Difference Between
versus

Have Been vs. Had Been: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 14, 2024
"Have been" is present perfect tense indicating an action started in the past and may continue to the present, while "had been" is past perfect tense for actions completed before another past event.
Have Been vs. Had Been

Key Differences

Have been is used in the present perfect tense to describe an action that started in the past and continues into the present, or whose effects are still felt. It connects the past with the present. Had been, however, is used in the past perfect tense to indicate an action that was completed in the past before another past action occurred. This difference highlights the temporal relationship between the action and the reference point.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024
In terms of usage, have been often appears in sentences that discuss experiences, changes over time, or ongoing situations. It suggests continuity or repetition. On the other hand, had been typically appears in more complex sentences that require expressing a sequence of events in the past, indicating that one event happened before another.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024
Have been can also be used to describe general experiences up to the present. For example, "I have been to France" implies the experience occurred at some unspecified time before now. In contrast, had been emphasizes completion before a specific moment in the past, as in "I had been to France before 2010", indicating the visits occurred before that year.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024
Another aspect is the implication of duration. Have been can imply a sense of duration continuing up to the present. For instance, "I have been waiting for hours" suggests the wait started in the past and is still ongoing. Had been suggests a duration that had a definite endpoint in the past, such as in "I had been waiting for hours before he finally arrived."
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024
Finally, the choice between have been and had been can change the meaning of a sentence. Using have been can suggest relevance to the current situation, while had been can imply that the situation has changed. For instance, "I have been sick" suggests you might still be unwell, whereas "I had been sick" implies you have since recovered.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Tense

Present Perfect
Past Perfect
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Time Frame

Past to Present
Past before Past
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Continuity

Ongoing or Recent Past
Completed in the Past
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Usage Context

Current relevance, experiences, changes
Sequence of past events, completed actions
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Example

"I have been studying."
"I had been studying before the test started."
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024
ADVERTISEMENT

Have Been and Had Been Definitions

Have Been

Describes actions that were completed in the recent past.
I have been reading that book.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Had Been

Describes a state or condition that existed in the past.
They had been happy together.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Have Been

Describes a general state or condition over a period of time.
I have been tired lately.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Had Been

Indicates the duration of an action leading up to a specific time in the past.
She had been waiting for an hour when he arrived.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Have Been

Indicates experiences acquired over a lifetime.
I have been to several countries.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Had Been

Used to show the sequence of two past actions.
He had been sleeping when the phone rang.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Have Been

Indicates how something has changed or developed over time.
The climate has been changing.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Had Been

Indicates an action that was completed in the past before another past action.
I had been working there before it closed down.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Have Been

Refers to actions that started in the past and continue to the present.
I have been working here for five years.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Had Been

Refers to a habit or repeated action that occurred in the past.
We had been going to that café every Sunday.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Dec 19, 2023

Repeatedly Asked Queries

What does "have been" imply in a sentence?

It implies an action or state that started in the past and may continue to the present.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Can "have been" be used for recent actions?

Yes, it can describe actions completed in the recent past and still relevant.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

How does "have been" connect past and present?

It shows an action or state that started in the past and has implications for the present.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

When should I use "had been"?

Use "had been" to indicate a past action that was completed before another action in the past.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Does "had been" imply a sequence of events?

Yes, it's used to show that one past event happened before another.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

How do I know when to use "have been" or "had been"?

Use “have been” for actions relevant to the present and “had been” for past completed actions.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

What's the difference in time reference between "have been" and "had been"?

Have been” spans from past to present, while “had been” refers to a time before another past event.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Is "had been" only for past events?

Yes, it's used to describe actions or states that were completed in the past.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Can "have been" indicate life experiences?

Yes, it's often used to talk about life experiences up to the present.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

What tense is "have been" a part of?

It's part of the present perfect tense.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Can "have been" describe changes over time?

Yes, it can indicate how things have changed or developed over time.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Does "have been" suggest continuity?

Yes, it often suggests an action or state is continuing or has recent relevance.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Is "have been" suitable for ongoing situations?

Yes, it's ideal for describing ongoing actions or states.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

What kind of actions does "had been" describe?

It describes completed actions or states in the past, often before another past event.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Can "had been" describe past habits?

Yes, it can describe habits or repeated actions in the past.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

How does "have been" differ in meaning from "had been"?

Have been” connects past actions to the present, while “had been” shows completion before another past event.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

What does "have been" tell us about duration?

It can indicate an ongoing or extended duration up to the present.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Is "had been" used for past conditions?

Yes, it can describe past conditions or states that existed before a specific point in the past.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

And what tense does "had been" belong to?

It belongs to the past perfect tense.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Can "have been" be used for general states?

Yes, it's often used to describe general states or conditions over a period.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 14, 2024

Share this page

Link for your blog / website
HTML
Link to share via messenger
About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

FPTP vs. PRFPTP vs. PR
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 16, 2024
FPTP (First Past the Post) is a simple plurality voting system where the candidate with most votes wins; PR (Proportional Representation) allocates seats based on the proportion of votes each party receives.
Japanese Eyes vs. Chinese EyesJapanese Eyes vs. Chinese Eyes
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Japanese Eyes and Chinese Eyes refer to linguistic structures in Japanese and Chinese respectively, each reflecting unique aspects of grammar and syntax.
Extent vs. ScopeExtent vs. Scope
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Extent" refers to the degree or range something covers, while "Scope" relates to the breadth or range of coverage, influence, or effect.
Pulley vs. SheavePulley vs. Sheave
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 4, 2024
A pulley is a wheel on an axle designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable, while a sheave is the wheel part of a pulley system that specifically interacts with the cable.
2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
2 Pole Motors have one pair of magnetic poles and run at higher speeds, while 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of poles and operate at lower speeds, offering higher torque.
Poem vs. PoetryPoem vs. Poetry
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A poem is a piece of writing that expresses ideas and emotions with a distinctive style and rhythm; poetry is the art form of writing such pieces.
Login vs. LogonLogin vs. Logon
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
"Login" and "Logon" are often used interchangeably to describe the process of gaining access to a computer system, but "login" can also refer to the credentials used for access.
Nuclear Family vs. Joint FamilyNuclear Family vs. Joint Family
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 9, 2024
Nuclear Family is a family unit consisting of parents and their children. Joint Family is a larger family structure comprising parents, children, and other relatives living together.
NM3 vs. M3NM3 vs. M3
Hifza NasirHifza Nasir
April 19, 2024
NM3 measures gas volume under Normal conditions (0°C and 1.01325 bar), while M3 measures volume under the conditions at which it is measured, without standard adjustment.
Vital Proteins Collagen vs. OrganikaVital Proteins Collagen vs. Organika
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 9, 2024
Vital Proteins Collagen is a brand offering collagen supplements for health and beauty, while Organika is a broader health and wellness brand with diverse products including collagen.
Data Roaming vs. Cellular DataData Roaming vs. Cellular Data
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Data Roaming allows usage of mobile network services outside of the home network area, while Cellular Data is using mobile services within the home network.
Slazenger Logo vs. Puma LogoSlazenger Logo vs. Puma Logo
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 15, 2024
The Slazenger logo features a panther, symbolizing agility and tradition, while the Puma logo depicts a leaping puma, representing speed and strength.
Catapult vs. TrebuchetCatapult vs. Trebuchet
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 4, 2024
A catapult is a ballistic device using tension or torsion to launch projectiles, while a trebuchet is a type of catapult using a counterweight for greater force and distance.
Fluid vs. LiquidFluid vs. Liquid
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 13, 2024
Fluids encompass all substances that flow (including gases and liquids), while liquids specifically refer to fluids with a definite volume but no fixed shape, adapting to their container.
Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5Gorilla Glass 3 vs. Gorilla Glass 5
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 1, 2024
Gorilla Glass 3 offers improved scratch resistance and durability compared to its predecessors, while Gorilla Glass 5 focuses on enhanced drop protection and toughness.
Pycharm Community vs. Pycharm ProPycharm Community vs. Pycharm Pro
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
PyCharm Community is a free, open-source IDE for Python development, while PyCharm Pro is a paid version with additional advanced features like web development support and database tools.
5'11" vs. 6'0"5’11” vs. 6’0″
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 4, 2024
The difference between 5'11" and 6'0" is one inch, with 5'11" being 71 inches and 6'0" being 72 inches tall.
Traditional Trade vs. Modern TradeTraditional Trade vs. Modern Trade
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
Traditional trade involves local, small-scale, often personalized commerce; modern trade is characterized by large-scale, technology-driven, and impersonal retail environments.
Explain vs. DefineExplain vs. Define
Dua FatimaDua Fatima
June 22, 2024
Explaining involves detailing or clarifying a concept, often including context and examples, whereas defining means stating the exact meaning of a word or phrase, typically in a concise manner.
DDR3 vs. DDR3LDDR3 vs. DDR3L
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
January 29, 2024
DDR3 is a type of RAM with standard voltage (1.5V), while DDR3L is a low voltage variant (1.35V) compatible with both 1.5V and 1.35V slots.
PPM vs. PPMVPPM vs. PPMV
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 10, 2024
PPM (parts per million) measures the concentration of one substance within a million parts of another. PPMV (parts per million by volume) expresses gas concentration as volume per million volumes of air.
Poster vs. InfographicPoster vs. Infographic
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
December 25, 2023
A Poster is a large printed image or notice for public display, while an Infographic is a visual representation of information or data.
Crane vs. HeronCrane vs. Heron
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
June 24, 2024
Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds known for their elaborate dances, while herons are typically more solitary, stealth hunters with a distinctive S-shaped neck.
NDM vs. FTPNDM vs. FTP
Shumaila SaeedShumaila Saeed
February 15, 2024
NDM (Network Data Mover) automates and secures data transfers across networks, while FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a standard network protocol for transferring files between computers.

Featured Comparisons

New Comparisons