Difference Between
versus

Horizontal Power Sharing vs. Vertical Power Sharing.: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 23, 2024
Horizontal Power Sharing involves distributing authority among different levels of the same institution, while Vertical Power Sharing refers to dividing power across different levels of government.
Horizontal Power Sharing vs. Vertical Power Sharing.

Key Differences

Horizontal Power Sharing is a political arrangement where power is divided among different organs of government, like the legislature, executive, and judiciary. This system ensures a balance of power, preventing any single entity from gaining dominance. Vertical Power Sharing, in contrast, refers to power distribution among different levels of government, such as federal, state, and local authorities. This ensures a more localized approach to governance and administration.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024
In Horizontal Power Sharing, the focus is on the separation of powers within the same level of government. For example, a parliament (legislature) makes laws, a government (executive) implements them, and courts (judiciary) interpret these laws. This division creates a system of checks and balances. Vertical Power Sharing, however, is about allocating responsibilities and powers among central, regional, and local governments. It addresses the issue of bringing governance closer to the citizens and accommodating diversity within a nation.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024
Horizontal Power Sharing often involves mechanisms for mutual accountability. For instance, the judiciary can check the powers of the legislature and executive. It's a framework largely seen in democratic governments. Vertical Power Sharing, on the other hand, can vary greatly depending on a country's specific constitutional arrangements and can be found in federal systems where different government levels have distinct roles and responsibilities.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024
Horizontal Power Sharing is crucial in maintaining a balance within the central government, preventing tyranny and ensuring democratic principles. In contrast, Vertical Power Sharing is vital for addressing local needs, promoting participation at different government levels, and managing diverse interests within a country.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024
In essence, Horizontal Power Sharing distributes power laterally across a singular level of government to maintain a balance of power, whereas Vertical Power Sharing distributes power vertically across multiple levels of government to ensure governance is accessible and responsive to people at different levels.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Level of Government

Same level (e.g., central)
Different levels (e.g., federal, state)
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Focus

Separation of powers within an institution
Allocation of powers among various government tiers
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Objective

Ensure checks and balances
Bring governance closer to the public
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Example

Legislature, Executive, Judiciary in a country
Federal, State, Local governments in a nation
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Significance

Prevents concentration of power
Manages diverse interests and local needs
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024
ADVERTISEMENT

Horizontal Power Sharing and Vertical Power Sharing. Definitions

Horizontal Power Sharing

Horizontal Power Sharing involves dividing authority among coequal sectors of government.
Horizontal Power Sharing is observed when the judicial branch reviews laws passed by the legislative branch.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Vertical Power Sharing.

Vertical Power Sharing aims to bring governance closer to citizens.
Vertical Power Sharing enables local governments to address specific community needs more effectively.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Horizontal Power Sharing

Horizontal Power Sharing is a system of governance where power is shared among different institutions at the same level.
A prime example of Horizontal Power Sharing is the separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Vertical Power Sharing.

Vertical Power Sharing ensures decentralized administration in a country.
A feature of Vertical Power Sharing is when state governments have the autonomy to formulate their educational policies.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Horizontal Power Sharing

Horizontal Power Sharing ensures no single branch of government has absolute authority.
Horizontal Power Sharing is at work when courts have the power to declare legislative acts unconstitutional.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024
ADVERTISEMENT

Vertical Power Sharing.

Vertical Power Sharing involves allocating responsibilities between central and local authorities.
A characteristic of Vertical Power Sharing is seen when local governments handle community services while the central government manages national defense.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Horizontal Power Sharing

Horizontal Power Sharing is the distribution of power among different branches of government.
In the U.S., Horizontal Power Sharing is evident as Congress makes laws, the President enforces them, and the Supreme Court interprets them.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Vertical Power Sharing.

Vertical Power Sharing is a system where governance is divided among federal, state, and local levels.
In Vertical Power Sharing, states may have their own laws and regulations, distinct from the federal government.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Horizontal Power Sharing

Horizontal Power Sharing aims to balance power within the central government.
In Horizontal Power Sharing, the executive branch can veto laws, which the legislature can override.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Vertical Power Sharing.

Vertical Power Sharing is the distribution of power across different levels of government.
In Vertical Power Sharing, a national government may delegate certain powers to state or provincial governments.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 08, 2024

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Why is Horizontal Power Sharing important?

It prevents the concentration of power in one branch and maintains a balance.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

What is an example of Horizontal Power Sharing?

The separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches in a democracy.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Does Horizontal Power Sharing affect law-making?

Yes, it involves different branches in law-making, implementation, and interpretation.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

How does Vertical Power Sharing benefit a country?

It ensures governance is accessible and responsive at different levels, catering to local needs.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Can Vertical Power Sharing lead to conflicts between government levels?

Sometimes, especially if roles and responsibilities are not clearly defined.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Can Horizontal Power Sharing change over time?

Yes, it can evolve with changes in laws and constitutional amendments.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

What is Horizontal Power Sharing?

It's the division of power among different branches of the same level of government.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

How does Vertical Power Sharing affect local governance?

It empowers local governments to address specific community issues effectively.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

How does Vertical Power Sharing impact federalism?

It's a key component, defining how power is divided in a federal system.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

What is Vertical Power Sharing?

It's the allocation of powers among various levels of government, like federal, state, and local.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Can Horizontal Power Sharing lead to gridlock in government?

Sometimes, especially when there is significant disagreement among the branches.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Can Horizontal Power Sharing exist without democracy?

It's primarily a feature of democratic systems, ensuring checks and balances.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

How does Vertical Power Sharing support diversity?

By allowing local governments to cater to the unique needs and cultures of their communities.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

How does Vertical Power Sharing relate to decentralization?

It's a form of decentralization, distributing authority away from the central government.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Is Horizontal Power Sharing crucial for a stable government?

Yes, it helps maintain stability by ensuring a balance of power.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Is Horizontal Power Sharing the same in all countries?

No, the specifics can vary based on a country's constitution and governance model.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

How does Vertical Power Sharing affect education policies?

It allows local or state governments to tailor education policies to local needs.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Does Horizontal Power Sharing help in crisis management?

It can, by allowing for a more coordinated response across different branches.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Are there limitations to Vertical Power Sharing?

Yes, it can be limited by the central government's control over certain key powers.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Is Horizontal Power Sharing effective in preventing corruption?

It can be, as it prevents power concentration and promotes transparency.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 23, 2024

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

FPTP vs. PRFPTP vs. PR
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 16, 2024
FPTP (First Past the Post) is a simple plurality voting system where the candidate with most votes wins; PR (Proportional Representation) allocates seats based on the proportion of votes each party receives.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
Extent vs. ScopeExtent vs. Scope
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Extent" refers to the degree or range something covers, while "Scope" relates to the breadth or range of coverage, influence, or effect.
Pulley vs. SheavePulley vs. Sheave
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 4, 2024
A pulley is a wheel on an axle designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable, while a sheave is the wheel part of a pulley system that specifically interacts with the cable.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
Poem vs. PoetryPoem vs. Poetry
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A poem is a piece of writing that expresses ideas and emotions with a distinctive style and rhythm; poetry is the art form of writing such pieces.
Login vs. LogonLogin vs. Logon
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Login" and "Logon" are often used interchangeably to describe the process of gaining access to a computer system, but "login" can also refer to the credentials used for access.
Nuclear Family vs. Joint FamilyNuclear Family vs. Joint Family
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 9, 2024
Nuclear Family is a family unit consisting of parents and their children. Joint Family is a larger family structure comprising parents, children, and other relatives living together.
NM3 vs. M3NM3 vs. M3
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 19, 2024
NM3 measures gas volume under Normal conditions (0°C and 1.01325 bar), while M3 measures volume under the conditions at which it is measured, without standard adjustment.
Vital Proteins Collagen vs. OrganikaVital Proteins Collagen vs. Organika
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 9, 2024
Vital Proteins Collagen is a brand offering collagen supplements for health and beauty, while Organika is a broader health and wellness brand with diverse products including collagen.
Data Roaming vs. Cellular DataData Roaming vs. Cellular Data
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Data Roaming allows usage of mobile network services outside of the home network area, while Cellular Data is using mobile services within the home network.
Slazenger Logo vs. Puma LogoSlazenger Logo vs. Puma Logo
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 15, 2024
The Slazenger logo features a panther, symbolizing agility and tradition, while the Puma logo depicts a leaping puma, representing speed and strength.
Catapult vs. TrebuchetCatapult vs. Trebuchet
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 4, 2024
A catapult is a ballistic device using tension or torsion to launch projectiles, while a trebuchet is a type of catapult using a counterweight for greater force and distance.
Fluid vs. LiquidFluid vs. Liquid
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 13, 2024
Fluids encompass all substances that flow (including gases and liquids), while liquids specifically refer to fluids with a definite volume but no fixed shape, adapting to their container.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
Pycharm Community vs. Pycharm ProPycharm Community vs. Pycharm Pro
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
PyCharm Community is a free, open-source IDE for Python development, while PyCharm Pro is a paid version with additional advanced features like web development support and database tools.
5'11" vs. 6'0"5’11” vs. 6’0″
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
The difference between 5'11" and 6'0" is one inch, with 5'11" being 71 inches and 6'0" being 72 inches tall.
Traditional Trade vs. Modern TradeTraditional Trade vs. Modern Trade
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Traditional trade involves local, small-scale, often personalized commerce; modern trade is characterized by large-scale, technology-driven, and impersonal retail environments.
Explain vs. DefineExplain vs. Define
Dua FatimaDua Fatima
June 22, 2024
Explaining involves detailing or clarifying a concept, often including context and examples, whereas defining means stating the exact meaning of a word or phrase, typically in a concise manner.
DDR3 vs. DDR3LDDR3 vs. DDR3L
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 29, 2024
DDR3 is a type of RAM with standard voltage (1.5V), while DDR3L is a low voltage variant (1.35V) compatible with both 1.5V and 1.35V slots.
PPM vs. PPMVPPM vs. PPMV
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 10, 2024
PPM (parts per million) measures the concentration of one substance within a million parts of another. PPMV (parts per million by volume) expresses gas concentration as volume per million volumes of air.
Poster vs. InfographicPoster vs. Infographic
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Poster is a large printed image or notice for public display, while an Infographic is a visual representation of information or data.
Crane vs. HeronCrane vs. Heron
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
June 24, 2024
Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds known for their elaborate dances, while herons are typically more solitary, stealth hunters with a distinctive S-shaped neck.
NDM vs. FTPNDM vs. FTP
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 15, 2024
NDM (Network Data Mover) automates and secures data transfers across networks, while FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a standard network protocol for transferring files between computers.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons