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Estrogen vs. Progesterone: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Estrogen is a hormone primarily regulating female reproductive system development and function. Progesterone is a hormone crucial in regulating menstruation and maintaining pregnancy.
Estrogen vs. Progesterone

Key Differences

Estrogen is key in developing female secondary sexual characteristics, like breast development and menstrual cycle regulation. Progesterone, conversely, plays a vital role in preparing the uterus for pregnancy and maintaining it post-conception.
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Nov 21, 2023
Estrogen influences mood, bone health, and skin tissue, showcasing its diverse biological roles. Progesterone is essential for pregnancy, supporting embryo implantation and preventing uterine contractions in early pregnancy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023
In the menstrual cycle, estrogen levels rise during the follicular phase, stimulating uterine lining growth. Progesterone levels peak in the luteal phase, stabilizing the uterine lining for potential pregnancy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023
Estrogen imbalances can lead to conditions like osteoporosis or menstrual irregularities. Progesterone imbalances may cause issues like menstrual irregularities or difficulties in maintaining pregnancy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023
Estrogen is also involved in non-reproductive systems like the cardiovascular system. Progesterone, while primarily known for reproductive functions, also influences mood and sleep.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Primary Function

Develops female secondary sexual characteristics, regulates menstruation
Prepares and maintains uterus for pregnancy
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Nov 21, 2023

Menstrual Cycle Role

Rises in follicular phase, thickens uterine lining
Peaks in luteal phase, stabilizes uterine lining
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Nov 21, 2023

Imbalance Effects

Can cause osteoporosis, menstrual irregularities
May lead to menstrual issues, pregnancy complications
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Nov 21, 2023

Non-Reproductive Influence

Affects bone health, cardiovascular system, skin
Impacts mood, sleep regulation
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Treatment Uses

Used in hormone replacement therapy, contraception
Used in fertility treatments, hormone therapy
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Estrogen and Progesterone Definitions

Estrogen

A group of hormones critical for sexual and reproductive development in women.
Her doctor checked her estrogen levels to evaluate her menstrual irregularities.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 17, 2023

Progesterone

Prepares the lining of the uterus for a fertilized egg and maintains pregnancy.
After ovulation, progesterone levels increase to ready the uterus for potential embryo implantation.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 17, 2023

Estrogen

Produced primarily in the ovaries and plays a key role in the menstrual cycle.
Fluctuations in estrogen cause many of the symptoms experienced during the menstrual cycle.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 17, 2023

Progesterone

Influences menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and also affects mood and sleep.
Progesterone can cause mood swings and changes in sleep patterns.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 17, 2023

Estrogen

Involved in various physiological processes beyond reproduction.
Estrogen affects skin elasticity and texture, impacting overall skin health.
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Nov 17, 2023
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Progesterone

A hormone vital for regulating the menstrual cycle and maintaining early pregnancy.
Progesterone supplements are often prescribed to support early stages of pregnancy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 17, 2023

Estrogen

Influences various body systems, including bone, brain, and cardiovascular health.
Adequate estrogen levels are important for maintaining healthy bones.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 17, 2023

Progesterone

Produced in the ovaries post-ovulation and by the placenta during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, progesterone production is crucial for the health of the fetus.
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Nov 17, 2023

Estrogen

Hormones that regulate the female reproductive system and secondary sexual characteristics.
Estrogen therapy is often used to manage menopausal symptoms.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 17, 2023

Progesterone

Plays a role in breast development and breastfeeding.
Progesterone levels rise during pregnancy, aiding in breast tissue preparation for lactation.
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Nov 17, 2023

Estrogen

Any of several steroid hormones, such as estradiol and estrone, that are produced primarily by the ovaries, stimulate the development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics, exert systemic effects such as the growth and maturation of long bones, and promote estrus in many female mammals. Estrogens synthesized from plant sources or obtained from horses are used as drugs, primarily to treat estrogen deficiency.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Progesterone

A steroid hormone, C21H30O2, that is secreted by the corpus luteum of the ovary and by the placenta and that acts to prepare the uterus for implantation of the fertilized ovum and to maintain pregnancy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Estrogen

Any of several synthetic compounds that mimic the physiologic activity of estrogen, such as ethinyl estradiol, used primarily in oral contraceptives.
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Oct 19, 2023

Progesterone

This compound formulated as a drug, usually prepared synthetically from phytosterols, used in the treatment of infertility, amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, and certain other conditions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Estrogen

(steroid hormone) Any of a group of steroids that are secreted by the ovaries and function as female sex hormones.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Progesterone

A steroid hormone, secreted by the ovaries, whose function is to prepare the uterus for the implantation of a fertilized ovum and to maintain pregnancy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Oct 19, 2023

Estrogen

A general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
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Oct 19, 2023

Progesterone

A synthetic version of the compound, used in contraceptive pills and other pharmaceutical products.
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Oct 19, 2023

Progesterone

A steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Can men have estrogen?

Yes, men produce estrogen too, but in much smaller amounts than women.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

What is estrogen?

Estrogen is a primary female sex hormone responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

What are the sources of estrogen?

Estrogen is naturally produced by the ovaries and can also be synthesized for medication.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Does estrogen have a role in men’s health?

Yes, estrogen in men helps in maintaining bone density and healthy sexual function.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

How does estrogen affect the body?

Estrogen influences the development of female sexual characteristics, bone health, and cholesterol levels.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

What role does progesterone play in pregnancy?

Progesterone maintains the lining of the uterus, essential for a successful pregnancy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Can progesterone levels affect menstrual cycles?

Yes, irregular or low progesterone levels can lead to menstrual irregularities.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

What are the functions of progesterone?

Progesterone prepares the body for pregnancy, regulates the menstrual cycle, and affects sexual desire.
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Nov 21, 2023

Where is progesterone produced?

Progesterone is mainly produced in the ovaries, placenta (during pregnancy), and adrenal glands.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

How does progesterone affect mood?

Progesterone can influence mood and is often linked to mood swings during the menstrual cycle.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Are estrogen and progesterone used in birth control?

Yes, many birth control methods contain synthetic forms of these hormones.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

What are the risks of estrogen therapy?

Estrogen therapy can increase the risk of blood clots, stroke, and certain types of cancer.
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How does progesterone affect sleep?

Progesterone has a sedative effect and can influence sleep patterns.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Can estrogen affect weight?

Yes, changes in estrogen levels can influence body weight and fat distribution.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Is progesterone present in men?

Yes, men also produce progesterone, but like estrogen, in lower quantities than women.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

What happens when estrogen levels are low?

Low estrogen levels can lead to symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Can progesterone help with menopause symptoms?

Yes, progesterone is often used in hormone replacement therapy to alleviate menopause symptoms.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Do estrogen levels change with age?

Yes, estrogen levels typically decline with age, especially during menopause.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Does progesterone play a role in fertility?

Yes, adequate progesterone levels are crucial for fertility and maintaining a pregnancy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

Are there natural ways to increase estrogen and progesterone?

Certain foods and lifestyle changes can help, but it's important to consult with a healthcare provider.
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Shumaila Saeed
Nov 21, 2023

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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