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Antelope vs. Deer: Know the Difference

Shumaila Saeed
By Shumaila Saeed || Published on January 26, 2024
Antelopes are hoofed mammals in the Bovidae family, native to various parts of Africa and Eurasia. Deer are hoofed mammals in the Cervidae family, widespread in various global habitats.
Antelope vs. Deer

Key Differences

Antelopes are part of the Bovidae family, which includes goats and cattle. They are adapted for speed and agility, with slender bodies and long legs. Deer, conversely, are part of the Cervidae family and are known for their antlers, which are typically grown by males and shed annually.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 26, 2024
In terms of habitat, antelopes are primarily found in Africa and Eurasia, inhabiting a range of environments from savannas to forests. Deer have a more diverse global distribution, found in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and northern Africa, adapting to environments from tundra to tropical rainforests.
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Jan 26, 2024
Antelopes display a variety of horn shapes, which are permanent and made of bony cores covered in keratin. In contrast, deer exhibit antlers, which are bone structures that are shed and regrown annually.
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Jan 26, 2024
The social structures of antelopes vary widely, with some species being solitary and others forming large herds. Deer also show varied social structures, ranging from solitary to gregarious, depending on the species and environment.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 26, 2024
In terms of diet, antelopes are primarily herbivorous, feeding on grasses, leaves, and shoots. Deer are also herbivores, but their diet can include a wider range of vegetation, including twigs, fruits, nuts, and in some cases, lichens and fungi.
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Comparison Chart

Family

Bovidae
Cervidae
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Distribution

Mainly Africa and Eurasia
Americas, Europe, Asia, Northern Africa
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Horns/Antlers

Permanent horns
Shedding antlers
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Social Structure

Ranges from solitary to large herds
Ranges from solitary to gregarious
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Diet

Primarily grasses, leaves
Wide range including twigs, fruits, nuts
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Antelope and Deer Definitions

Antelope

Herbivores varying widely in size and shape.
The eland, the largest antelope, dwarfs many other species.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Deer

A mammal in the Cervidae family, often with antlers.
The white-tailed deer is widespread across North America.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 11, 2024

Antelope

A swift, slender-legged wild animal in the Bovidae family.
The gazelle, a type of antelope, gracefully sprinted across the savanna.
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Jan 11, 2024

Deer

Primarily herbivorous, with diverse diets.
Deer in the forest often feed on twigs and leaves.
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Antelope

Known for their permanent, diverse horns.
Each antelope species has distinctively shaped horns.
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Jan 11, 2024
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Deer

Social structures vary from solitary to herd-based.
Some deer species, like the mule deer, form large groups.
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Antelope

Native mainly to Africa and parts of Eurasia.
Antelopes are a common sight in the African grasslands.
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Jan 11, 2024

Deer

Inhabit varied habitats globally.
Deer adapt well to both forested and open environments.
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Antelope

Exhibiting diverse social structures.
Some antelope species form large herds for protection.
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Deer

Any of various hoofed ruminant mammals of the family Cervidae, characteristically having deciduous antlers borne chiefly by the males. The deer family includes the white-tailed deer, elk, moose, and caribou.
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Jan 10, 2024

Antelope

Any of various swift-running ruminant mammals of the family Bovidae, native to Africa and Eurasia and having unbranched horns.
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Jan 10, 2024

Deer

A ruminant mammal with antlers and hooves of the family Cervidae, or one of several similar animals from related families of the order Artiodactyla.
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Antelope

A pronghorn.
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Deer

(in particular) One of the smaller animals of this family, distinguished from a moose or elk
I wrecked my car after a deer ran across the road.
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Antelope

Leather made from antelope hide.
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Deer

The meat of such an animal; venison.
Oh, I've never had deer before.
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Antelope

Any of several African mammals of the family Bovidae distinguished by hollow horns, which, unlike deer, they do not shed.
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Jan 10, 2024

Deer

Any animal, especially a quadrupedal mammal as opposed to a bird, fish, etc.
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Antelope

(US) The pronghorn, Antilocapra americana.
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Deer

Any animal; especially, a wild animal.
Mice and rats, and such small deer.
The camel, that great deer.
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Antelope

A fierce legendary creature said to live on the banks of the Euphrates, having long serrated horns and being hard to catch.
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Deer

A ruminant of the genus Cervus, of many species, and of related genera of the family Cervidæ. The males, and in some species the females, have solid antlers, often much branched, which are shed annually. Their flesh, for which they are hunted, is called venison.
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Antelope

One of a group of ruminant quadrupeds, intermediate between the deer and the goat. The horns are usually annulated, or ringed. There are many species in Africa and Asia.
The antelope and wolf both fierce and fell.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 10, 2024

Deer

Distinguished from Bovidae by the male's having solid deciduous antlers
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Antelope

Graceful Old World ruminant with long legs and horns directed upward and backward; includes gazelles; springboks; impalas; addax; gerenuks; blackbucks; dik-diks
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Jan 10, 2024

Deer

Known for annually shedding and regrowing their antlers.
Each year, male deer grow a new set of impressive antlers.
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Jan 11, 2024

Repeatedly Asked Queries

Do antelopes have antlers?

No, antelopes have permanent horns, not antlers.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 26, 2024

Can deer and antelopes be found in the same habitats?

In some regions, their habitats may overlap, but they generally prefer different environments.
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Jan 26, 2024

Do all deer species grow antlers?

Most male deer grow antlers, but the size and shape vary by species.
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Jan 26, 2024

Is the habitat range of deer wider than that of antelopes?

Yes, deer have a more global distribution compared to antelopes.
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Jan 26, 2024

Where are antelopes primarily found?

Antelopes are mainly found in Africa and parts of Eurasia.
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Jan 26, 2024

Are antelopes faster than deer?

Antelopes are generally adapted for speed and agility, but speed varies among species.
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Jan 26, 2024

What are the distinctive features of deer?

Deer are known for their antlers, which are typically grown by males and shed annually.
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Jan 26, 2024

What is the diet of an antelope?

Antelopes are primarily herbivorous, feeding on grasses and leaves.
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Jan 26, 2024

Are antelopes and deer related?

They are both ungulates (hoofed mammals) but belong to different families.
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Jan 26, 2024

What is the main family difference between antelope and deer?

Antelopes are in the Bovidae family, while deer belong to the Cervidae family.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 26, 2024

What types of environments do deer inhabit?

Deer inhabit diverse environments including tundra, forests, and tropical regions.
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Jan 26, 2024

What is the role of antlers in deer behavior?

Antlers are used in mating displays and territorial battles among male deer.
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Jan 26, 2024

Are deer found in urban areas?

In some regions, deer have adapted to urban environments.
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Jan 26, 2024

Do deer species vary in size like antelopes?

Yes, deer species also show significant variation in size.
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Are there endangered species of antelopes and deer?

Yes, certain species of both antelopes and deer are considered endangered.
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Jan 26, 2024

Do antelopes migrate like some deer species?

Some antelope species do migrate, but patterns vary widely.
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How do antelope horns differ from deer antlers?

Antelope horns are permanent and made of a bony core covered in keratin, while deer antlers are bone structures shed annually.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 26, 2024

Can both antelopes and deer be domesticated?

Generally, both are wild animals and not typically domesticated.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 26, 2024

Do all antelopes live in herds?

No, social structures of antelopes vary, with some being solitary.
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed
Jan 26, 2024

How do the social structures of antelopes and deer differ?

Both vary widely, from solitary to forming large herds or groups.
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Shumaila Saeed
Jan 26, 2024

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About Author
Shumaila Saeed
Written by
Shumaila Saeed
Shumaila Saeed, an expert content creator with 6 years of experience, specializes in distilling complex topics into easily digestible comparisons, shining a light on the nuances that both inform and educate readers with clarity and accuracy.

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