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Political Science vs. Polity: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Updated on February 20, 2024
Political Science is the academic study of politics and government, while Polity refers to a particular form or system of government.
Political Science vs. Polity

Key Differences

Political Science is a broad academic discipline that studies governments, public policies, political processes, systems, and political behavior. Polity, in contrast, specifically refers to a particular form or system of government or the state itself, focusing on its structure and organization.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024
Political Science encompasses various subfields, including comparative politics, international relations, political theory, and public administration, offering a comprehensive understanding of political phenomena. Polity, however, deals with the practical aspects of governance and the constitution of a political unit, like a country or state, highlighting its administrative and structural features.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024
Political Science is more theoretical, involving the study and analysis of political ideas, ideologies, and theoretical frameworks. Polity is more practical, focusing on the actual operation and functioning of a government or political system.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024
Political Science is an academic subject taught in universities, forming the basis for research and education in politics. Polity represents a real-world entity, referring to a specific political system or government in operation.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024
The objective of Political Science is to understand and explain political phenomena, often using qualitative and quantitative research methods. Polity's focus is on the governance structure and the constitution of a political entity, concerned with the practical aspects of how a state is governed.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Definition

The study of politics and government
A form or system of government
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Scope

Broad and encompasses various subfields
Specific to a government's form and structure
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Nature

Theoretical and analytical
Practical and organizational
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Shumaila Saeed
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Application

Academic and educational
Real-world governance and administration
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Shumaila Saeed
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Primary Focus

Understanding political systems and behavior
The functioning and structure of a specific political system
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Political Science and Polity Definitions

Political Science

The scientific analysis of political activity and behavior.
Political Science research often involves studying voter behavior.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Polity

A particular form or system of government.
The polity of Canada is a parliamentary democracy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Political Science

The discipline that examines the theory and practice of politics.
Political Science helps in understanding the complexities of international relations.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Polity

The constitution of a political unit and its government.
Studying the polity of ancient Rome reveals much about its governance.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Political Science

The academic study of government, politics, and political behavior.
I majored in Political Science to understand how governments function.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024
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Polity

The political organization of a state or society.
In my thesis, I analyze the polity of medieval European kingdoms.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Political Science

An area of study focusing on political activities and institutions.
My Political Science course covers the workings of political institutions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Polity

A system of governance or political entity.
Understanding a nation's polity helps in comprehending its political decisions.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Political Science

A field analyzing political systems, ideologies, and policies.
In Political Science, we compare different political ideologies.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Polity

The form of government of a nation, state, church, or organization.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Polity

An organized society, such as a nation, having a specific form of government
"His alien philosophy found no roots in the American polity" (New York Times).
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Polity

(politics) An organizational structure of the government of a state, church, etc.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Polity

(political science) A politically organized unit; a state.
Different nations have different forms of polities, from provinces and states to territories and municipalities.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Polity

The form or constitution of the civil government of a nation or state; the framework or organization by which the various departments of government are combined into a systematic whole.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Polity

Hence: The form or constitution by which any institution is organized; the recognized principles which lie at the foundation of any human institution.
Nor is possible that any form of polity, much less polity ecclesiastical, should be good, unless God himself be author of it.
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Shumaila Saeed
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Polity

Policy; art; management.
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Polity

The form of government of a social organization
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Polity

A politically organized unit
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Polity

Shrewd or crafty management of public affairs;
We was innocent of stratagems and polity
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Shumaila Saeed
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Polity

An organized society having a specific form of government.
The polity of the United States is a federal republic.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 17, 2024

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Can Political Science predict political outcomes?

It attempts to, using theories and models, but absolute prediction is challenging.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

What is Political Science?

It's the study of politics, political systems, and political behavior.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

What topics does Political Science cover?

It covers government structures, political theories, international relations, and public policies.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

What is a polity?

A polity is a form or system of government or political organization.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Is polity the same as democracy?

Democracy is one type of polity, among others like monarchies or oligarchies.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

What are the key research methods in Political Science?

Qualitative and quantitative analysis, case studies, and comparative methods.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

How does polity affect a country?

It determines how a country is governed and how power is distributed.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Can a country have multiple polities?

Generally, a country has one polity, but it can change over time.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Is Political Science a social science?

Yes, it's considered a social science.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Do Political Science studies include global politics?

Yes, it includes studying international relations and global affairs.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

How is polity different from government?

Polity refers to the system or form, while government is the institution in power.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Can polity change in a country?

Yes, through revolutions, reforms, or other political changes.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

What skills does studying Political Science develop?

Critical thinking, analytical skills, and understanding of political processes.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Is studying polity important?

Yes, to understand how different government forms function and affect societies.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

How is Political Science useful in everyday life?

It helps understand political decisions, voting behavior, and policy impacts.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

What careers can one pursue with a Political Science degree?

Careers in government, law, journalism, education, and non-profits.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

What role does culture play in shaping polity?

Culture can influence the form and functioning of a polity.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Are there universal principles in Political Science?

It has key concepts, but interpretations can vary by culture and society.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Can an individual influence a polity?

Yes, through political participation, activism, and advocacy.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

Does polity include economic systems?

It focuses more on political organization, but economic systems can be related.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 18, 2024

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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