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CBI vs. FBI: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on February 9, 2024
CBI (Central Bureau of Investigation) is India's premier investigative agency, while FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) is the United States' main federal law enforcement agency.
CBI vs. FBI

Key Differences

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) primarily focuses on high-profile cases in India, including corruption, economic crimes, and special crimes. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the United States, meanwhile, handles a wide range of federal crimes including terrorism, cybercrime, and counterintelligence.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 09, 2024
CBI operates under the jurisdiction of the Government of India and often collaborates with state police forces. The FBI operates under the U.S. Department of Justice, with jurisdiction across all states and territories of the United States.
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Shumaila Saeed
Feb 09, 2024
CBI's role extends to international cooperation, often collaborating with Interpol and other international agencies. The FBI also has a significant international presence, with legal attachés in embassies worldwide to facilitate global cooperation.
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Feb 09, 2024
The CBI is known for investigating politically sensitive cases and often works under the supervision of Indian courts. In contrast, the FBI not only investigates but also provides intelligence against major threats to U.S. national security.
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Both CBI and FBI provide training and support to law enforcement agencies within their respective countries. However, the FBI also has advanced forensic capabilities and operates its own academy for training.
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Comparison Chart

Jurisdiction

National, within India
Federal, across the United States
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Primary Responsibilities

Corruption, economic crimes
Terrorism, cybercrime, counterintelligence
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Operational Scope

Mainly domestic, with some international cooperation
Extensive domestic and international operations
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Agency Oversight

Indian Government and courts
U.S. Department of Justice
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Training and Support Role

Provides training to state police forces
Operates an academy, provides extensive training and forensic support
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CBI and FBI Definitions

CBI

Works on anti-corruption and economic crimes.
The CBI conducted raids
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Jan 15, 2024

FBI

Handles domestic and international security threats.
The FBI thwarted a cyber-attack on critical infrastructure.
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Jan 15, 2024

CBI

Handles major criminal cases in India.
The CBI is investigating a nationwide fraud network.
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FBI

Investigates federal crimes and provides intelligence.
The FBI was involved in uncovering a major drug trafficking ring.
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CBI

Operates under the jurisdiction of the Government of India.
The CBI reported its findings to the Ministry of Home Affairs.
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FBI

America's principal federal law enforcement agency.
The FBI launched an investigation into the espionage allegations.
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CBI

India's main federal investigative agency.
The CBI took over the high-profile corruption case.
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FBI

Operates under the U.S. Department of Justice.
The FBI director reported the case's progress to the Attorney General.
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CBI

Collaborates with Interpol for international cases.
The CBI, in coordination with Interpol, apprehended the fugitive abroad.
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FBI

Provides forensic and investigative support nationwide.
The FBI's forensic experts were called in to analyze the crime scene evidence.
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FBI

A federal law enforcement agency that is the principal investigative arm of the Department of Justice
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Repeatedly Asked Queries

Where is the CBI based?

In India.
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What are the FBI's main functions?

Investigating federal crimes and national security threats.
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How extensive is the FBI's jurisdiction?

Nationwide across the United States.
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Can CBI investigate state-level crimes in India?

Yes, especially if they have national significance or require specialized investigation.
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How does the FBI contribute to international law enforcement?

Through collaboration with international agencies and providing global security intelligence.
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Is CBI autonomous?

Not entirely, it operates under the jurisdiction of the Government of India.
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What does CBI stand for?

Central Bureau of Investigation.
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What is the FBI's full form?

Federal Bureau of Investigation.
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Can the FBI investigate local crimes?

Yes, if they involve federal law or have national implications.
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Does CBI deal with international crimes?

Yes, particularly in cooperation with agencies like Interpol.
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Who oversees the CBI's operations?

It's overseen by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions in India.
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Is the FBI involved in cybercrime investigation?

Yes, the FBI has specialized units for cybercrime investigations.
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Can the CBI investigate without state permission in India?

Generally, state permission is required, but there are exceptions in certain cases.
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Are CBI officers trained in forensic science?

Yes, CBI officers receive training in various investigative techniques, including forensics.
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Does the FBI operate outside the USA?

Yes, through legal attachés in embassies worldwide.
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What kind of training does the FBI provide?

The FBI provides extensive training in law enforcement, counterterrorism, and forensics.
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Feb 09, 2024

What type of cases does CBI typically handle?

High-profile cases involving corruption, economic crimes, and special crimes.
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What role does the FBI play in counterterrorism?

It plays a major role in preventing and investigating acts of terrorism in the U.S.
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Does the FBI work with local law enforcement?

Yes, the FBI often collaborates with local and state law enforcement agencies.
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Does CBI have branches in different states?

Yes, it has branches across various states in India.
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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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