm.
An oyster farm.
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Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

A group of cultivated trees or plants.
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Farm

A facility for the generation of energy by converting it from a particular source, usually by means of multiple electric generators
A wind farm.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

A large estate or farm on which crops are raised, often by resident workers.
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Farm

A place where a group of similar devices or storage containers are set up
A tank farm.
A server farm.
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Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

A newly established settlement; a colony.
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Farm

(Baseball) A minor-league club affiliated with a major-league club for the training of recruits and the maintenance of temporarily unneeded players.
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Plantation

A large farm; estate or area of land designated for agricultural growth. Often includes housing for the owner and workers.
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Farm

The system of leasing out the rights of collecting and retaining taxes in a certain district.
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Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

An area where trees are planted, either for commercial purposes, or to adorn an estate.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

A district so leased.
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Plantation

(historical) The importation of large numbers of workers and soldiers to displace the local population, such as in medieval Ireland and in the Americas; colonization.
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Farm

To cultivate or produce a crop on (land).
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Plantation

(historical) A colony established thus.
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (former official name of Rhode Island, United States)
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To cultivate, breed, or raise (plants or animals).
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

The act or practice of planting, or setting in the earth for growth.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To pay a fixed sum in order to have the right to collect and retain profits from (a business, for example).
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Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

The place planted; land brought under cultivation; a piece of ground planted with trees or useful plants; esp., in the United States and West Indies, a large estate appropriated to the production of the more important crops, and cultivated by laborers who live on the estate; as, a cotton plantation; a coffee plantation.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To turn over (a business, for example) to another in return for the payment of a fixed sum.
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Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

An original settlement in a new country; a colony.
While these plantations were forming in Connecticut.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To engage in farming.
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Plantation

An estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale (especially in tropical areas)
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

A place where agricultural and similar activities take place, especially the growing of crops or the raising of livestock.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Plantation

A newly established colony (especially in the colonization of North America);
The practice of sending convicted criminals to serve on the Plantations was common in the 17th century
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Farm

A tract of land held on lease for the purpose of cultivation.
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Plantation

Garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth
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Farm

A location used for an industrial purpose, having many similar structures.
Antenna farm; fuel farm; solar farm; wind farm
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Oct 19, 2023

Plantation

A large estate specialized in cultivating a single crop, like cotton or sugar.
The vast sugar plantation was a major producer in the region.
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Nov 23, 2023

Farm

(computing) A group of coordinated servers.
A render farm
A server farm
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

(obsolete) Food; provisions; a meal.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

(obsolete) A banquet; feast.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Farm

(obsolete) A fixed yearly amount (food, provisions, money, etc.) payable as rent or tax.
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Farm

(historical) A fixed yearly sum accepted from a person as a composition for taxes or other moneys which he is empowered to collect; also, a fixed charge imposed on a town, county, etc., in respect of a tax or taxes to be collected within its limits.
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Farm

(historical) The letting-out of public revenue to a ‘farmer’; the privilege of farming a tax or taxes.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

The body of farmers of public revenues.
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Farm

The condition of being let at a fixed rent; lease; a lease.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

(historical) A baby farm.
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Farm

(intransitive) To work on a farm, especially in the growing and harvesting of crops.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

(transitive) To devote (land) to farming.
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Farm

(transitive) To grow (a particular crop).
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Farm

To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; to farm out.
To farm the taxes
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To lease or let for an equivalent, e.g. land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds.
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Farm

To take at a certain rent or rate.
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Farm

To engage in grinding (repetitive activity) in a particular area or against specific enemies for a particular drop or item.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To cleanse; clean out; put in order; empty; empty out
Farm out the stable and pigsty.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

The rent of land, - originally paid by reservation of part of its products.
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Farm

The term or tenure of a lease of land for cultivation; a leasehold.
It is great willfulness in landlords to make any longer farms to their tenants.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

The land held under lease and by payment of rent for the purpose of cultivation.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

Any tract of land devoted to agricultural purposes, under the management of a tenant or the owner.
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Farm

A district of country leased (or farmed) out for the collection of the revenues of government.
The province was devided into twelve farms.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

A lease of the imposts on particular goods; as, the sugar farm, the silk farm.
Whereas G. H. held the farm of sugars upon a rent of 10,000 marks per annum.
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Farm

To lease or let for an equivalent, as land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds.
We are enforced to farm our royal realm.
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; as, to farm the taxes.
To farm their subjects and their duties toward these.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To take at a certain rent or rate.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To devote (land) to agriculture; to cultivate, as land; to till, as a farm.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Farm

To engage in the business of tilling the soil; to labor as a farmer.
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Farm

Workplace consisting of farm buildings and cultivated land as a unit;
It takes several people to work the farm
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Farm

Be a farmer; work as a farmer;
My son is farming in California
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Oct 19, 2023

Farm

Collect fees or profits
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Farm

Cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques;
The Bordeaux region produces great red wines
They produce good ham in Parma
We grow wheat here
We raise hogs here
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Farm

A property where farmers cultivate soil and keep animals.
The farm produces both corn and beef cattle.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Farm

An area dedicated to agriculture, either crops or animal husbandry.
Her family farm has been passed down for generations.
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

What defines a plantation?

A plantation is a large-scale estate specializing in the cultivation of a single type of crop.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What’s the main focus of a farm?

The focus can vary from subsistence to commercial production of crops and livestock.
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Nov 23, 2023

What types of farms are there?

There are various types, including dairy, poultry, mixed, and arable farms.
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Nov 23, 2023

Can a farm be organic?

Yes, a farm can be organic if it follows practices that avoid synthetic chemicals.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Are plantations always associated with slavery?

Historically, many plantations were, but modern plantations may not have such associations.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Do farms contribute to local economies?

Absolutely, farms are integral to local and national economies.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Do farms only produce food?

Farms can also produce fiber, biofuel, and other products besides food.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What is a farm?

A farm is a piece of land used for agriculture, either for growing crops or raising animals.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

How large are plantations?

Plantations are usually large, often covering hundreds or thousands of acres.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What is mixed farming?

Mixed farming involves both crop cultivation and livestock rearing on the same farm.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Is labor intensive on a plantation?

Yes, traditionally plantations require significant labor, often in challenging conditions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

How do plantations impact biodiversity?

Monoculture on plantations can negatively impact biodiversity.
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Nov 23, 2023

What crops are typically grown on plantations?

Common plantation crops include tea, coffee, sugar, rubber, and tobacco.
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Nov 23, 2023

Are plantations eco-friendly?

Monoculture practices in plantations can have environmental downsides, though this varies.
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Nov 23, 2023

Can urban areas have farms?

Yes, urban farming is growing in popularity in city environments.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What challenges do plantations face?

They face challenges like labor issues, environmental concerns, and market fluctuations.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What is sustainable farming?

Sustainable farming involves practices that protect the environment and animal welfare.
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Nov 23, 2023

How do farms adapt to climate change?

Farms adapt through practices like crop rotation, water conservation, and sustainable techniques.
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Nov 23, 2023

Can plantations be small scale?

Typically, plantations are large scale, but smaller operations may exist.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What is the history of plantations?

Plantations have a colonial history, often tied to exploitation and slavery.
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Nov 23, 2023

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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