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Windows vs. Linux: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on December 25, 2023
Windows is a series of operating systems developed by Microsoft; Linux is an open-source kernel forming the basis for a variety of operating systems.
Windows vs. Linux

Key Differences

Windows, developed by Microsoft, is a proprietary operating system with a user-friendly interface, widely used on personal computers and servers. Linux, conversely, is an open-source operating system kernel that can be modified and distributed by anyone, powering a multitude of distributions.
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Windows provides a graphical user interface (GUI) known for its ease of use, making it popular among non-technical users. Linux is celebrated for its security and flexibility, used extensively in servers and supercomputers.
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Windows has a significant market share in the desktop market, while Linux dominates the server market and is the foundation for Android on mobile devices.
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Both Windows and Linux offer distinct ecosystems of applications, with Windows boasting a vast library of commercial software and Linux offering a plethora of free and open-source alternatives.
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Comparison Chart

Developer

Microsoft Corporation.
Community-driven, led by Linus Torvalds.
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Licensing

Proprietary software with paid licenses.
Open-source, with free and paid distributions.
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User Interface

Consistent GUI across versions.
Multiple GUIs depending on the distribution.
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System Updates

Controlled by Microsoft, with scheduled updates.
User-managed, with rolling updates in some distributions.
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Default File System

NTFS (New Technology File System).
Ext4, among others, varies by distribution.
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Windows and Linux Definitions

Windows

Windows offers built-in compatibility with many hardware devices through Plug and Play.
Connecting a new printer to his Windows PC was a seamless process.
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Linux

Linux distributions often come with powerful command-line interfaces for advanced control.
He uses the command line in Linux to automate his software builds.
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Windows

Windows provides support for a wide range of software, particularly in gaming and productivity.
She runs professional graphic design software exclusively available for Windows.
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Linux

Linux is a versatile kernel that serves as the foundation for a variety of free operating systems.
She chose a Linux-based OS for its reliability and security features.
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Windows

Windows is known for its regular feature updates and security patches.
After the recent Windows security patch, her computer's performance improved.
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Linux

Linux is highly customizable, allowing users to modify the system to fit their needs.
The developer customized his Linux environment for optimal programming efficiency.
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Windows

Windows is a commercial operating system with a focus on user-friendly experiences.
He installed the latest Windows update to keep his computer secure.
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Linux

Linux supports a community-based development approach, with many contributors.
Volunteers from around the world contributed to the latest Linux kernel update.
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Windows

Windows has a dedicated customer support service provided by Microsoft.
When he encountered an issue, he used Windows' customer support to resolve it.
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Linux

Linux is widely regarded for its stability and security in server environments.
Their company's servers run on Linux due to its excellent uptime record.
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Windows

Plural of window
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Linux

(software) Any unix-like operating system that uses the Linux kernel.
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Linux

An open-source version of the UNIX operating system
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Is Windows more user-friendly than Linux?

Generally, yes, due to its familiar interface and support.
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Can I use Windows software on Linux?

Not natively, but there are compatibility layers like Wine.
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Which is more secure, Windows or Linux?

Linux typically has a reputation for being more secure.
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Do I have to pay for Windows?

Yes, although it often comes pre-installed on new PCs.
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Is Linux really free?

Yes, most Linux distributions are free to download and use.
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What is Windows?

Windows is a series of proprietary operating systems by Microsoft.
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Can I run a Linux OS on a Windows machine?

Yes, through dual-booting or a virtual machine.
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What is Linux?

Linux is an open-source kernel used in various operating systems.
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Can Linux be as visually appealing as Windows?

Yes, with GUIs like GNOME and KDE Plasma.
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Which OS should I use for gaming?

Windows, due to better support from game developers.
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What is the main difference between Windows and Linux?

Windows is a commercial operating system developed by Microsoft, while Linux is an open-source operating system developed by the community.
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Is Windows or Linux better for servers?

Linux is often preferred for servers due to its stability and security.
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How often do Windows and Linux get updated?

Windows has a regular update schedule; Linux updates vary by distribution.
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Can I get customer support for Linux?

Community support is available, and paid support for commercial distributions.
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Can I run Windows software on Linux?

Not natively, but there are tools like Wine that can run some Windows software on Linux.
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What are the system requirements for Windows and Linux?

Windows generally requires more resources; Linux can run on lower-end hardware.
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Why do most businesses use Windows over Linux?

Windows is more prevalent in business due to its widespread compatibility with various software, ease of use, and comprehensive support from Microsoft.
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Is Linux more secure than Windows?

Linux is often considered more secure due to its open-source nature and less frequent targeting by malware, but security also depends on user practices.
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Can I use Linux for free?

Yes, most Linux distributions are free to download, use, and modify.
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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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